An outstanding collection of 12 historical essays published in 1971, 12 Events That Have Influenced Philippine History provides an easy and pleasurable rereading of Philippine history from the perspectives of 12 men and women of letters, all eminent literary personalities of that time. Watershed events of Philippine history, the collection starts with the "Magellan Expedition" ends with the "Hukbalahap Movement." It clamors for the addition of an essay or two - the Marcos regime and the People Power revolution - to bridge the then-and-now.

Two of the essays - Legazpi Expedition by Nita Umali Berthelsen and The Cavite Mutiny by Nati Alde Nuguid have been uploaded. StuartXchange hopes to resurrect the rest of the essays and upload them to the site.


StuartXchange hopes to resurrect the essays and upload them to the site.


Magellan Expedition Carmen Guerrero Nakpil
Legazpi Expedition Nital Umali Berthelsen
Philippines Opened To World Trade Conrado Benitez
The Cavite Mutiny Nati Alde Nuguid
Founding of the Katipunan Teodoro A. Agoncillo
The Battle of Manila Bay Teodoro C. Benigno
Establishment of American Civil Goverment F. Sionil Jose
The Jones Law Jose A. Lansang
Tydings-McDuffie Law Claro M. Recto
The War in the Pacific Jimena Austria Manalo
Proclamation of Philippine Independence Juan C. Tuvera
The Hukbalahap Movement Jose Luna Castro