There are many species,
hybrids and horticultural varieties of begonia, widely cultivated in
the Philippines for its ornamental foliage and flowers. There are three
types: (1) Fibrous rooted with dull or bright green leaves or variegated
in hybrids (2) rhizomatous, with thick underground stems and large and
long-stalked leaves (3) tuberous-rooted with their attractive showy
Herb with fibrous roots
and erect, branched stems growing to 1.3 meters tall. Leaves are obliquely-oblong
to ovate, up to 15 cm long, thick and green. Flowers are in axillary,
pendulous racemes with red peduncles. Female flowers are three-winged
with a red ovary.
Widely cultivated in the
Philippines for ornamental use.
Flowers, leaves, roots.
and Pharmacological Effects
Anodyne, ophthalmic, antiphlogistic,
Not known for folkloric
medicinal use in the Philippines.
In other countries, it has been written up for the medicinal uses of
Flower infusions used to promote blood circulation and elimination of
toxins from the body.
Poultice of flowers used for burns and toxic sores.
Juice of the plants is drunk to use relieve headaches.
Poultice of crushed leaves for sore and irritated nipples.
Roots of the juice used for conjunctivitis.
Also used for peptic ulcer.
The tuberous roots and fruits are anodyne, antiphlogistic and antispasmodic.
Decoction used in the treatment of traumatic pain, haematemesis, gonorrhoea,
post-partum vaginal discharge, amenorrhoea and snakebites.