HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Convulvulaceae
Cabello de angel
Ipomoea quamoclit Linn.

Niao luo

Scientific names  Common names
Convolvulus pennatifolius Salisb.  Agau (Tag.)
Convolvulus pennatus Desr.  Cabello de angel (Span.)
Convolvulus quamoclit (L.) Spreng.  Lumpitan (Mag.)
Ipomoea quamoclit Linn. Malabukbok (Tag.)
Quamoclit pennata (Desr.) Bojer Malmarama (C. Bis.)
Quamoclit vulgaris Choisy Piros-piros (C. Bis.)
  Sailatan (Sul.)
  Silauak-an-kambing (Sul.)
  Tartaraok (Ilk.)
  Tentenedor (Ilk.)
  Star of Bethlehem (Engl.)
  Cardinal climber (Engl.)
  Cardinal plant (Engl.)
  Cupid's flower (Engl.)
  Cypress vine (Engl.)
  Hummingbird flower (Engl.)
  Indian pink (Engl.)
  Red cypress vine (Engl._
  Red morning glory (Engl.)
  Star glory (Engl.)
Quamoclit pennata (Desr.) Bojer is a synonym of Ipomoea quamoclit L. The Plant List
Ipomoea quamoclit L. is an accepted name. . The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Kunja lota.
CHINESE: Niao luo.
HINDI: Kamlata.
MALAYALAM: Suriyakanthi.
MARATHI: Vishnukranti.
TAMIL: Mayilmannikkam, Kembumalligai.
OTHER INDIAN NAMES: Akasamulla, Kunjalata, Tarulata.

Cabello de angel is a slender, twining, smooth vine growing 4 to 6 meters or more. Leaves are ovate, 4 to 7 centimeters long, dark green, and pinnately divided into numerous, linear, distant segments. Cymes are axillary, containing few, erect flowers; the peduncles are 4 to 9 millimeters long. Corolla is deep red and salver shaped; the tube about 2 centimeters long and slightly enlarged upward; the limb spreading, 1.5 to 2 centimeters in diameter, and distinctly 5-lobed. Fruit is a capsule, ovoid, 7 to 8 millimeters long, with smooth, black seeds.

- Found in Ilocos Norte, Bontoc, Nueva Viscaya, La Union, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Albay, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Panay, Negros, Cebu and Mindanao, in thickets at low and medium altitudes.
- Ornamental cultivation.
- Cultivated in urban gardens.
- Now thoroughly naturalized.
- Native of tropical America.
- Now pantropic.

- Leaves are reported to contain small amounts of alkaloids.
- Traces of hydrocyanic acid are also present in roots, stems and flowers.
- Resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds provided five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F, along with six organic acids, isobutyric, 2S-methylbutyric, tiglic, 2R,3R-nilic, 7S-hydroxydecanoic, and 7S-hydroxydodecanoic acids. (See studies below) (3)
- Phytochemical analysis of whole plant yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, saponns, phytosterols, phenolic compounds, tannins flavonoids, proteins, amino acids, terpenoids, gums and mucilages. (see study below) (8)
- Proximate analysis of whole plant yielded 9.68% total ash, 3.57% acid insoluble ash, 2.95% water soluble ash, 3.49% sulphated ash, 12.92% alcohol soluble extractive value, 9.45% water soluble extractive values, 5.41% ether soluble extractive value and 5.25% moisture content. (9)

- Phytochemical screening of ethanol extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavanoids, glycosides, phytosterols, carbohydrates, amino acids, phenolic compounds. (see study below)

- Considered cooling and purgative.
- Roots are considered an effective sternutatory.
- Hindus consider the plant to have cooling properties.
- Studies have suggested antioxidant, antiproliferative, antidiabetic properties.

- In the Philippines, leaves are used as poultices for bleeding hemorrhoids.
- Crushed leaves used for carbuncles.
- Seeds reportedly used as laxative by the Sino-Annamites.
- In Queensland, used as purgative, as snuff, and for snake bites.
- In India, powdered roots given as sternutatory; pounded leaves applied to bleeding piles. Considered cooling and purgative. Used for chest pains.
- In Spain, powdered roots used as sternutatory; pounded leaves used for hemorrhoids, ulcers and breast pain.
- In
Brazil, aerial parts used as depurative or antibiotic.
- Kani tribe in
Kerala, apply leaf paste over the throat for splinters. (6)
- In the Antilles, roots are considered an effective sternutatory and the latex used for coryza.
- In Siddha medicine, leaves used for piles and diabetes; the leaf and stem decoction used for fever.
- In Ayurveda, leaves are used for stabilizing the gravid uterus.
- In Siddha medicine, decoction of leaves and stems used for fever and diabetes. In Thailand, used for snake bites and hemoptysis. (11)

New Glycosidic Acids:
Study isolated two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H from the glycosidic acid fraction. (2)
Glycosidic Acids: Alkaline hydrolysis of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds yielded five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F along with six organic acids.
Quamoclinic acids E and F are the first examples of heptaglycosides of glycosidic acid. (See constituents above) (3)
Anti-Diabetic: Study evaluated the anti-diabetic activity of whole plant of I. quamoclit against STZ-induced diabetic rats. A hydroalcoholic extract of whole plant showed significant reduction in blood glucose.(see constituents above) (8)
Antiproliferative / Leaves: Study evaluated the anti-proliferative effect of various extracts of Ipomoea quamoclit leaves against MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (cervix adenocarcinoma), CNE-1 (nasopharyngeal carcinoma, HT-29 (colorectal adenocarcinoma) and 3T3 (normal mouse fibroblast) cell lines. The methanol leaf extract showed the highest anti-proliferative activity against the tested cell lines. (9)
Antioxidant: Study evaluated the antioxidant activity of P. paniculata and Ipomoea quamoclit whole plants. Ipomoea quamoclit yielded total flavonoids of 49.26 (quercetin) and total phenols of 39.32 mg/g (gallic acid). Both plants exhibited significant antioxidant activity by various assays. (10)
Antioxidant / Antimicrobial / Anticancer: Study evaluated an ethanolic extract for antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Antioxidant evaluation by IC50 values and gallic acid were 68.4 µg/ml and o,82 µg/ml for DPPH method, and 96.4 and 2.44 µg/ml for nitric oxide method. Antimicrobial activity by agar well diffusion method showed good activity against gram positive S. aureus, S. werneri and gram negative Pseudomonas putida, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, P. mirabilis, K. pneumonia and fungal strain Candida albicans. Cytotoxicity evaluation showed dose dependent inhibition of CaCO2 (colon cancer) cell viability. (12)

Antioxidant / Aerial Parts: Study of aerial parts of I. quamoclit for antioxidant activity using DPPH assay showed IC50 of 25.96 µg/ml. (13)


Seeds in the cybermarket.

Updated August 2020 /
October 2015

                                                    PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / File:Cyprus vine flower.jpg / 23 July 2006 / Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/opyadav/195145611/ Author http://www.flickr.com/photos/opyadav/ Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license / click on image to go to source page / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Line Drawing / Quamoclit quamoclit (L.) Britton, nom. inval. - QUQU / USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 42. / USDA
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Pharmacognostical Identification of Stem and Root of Ipomoea quamoclit (Linn.) / K. Rajendran, K.K. Srinivasan, and Annie Shirwaikar / Natural Product Sciences 13(4) : 273-278 (2007)
Two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H, of the resin glycosides (Convolvulin) from the seeds of Quamoclit pennata / Masateru Ono, Masae Imao, Kazumoto Miyahara / Chemical pharmaceutical bulletin (2010), Volume: 58, Issue: 9, Pages: 1232-1235
Components of Ether-Insoluble Resin Glycoside (Convolvulin) from Seeds of Quamoclit pennata
/ Ono Masateru et al / Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin; ISSN:0009-2363; VOL.58; NO.5; PAGE.666-672; (2010)
Cypress Vine / Common names / Flowers of India
Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities screening of some Brazilian medicinal plants used in Governador Valadares district / Beatriz Gonçalves Brasileiro1, Virgínia Ramos Pizziolo, Délio Soares Raslan, Claudia Mashrouah Jamal, Dâmaris Silveira / Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 42, n. 2, abr./jun., 2006
Traditional remedies of Kani tribes of Kottor reserve forestm Agasthyavanam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
/ Arun Vijayan, Liju V B, Reena John JV, Parthipan B & Renuka C / Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 6(4), Oct 2007, Pp 589-594.
Ipomoea quamoclit L. / Synonyms / The Plant List
Anti-diabetic activity of Ipomoea quamoclit in Streptozotocin Induced diabetic rats / Raveendra Reddy J, Sanjeeva Kumar A, Rama Mohan Gupta V / Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2015; 4(1): 68-71
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND STANDARDIZATION PARAMETERS OF IPOMOEA QUAMOCLIT LINN WHOLE PLANT- AN ETHNOMEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT / Sanjeeva Kumar Avvari, Raveendra Reddy J, Rama Mohan Gupta V / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacetical Sciences, Vol6, Issue 7, 2014
Anti-Proliferative Activity and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Ipomoea quamoclit Leaf Extracts / Ket Li Ho, Wei Ern Chung, Kah Ee Choong, Yan Li Cheah, Ee Ying Phua and Ramamurthy Srinivasan / Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, 9: pp 127-134. / DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2015.127.134
In vitro Antioxidant Activity of Porana paniculata and Ipomoea quamoclit-Two Ethnomedicinally Important Plants of Convolvulaceae Family / A. Sanjeeva Kumar*, J. Raveendra Reddy and V. Rama Mohan Gupta / British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 5(4): 286-293, 2015, Article no.BJPR.2015.028
An update on biological activities of medicinal plant Ipomoea quamoclit L. / Dipak Paul, Sankar Narayan Sinha / Tropical Plant Research, Ap9ril 2016; 3(1): pp 186-190
DPPH free radical scavenging activity of some Bangladeshi medicinal plants / S. M. Raquibul Hasan, Md. Mokarram Hossain, Raushanara Akter, Mariam Jamila, Md. Ehsanul Hoque Mazumder and Shafiqur Rahman / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, Nov 2009; 3(11): pp 875-879 / ISSN: 1996-0875

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL