CAMP CRAME, Midnight : Gen. Ramos took a jog around the perimeter with two guards but no sidearm. Asiaweek 9 Mar
A JOURNALIST, Midnight
- We sat with two radios, a Radio Veritas and a second short-wave.
Veritas, knocked off the air, was beaming from some clandestine radio
station which a few of us knew was barely a kilometer away from where
the Evil One resided. "Lord preserve Ketly - that's our pet name
for June Keithley - they'll kill her in cold blood if they discover
where she is."
RADYO BANDIDO, 12:10 AM - Keithley's
broadcast began with the playing of Mambo Magsaysay, the campaign song
identified with Radio Veritas, "hoping people would recognize the
song and know us as DZRV."
ORLY PUNZALAN "When our newsmen discovered that June Keithley was on Radyo Bandido, they started feeding her news. Harry Gasser, Bishop Baccani, Jun Tana, and the rest of the boys helped. Poor June Keithley. She did not have a mobile unit, did not have a crew. All she had was a radio station and a telephone whose number was not even supposed to be announced.Manila Chronicle Feb 87
AN MERCADO (Student) My brother Gabe called to tell me that June Keithley was broacasting again. The Voice of Truth could be heard on 810 of the AM band. I asked him where they were, trying to sound as demanding as possible, as I was sure my mother would be very worried. He said he could not tell me. It was a secret. PEOPLE POWER p. 191
Fidel Ramos: We were very lucky to have been able to hook up in that manner because to the audience, to the outside world, it appeared that our momentum continued and did not diminish with the demise of Radio Veritas.
A JOURNALIST - Through some ingenious phone patch, we heard Gen. Ramos from time to time, directing his troops from Radyo Bandido, cajoling, pleading, but in a most dignified way, with Artemio Tadiar, chief of the Marines who manned the ominous tanks. He reminded Temy of Christianly duties to God and to fellow man. "You will be treated with compassion and understanding and love." Then he said that any soldier who did not defect now would "be dealt with accordingly." Enrile went on the air and affirmed, "...they would be dealt with severely," almost blowing Gen. Ramos' PR efforts to smithereens. NINE LETTERS p. 28
FORT BONIFACIO - The Ver strategists looked for another way to "inject" Marines into Camp Aguinaldo, from where an assault on Camp Crame would be launched. Brawner was at the drawing board. At first he thought of shuttling the Marines by air. Risky. The land route would be safer. Following a suggestion from Natividad, CDC units would be utilized to sweep away human barricades so that the Marines could enter Camp Aguinaldo by way of Libis. BREAKAWAY p. 71
AROUND CAMP CRAME, 1:00 AM - On a call by Cardinal Sin and other Catholic bishops, church bells rang eerily and households walked out to the streets in residential sectors surrounding Camp Crame when word spread that Mr. Marcos's forces were going to attack the rebels' stronghold. Bulletin Today 25 Feb
of people were camped outside the Philippine Constabulary headquarters
overnight to form a human shield against any attack by forces loyal
to President Marcos.
RADYO BANDIDO - News of defections trickle in through the night, Cory speaks briefly, and whenever Ketly runs out of things to say, or whenever the tension needs easing, she spinned an old scratchy version of Mambo Magsaysay. June also played Bayan Ko intermittently. NINE LETTERS p. 28
Cory Aquino: I was hardly sleeping. While I would lie in bed and pretend to sleep, I didn't really. I guess the adrenalin just flowed and maybe that is why I wasn't conscious of the time. Events were overlapping. One day just seemed to go on into the next.
DZRJ, STA. MESA, MANILA
On the 12th floor of the building where the radio station
was, in the center of the city, June was really terrified. She
said, over the transceiver: "There are only six of us here
three boys and three girls. The place is so tiny! There
is only one door! If the military come to that door, with an
Armalte, there is no escape! Only the window! And the closest
ledge is four stories down!"
When Monina wanted her children back, Fr. Reuter said, "Give your children a chance to be heroes!" Inquirer Feb 88
CRAME WAR ROOM, 2:03 AM - Ramos lit up a cigar and reported that a Huey helicopter had been flown in by defecting Air Force pilots. On his mahogany table were a book by Dred Schwarz entitled "You Can Trust the Communists (To Be Communists)", a Bible open at Psalm 91, and a back issue of Asiaweek with himself on the cover. Asiaweek 9 Mar
FORT BONIFACIO, 3:00 AM - Ramas ordered two Marine battalions to prepare for another attack. General Tadiar had a choice of commanders - the level-headed Col. Balbas or the gung-ho Col. Reyes. Balbas had just arrived back, exhausted from a 10-hour patrol around the rebel camps. Tadiar sensibly selected the well-rested Col. Reyes. But when an aide approached him for the order, Tadiar blurted out the name of Balbas. Veritas Special Oct 86
Balbas's 4th Marine regiment
was reinforced by armor: 3 LVTH's and 3 V-150's. Army CDC battalions
would lead the way through EDSA, turning right before Ortigas, going
via Rodriguez St. and then to Santolan by way of Libis, then push beyond
to the LogCom main gate. BREAKAWAY p. 71
RADYO BANDIDO With
sophisticated radio locators, Ver's forces could not find dzRB
simply because it was much too close, practically towering over
Malacanang. They never knew how tantalizingly close their helicopters
were to the radio tower they could have so easily bombed.
WASHINGTON, D.C., Around
3:00 AM (Manila Time) - The National Security Planning Group
met in Shultz's office, now with an acute sense of urgency. Bosworth
in Manila reported that Marcos might attack the rebels at daybreak.
A decision by Reagan was vital before then.
CAMP CRAME WAR ROOM, 3:30 AM - Gen. Ramos had just come in from a jogging tour around the camp. His cheeks glowed with sweat. He opened a box of Tabacalera Flor Fina and toyed with a cigar while Minister Enrile, seated on his left, puffed a smoke. Brigadier General Eduardo Ermita, a commanding general of the joint staff Civil Relations Services, held a copy of St. Francis of Assisi's prayer. But it was in English. Could somebody please translate it into Pilipino? The room buzzed about the imminent "attack." Officers filed in and out of the room, making their way around a floor of bodies, cameras and armalites. Coffee flowed. The room tensed with the report that three tanks had been sighted in Santolan. Gen. Ramos sent plainclothesmen to "verify." Minister Enrile concentrated on a Philippine Daily Inquirer as photographer Melvyn Calderon waited for the best angle. Three doctors sat quietly behind Enrile; the image of the Virgin Mary serenely looked on Ramos' back. Mr. & Ms. 28 Feb
RADYO BANDIDO, Past 3:30 AM - Enrile
warned the people through radio that two armored personnel carriers
were on their way towards Ortigas. A look-out man on top of VV Soliven
building had sent Enrile the information. QUARTET
Freddie Aguilar: Sa Gate
Two, biglang nagkasahan sabay-sabay 'yung mga sundalo. Sabi ko, ano
'to? Guerra na? Tapos ang tagal, nakabitin kami, you don't know whether
there'll be shooting or not. Ang maririnig mo lang, 'yung kasahan, ganoon.
Ang pakiramdam, 'yung parang sa sine, pag suspense na.
THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON,
D.C., Around 4:00 AM (Manila Time) - Reagan remarked at a National
Security Council meeting that Marcos had to be "approached
carefully" and "asked rather than told" to depart.
He declined to telephone Marcos and tell him to go, nor would
he send him a personal message. Nor would he countenance a replay
of Jimmy Carter's refusal to allow the shah to enter the United
States until he was near death. Marcos, he affirmed, could have
asylum in America.
FORT BONIFACIO, 4:14 AM - Balbas's regiment and supporting units jumped off from Bonifacio. This time the Marines moved more efficiently than they did the previous day. The CDC units under the direction of Brig. Gen. Victor Natividad would use tear gas to breach the human barricades at Libis. BREAKAWAY p. 71
METRO MANILA, Before Dawn - Batasan members were awakened by Minority Floorleader Pepito Laurel's office and directed to proceed to UNIDO president Doy Laurel's residence at 6:30 AM for a meeting. Inquirer 26 Feb
CAMP CRAME WAR ROOM, 4:30 AM - Gen.
Ramos received a note, and he broke into a wide grin. "Good news.
Everybody is defecting to our side." Pushing back his eyeglasses,
the general stretched to his full height. Retired Brig. Gen. Guillermo
Picache, commissioner of the National Pollution Control, was joining
the rebel forces because "there is so much pollution in the Marcos
government." The room rocked with cheers. Another good news: the
three tanks sighted earlier turned out to be garbage trucks. Gen. Ramos
was amused. "That's symbolic. After all, we have been getting nothing
but garbage all these years." Mr. & Ms. 28 Feb - 6 Mar
RADIO VERITAS, 4:40 AM
CAMP CRAME WAR ROOM,
5:10 AM - Ramos reported: "An overwhelming military force has been
assembled and directed to move against us." Asiaweek
Fidel Ramos: I called upon everyone who was not needed in headquarters-either they were not part of our staff or of our operations center-to seek a safer place. I advised all foreign nationals that we would no longer be responsible for their safety. Also, over the radio I advised the foreign embassies that we were expecting an attack and requested them to inform the outside world of this.
- The broadcast was from Camp Aguinaldo now, from the rear gate
which was a weak spot. Sneaky of those terrorists; they knew
where it hurt the most. Ketly was about to sweat blood. "Magkakapatid
tayo," she said again and again to the soldiers. She reminded
them that the civvies were unarmed and unaggressive.
LIBIS, SANTOLAN Sitting there in the half-dark, Wawel Mercado, a student, could hear singing. There was a group from Tondo and they were singing ballads. I had never heard those songs before, but they were very deep, very sad. We all knew there wasdanger out there, somewhere. That was why many of us really didn't talk for any length of time. We smiled or chuckled but no one really laughed out loud. The singing, however, went on almost all through the night. Perhaps singing is ingrained in the Filipino. He sings when he is scared. PEOPLE POWER (II) p. 192
SANTOLAN, OUTSIDE CAMP
AGUINALDO, Around 5:00 AM - It was a large crowd, but the only vehicle
was a large truck blocking the road. As the morning light began creeping
across the Manila sky, an announcement came over loud-speakers broadcasting
the Catholic pro-rebel Radio Veritas that an attack by troops loyal
to President Marcos was imminent.
CRAME WAR ROOM - Rebel troopers prepared for battle. San Andres asked that final absolution be given him and his men. The men embraced and bade one another farewell. The radio played the PMA song, everyone stood up to sing it, some of them with tears welling in their eyes. Sunday Times Mag 2 Mar
Fidel Ramos: We were saying goodbye to the world and to each other. People started reaching out for their bibles, looking for their favorite passages. In my case I looked for Psalm 91, which is the psalm devoted to the protection of soldiers, and we found it very comforting.
- Marcos angrily rejected Bosworth and, going on television, claimed
to be in control. IN
OUR IMAGE p. 420
Jose Almonte: Because of what the previous regime was doing -arresting people, even changing the structure of property and ownership - on grounds of national security, my feeling was that the action RAM was planning to take was the only right thing to do. The cumulation of all the actions of the Marcos administration had led to serious decay in the values of the people, even, to a sense of hopelessness...as if we had lost our soul as a nation. And being among those legally authorized to handle the coercive powers of the state, we felt that it was up to us to do something about the situation.
Merong radyo sa opisina nina Ramos at Enrile. Naririnig ko kung
anong inuutos ni Marcos. Full assault na, by land and by air.
Diyos ko, eto na, 'kako, lulusubin na kami! Nagkasahan na naman
'yung mga sundalo.
FORT BONIFACIO - Ver and Ramas gave the signal for an all-out attack by riot police using tear gas, Marine artillery, helicopter gunships, and low level jet bombers. Veritas Special Oct 86
CAMP CRAME - Over transistor radios, Marcos was heard vowing, "We'll wipe them out. It is obvious they are committing rebellion." Over Radio Veritas came Enrile's reply: "I am not going to surrender."Time 10 Mar
Nawala bigla 'yung mga sundalo, pati 'yung foreign correspondents.
Apat na lang kami. Yung isa, photographer-reporter na Muslim,
kinukunan ako ng litrato. Yung dalawa, tauhan ni Fr. Reuter na
nagma-man ng VHS radio. Tinginan kami.
VILLAMOR AIR BASE, 5:15 AM - Sotelo asked the pilots if anybody wanted to back out. No one did. By coincidence, they received their first mission to fly two gunships to Fort Bonifacio. Sotelo used this as his cover. Business Day 12 Mar
THE WHITE HOUSE - Reagan
still did not call publicly for the dictator to step down. The President
flashed a private message to Marcos-his old friend was welcome to the
Rose Marie Arenas: That was the first time I really felt afraid because I had never been tear-gassed in my whole life, and my son was just a baby at the time and he was in the back of the car.
SANTOLAN, OUTSIDE CAMP
AGUINALDO, 5:15 AM - Several tear gas bombs suddenly exploded, pushing
the crowd back a few paces to wash their eyes and cover their faces
with wet handkerchiefs.
Hundreds of loyalists marched toward the civilian ranks headed by young seminarians and priests. The loyalist forces, which were soon joined by an Army unit, tried to advance on the crowd, wielding their truncheons and exploding more tear gas, but found themselves blocked by determined civilians. The crowd sang the National Anthem, prayed and applauded the loyalist troops, but refused to budge. Business Day 25 Feb
Freddie Aguilar: Nakikinig ako sa Walkman ko. Nadinig ko si Keithley, tumatawag, we need more people, our brothers are being teargassed. (I was listening to Keithley on my Walkman. She was calling for more people.)
A JOURNALIST - The people were holding their ground. A strong gust of wind (I found out later) blew the teargas in the direction of the attackers. I'll never underestimate the power of prayer again. The soldiers seemed suitably impressed too. They ceased their attack and crosed over, to be welcomed with bear hugs and cheers. Quite a scene. NINE LETTERS p. 29-30
Sonny Razon: We were telling Gen. Ramos that if we were shelled, or hit with helicopter fire, the first to go would be the third floor where we were. So we suggested moving down to the second floor. But he wouldn't go down! So what we did was to place a bomb blanket on top of his table-like what you do in explosives disposal; you cover the bomb with a blanket so that in case it detonates, there won't be any shrapnel. My plan was, when the shooting started, I'd force him down under the table.
Alex Sembrano: In case we were attacked, we would retreat to the Greenhills side where we had some 4 vehicles and soldiers waiting for us.
CAMP CRAME, Outside the War Room, 6:00 AM - A group of reporters huddled around a small transistor. Cardinal Sin was on the air. "May we come to a peaceful solution to our crises. ... I will bless the men in uniform, but only those who are for peace. Col. Luis San Andres, Gen. Ramos's public information man, smiled. "Huh, how's that for final absolution?" By the time Cardinal Sin said Amen, a soldier ordered everyone to leave the room. No one moved. The whirring of a helicopter broke the reporters' conversations. Mr. & Ms. 28 Feb - 6 Mar
Eto na 'yung helicopter, naririnig ko, papalapit nang papalapit, palakas
nang palakas. Tinginan kaming apat. Walang kumikibo.
ABOVE CAMP CRAME - All five gunships in the air, Sotelo felt serene. His pilot circled Camp Crame once. Business Day 12 Mar
Fidel Ramos: It was just before dawn, when you could barely see the outline of anything in the sky. The sound of approaching helicopters filled the air.
Alex Sembrano: When those choppers came, that was the really scary part. We were just waiting. We had orders not to fire, not to shoot, unless they shot at us first. We were just waiting for the first round to hit us.
Rene Cruz: In the air, Sotelo's gunships were circling Camp Crame. We mistook the first pass for surveillance. We were sure that in the next pass, they'd start firing. All of us were really apprehensive. First, tanks and Marines. Now, the Air Force. We thought it was the beginning of the end. So I told the people, 'Disperse! Take cover!'
CAMP CRAME - At the crack of dawn Monday, Marine battalions began advancing from all directions. Then the roar of a dozen helicopters reached a terrifying crescendo. Soldiers bit their lips. Guns cocked. Squads ran to position. Reporters took cover. They were outnumbered and outarmed. Mr & Ms. 28 Feb
ABOVE CAMP CRAME - On the second turn Sotelo's pilot slowed down and proceeded to land. Business Day 12 Mar
Naku, sabi ko, eto na yata, nag-landing! Lulusubin yata kami by foot.
Hinihintay ko na lang 'yung BANG! 'Yun na 'yon e. Alam kong uunahin
'yung building namin dahil nandoon sina Enrile at Ramos. Patay kami
dito, parang ganoon ang nasa isip ko. Tapos biglang nagsigawan sila.
Rene Cruz: All of a sudden I saw that the helicopters were now coming in slowly, with lights on. I knew then that they were on our side. But I was afraid that the people might not realize it and fire at them, so I ran out and I was shouting like anything: 'Do not fire! They are coming in for us! They are joining us!'
6:20 AM - Seven Sikorskys bristling with rockets and cannon landed on
the parade ground. The rebels braced themselves for a bloody attack.
Asiaweek 9 Mar
Fidel Ramos: Rene Cruz came bursting through the backdoor - our escape hatch - announcing that the Air Force had joined us. With him were Col. Sotelo and several of his pilots. There was instant applause and jubilation. It was totally unexpected. This was a major turning point in the revolution. Suddenly we had air power-the First NAFP Air Force.
ANTONIO SOTELO - "Minister Enrile with tears in his eyes hugged each and every one of us. Gen. Ramos and all the rest did the same thing. Morale went up 1000 percent. The enemy's morale went down 1000 per cent." Veritas 16 Mar
Rene Cruz: At the time we really thought it was a miracle. What were our chances? If they had attacked us, we had nothing. We could fight maybe one day, two days, that's all.
Fidel Ramos: One of the first things we planned was a symbolic attack - using the helicopters of Col. Sotelo - against some targets in Malacañang, just to show that the rebels had acquired air attack capability.
CAMP AGUINALDO - Looking down from the high ground of Aguinaldo's golf course, Balbas had awesome firepower "boresighted" on the rebel headquarters only 200 meters away: 3 howitzers, 28 mortars, 6 rocket launchers, 6 machine guns, and 1000 rifles. Veritas Special Oct 86
Balbas got a briefing from Estrellado of ISAFP, not knowing that the unit had already joined the other side. Estrellado, tongue in cheek, gave an exaggerated picture of Camp Crame's strength. BREAKAWAY p. 71
- Commodore Tagumpay Jardiniano, Chief of the Naval Defense Force, held
a conference of 50 officers on a gunboat. The graying commodore apologized
to his men: "As early as Saturday I committed my unit in support
of the Minister and Gen. Ramos for what I believe is a cause worth fighting
- Keithley announced that "Mr. Marcos and Bongbong have just taken
off from the Manila International Airport." She added-also falsely-that
Ver's wife and Imelda Marcos left at 3:00 PM, Sunday, and Marcos daughters
Imee and Irene the night before, leaving Gen. Ver "alone in Malacañang."
A JOURNALIST - The unbelievable news was that Marcos, Imelda and Ver had fled the country, and Marcos was presently in Guam. A shockwave of silence gripped the crowd, followed by wild whooping and cheering. Men and women openly wept with joy; strangers, hugged, danced, sang. NINE LETTERS p. 30
MANDALUYONG, Doy Laurel's Residence, 6:30 AM - The topic of conversation was the setting up of a provisional government. Louie Villafuerte, Bobbit Sanchez, and Bono Adaza were designated to liaison with Minister Enrile on the subject.
CAMP CRAME, Around the same time - Enrile asked LABAN vice-president Tito Guingona to get in touch with Cory Aquino and Doy Laurel about setting up a provisional government. Enrile ordered that a skeletal cabinet be fashioned. He stressed that it should not be a military junta, but purely civilian government, and that the forces under him and Ramos wil constitute its military arm. Inquirer 26 Feb
MBS TV CHANNEL 4, 7:00 AM - The announcement that President Marcos and his family had fled the country prompted a group of August Twenty-One Movement (ATOM) members headed by former Bureau of Land Transportation Chairman Mariano Santiago to go about taking over MBS 4, the government television station. Philippine Daily Express 25 Feb
Fidel Ramos: We were on a high, so to speak, because of the 15th Strike Wing's defection to our side. Then came this news about the withdrawal of Marcos from Malacañang. I asked our intelligence staff to verify it from an asset inside Malacañang. Sabi daw, "Opo, nakaalis na" or words to that effect. So we went outside, Minister Enrile and I, to render a progress report to the people. Later on we made some speeches from the flagpole area inside the camp. I was jumping for joy because that's how happy we felt.
Around 7:30 AM - Enrile and Ramos, surrounded by rebel troops, addressed
the crowd inside and outside the camp. "This is the day of our
liberation!" Enrile announced to a wildly cheering crowd. Sunday
Times Mag 2 Mar 86
Sonny Razon: The lead pilot was the late Major Baula. Luckily he was sympathetic to RAM. He had orders to bomb or strafe Crame but he did not.
Rene Cruz: They were going to bomb us. Suddenly they saw a big big cross, from Cubao to Ortigas, and the length of Santolan across, filled with people. It's what stopped them, they say.
LUIS D. BELTRAN - The rejoicing at Marcos's departure (whether supposed or real) was almost manic. People cried in joy, ran out in the streets, embraced and hugged each other as if someone had announced that the Bubonic Plague was over. Inquirer 25 Feb
Tito Guingona was unable to locate Cory right away. Dropping by MP Cecilia Munoz Palma's place, he met instead with LABAN statesmen Senators Lorenzo Tanada, Jose Diokno, and Jovito Salonga, who all backed up the idea of immediately forming a civilian government with Cory at the helm. Cory contacted Tito at Palma's place. Inquirer 26 Feb
Cory Aquino: In the morning of Monday, when I met with the leaders of the opposition - Pepe Diokno, Jovy Salonga, Celing Palma, and Senator Tanada, Joker Arroyo was also there - they said, we just want you to know that your name is no longer being mentioned by Johnny Ponce Enrile in Crame. Whereas on the first day, my name was constantly being mentioned, even on Sunday, on Monday things had apparently changed, taken a 180-degree turn, and I agreed with the opposition leaders that it was imperative that I took my oath of office. So we called in the lawyers, Neptali Gonzalez and Rene Saguisag, to prepare the oath that I would be taking that afternoon.
DZRJ - Corazon Aquino thanked the people for support "given not only to me and Doy Laurel but to Gen. Ramos and Minister Enrile" and urged them to continue "peaceful non-violent moves." Asiaweek 9 Mar
For a moment the historians were ready to mark February 24, 1986 as the "L-day." At exactly 9:00 AM however, President Marcos appeared on television and declared a state of emergency throughout the archipelago. Malaya 25 Feb
- Marcos ordered Cendana to put him and his family on TV to disprove
the story of his departure. BREAKAWAY
Malacañang again summoned the generals to be on TV with Marcos to disprove Keithley's report. Op. cit., p. 78
Reporter Vic Tanedo came
early in response to Cendana's invitation. He saw Mrs. Marcos crying
in the President's study. Marcos was talking into the telephone and
Tanedo guessed it was President Reagan at the other end because Marcos
was saying, "But Mr. President, I have to do this."
Alex Sembrano: It was General Paiso who first told me about Marcos. "Marcos just came out on TV," he said. "He's still here, you know. It isn't true that he has left. Can you get in touch with the general?" So I called up Major Razon by radio and I told him the news. He said, "Okay, we're going back in."
MBS TV 4, BOHOL AVE.
- Santiago talked to the station's security officer, a certain Col.
Ronas, and tried to persuade him to abandon the station and stop the
airing of President Marcos's Sunday night message. Ronas however said
he and his men would not leave but defend it.
LUIS D. BELTRAN - 8:38
A.M. Events were overtaking every effort of newspapermen to report the
flow of news... The Filipino people were either completely informed
or misinformed depending on which radio station or which TV channel
you were hearing or watching.
Eggie Apostol: It was like a circus. The unexpected was there all the time and of course there was the thrill of being mentioned as going to be put into prison. We had to keep looking at our backs. At the same time we were so angry that I think the outrage was stronger than the feeling of danger.
MENDIOLA, MANILA, Early
Morning - Apparently brought by rumors that Marcos had fled the country,
several hundred people gathered near Mendiola Bridge, only to find the
usual dense row of barricades still in place, along with combat-ready
Marines wearing white armbands.
CAMP AGUINALDO - Soldiers
of opposing sides were in plain view of one another, with nobody having
the desire to shoot at the "enemy."
MBS TV CHANNEL 4, 9:15
AM - Marcos went on the air. Imelda and daughter Irene were seated a
little to his right. Grandson Borgy was running all over the place.
Bongbong emerged later, dressed in fatigues.
CAMP CRAME - Enrile and
Ramos were about to hold a press conference. Civilians as well as reporters
were crammed into the pressroom.
Nagkagulo na! Pinatakbo 'yung isa para sabihin sa mga taong 'wag
Enrile checked and learned that Marcos was indeed still in Malacañang. He instructed Gen. Ramos to send a team "to take over Channel 4." In the meantime he sent a helicopter group "to fly over Malacañang and hit the area with rockets." His order was not to hit the Palace itself "because we do not want to harm the President." QUARTET p. 85
Fidel Ramos: Of course we were very disappointed to hear that Mr. Marcos was still in Malacañang. I told everybody, "Well, we just have to go back to work." First we dispatched teams to try to capture or control Channel 4 which was being used to beam the messages of Mr. Marcos. Then we proceeded with the planned action against Malacañang.
9:00 AM - Gen. Josephus Ramas gave Balbas and his Marines the
"kill order." With his artillery ready to fire at pointblank
range, Balbas lied to Ramas. "We are still positioning the
cannons and we are looking for maps."
Balbas tried to contact Tadiar to check if Ramas's order was really cleared by Marcos. Balbas was told Tadiar had gone to Malacañang. He tried to reach Brawner but nobody knew where Brawner was. BREAKAWAY p. 77
MBS TV CHANNEL 4 - President
Marcos said that the government's "maximum tolerance" policy
had been lifted. The government would now defend all installations,
including communications, and freedom of the air, so that the government
could operate more smoothly.
CAMP AGUINALDO, 9:20 AM - Ramas again barked the command through the radio: "Colonel, fire your howitzers now!" Balbas replied, "Sir, I am still positioning the cannons." BREAKAWAY p. 77
EDSA - Frantic efforts got the people back to the barricades. This time, millions took to the streets. Sun Inq Mag 1 Jun
Until now, marami ang nagsasabi, 'June, propaganda lahat 'yon,
nagpagamit ka lang.' Sabi nila, at that specific time when I
announced the news na umalis na si Marcos, kakaunti ang tao sa
EDSA. Marami ang natakot lumabas dahil nagti-teargas na sa Libis.
Pero, on hearing the news of Marcos's departure, nagsidatingan
na lahat ng tao. The crowd not only doubled, but tripled. And
then came the news na hindi pa nakakaalis si Marcos. And so these
people daw were trapped in EDSA to become a bigger buffer force
between the Marcos military and the rebels.
Fidel Ramos: I think it was a comedy of errors, really. I cannot claim credit for deliberately creating that situation. I do admit having used propaganda techniques for the purpose of enhancing the morale of the people while demoralizing the elements hostile to us. But in this particular case, we were on the receiving end of the news. Pina-verify pa nga namin. Siguro there were clear signs of departure or retreat.
MBS TV CHANNEL 4 - In
the middle of Marcos's presscon, Gen. Ver requested the President's
permission to attack Camp Crame. However Mr. Marcos restrained Ver.
"My order is not to attack." He added though that "if
any attempt is made to take over any military installation," Ver
and all military commanders were to defend their personnel and installations
with small-arms fire.
CAMP AGUINALDO - After
frantic efforts with the telephone, Balbas finally got connected with
Tadiar who was at the Community Hall in Malacañang Park with
CAMP CRAME - Major Charles Hotchkiss's 20th Air Commando Squadron of the 15th Strike Wing got its first mission: cripple the Malacañang radio transmitter. One Sikorsky gunship was sent up. Ibid.
Fidel Ramos: We also continued that morning to gather more units to our side. The 5th Fighter Wing finally declared for the Enrile-Ramos forces, as well as Clark Air Base under Col. Romy David. It was not all propaganda. Especially when I was reporting about important units of combat forces defecting to us, that wasn't propaganda. When I said we now have the 12 regional commands of the PC-INP-countrywide 'yan-I had first verified that with each of them or, if they were not around, with their deputy commanders. When it was about military defections, there was a basis in truth and reality for what we were saying. Because when there is a crisis, you cannot use propaganda, you cannot use bola, kailangan talagang nakausap mo sila, talagang nangako sila na susuportahan ka. Kung nambobola ka lang, lalong hindi ka nila susuportahan.
CAMP CRAME - The gunship
returned within minutes. The pilot could not see the transmitter.
- Tadiar met with Gen. Ver who told him that Marcos indeed approved
the fire order.
Alex Sembrano: It was mostly psychological warfare. Like with Col. Balbas-General Ramos asked his relatives, his wife and children, to call Col. Balbas and tell him that they were in EDSA. That's why Balbas couldn't pull the trigger.
MBS TV COMPOUND - Following
an exchange of gunfire a demonstrator waving a yellow Cory banner crossed
the street and scaled the wall of the compound. At this juncture, a
wounded Army man came out from the compound signalling the surrender
of troops outside the building. Bulletin
CHANNEL 4, 9:56 AM - Marcos was still on. As he was about to answer a reporter's question of how he was in control, the television screen blacked out. Malaya Sunday Mag 23 Mar
Fidel Ramos: The capture of Channel 4 was effected by then Major Rudy Aguinaldo who became governor of Cagayan, assisted by my senior aide, Major Sonny Razon. And on the streets they were supported by people power organized by Col. Mar Santiago, who used to be chief of the Land Transportation Office. In a sense, the false alarm turned out to be a good thing because it spurred us to greater actions. Like taking over as much of the media as possible.
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Marcos was visibly disturbed although he continued with the presscon as if nothing happened. Information Minister Gregorio Cendana was less composed as he fiddled around with the television's channel selector. His face dropped as he saw that all other channels except 4 were on the air. Inquirer 28 Feb
MALACAÑANG PARK, 10:00 AM - The Presidential helicopters landed in the Pangarap complex across the river from the Palace. The Air Force group was composed of five pilots and four soldiers. QUARTET p. 62
NAGTAHAN SIDE, MALACANANG,
10:15 AM - Marines and Presidential Security Command troopers in full
battle gear kept cocking their automatic rifles as a crowd of about
3,000 began inching towards Malacanang.
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Tommy Manotoc received a call from JUSMAG's Brig. Gen. Ted Allen who offered American helicopters or navy boats to transport the ailing Marcos and his entourage out of the beleaguered Palace. MALACAÑANG p. 148
OVERHEAD - Evangelista's
gunship popped up behind the Manila Post Office, and in seconds was
poised to fire at the palace.
CAMP AGUINALDO - Balbas
got a "frantic call" from Col. Irwin Ver, Commander of the
Palace Guard, ordering a "full attack" on the rebels. Lying
boldly, Ver said the Palace was hit and they suffered 10 casualties.
MBS TV COMPOUND - The Reformists and their supporters formed ad hoc committees. Tony Santos for production, Fr. Efren Datu for radio, Orly Punzalan for TV, Judge Gutierrez for accreditation, and Jose Mari Velez for news. Malaya Sun Mag 13 Apr
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Presidential Press Staff head Lito Gorospe was forced to phonepatch Marcos with crony-owned Broadcast City housing Channels 2, 9, and 13. From his home Gorospe held together two telephone headpieces, Marcos on one line, Broadcast City on the other. But Gorospe had a partyline who lifted the phone all of a sudden. And a giggly girl's voice went on the air: "Hello? Hello? Who's this?" Inquirer 28 Feb
CAMP AGUINALDO - Another
order came from Ramas to fire the howitzers and mortars at Crame. Balbas
came back with a familiar tune. "Sir, we are looking for maps and
positioning the cannons and mortars."
CAMP CRAME - Gador of the Cagayan 100 intercepted the message about Oropesa's going to Camp Aguinaldo. Op. cit., p. 84
MALACANANG PALACE, 11:30
AM - Sgt. Reginaldo Albano received a document signed by Marcos, addressed
11:45 AM - Radio Veritas began broadcasting with MBS 4 facilities. Maan Hontiveros sent a note to Col. Santiago, who was inside the compound, that she and a technical TV crew were ready to help start up telecasting on the newly liberated MBS 4. Ibid.
- The helicopter crews were getting restless. They expected to fly out
the President and his family but no orders came. They consulted their
commander who was a relative of Mrs. Marcos. He said they could do whatever
they wanted: stay in Malacañang, retire to Villamor, or go over
to Crame. The commander assured them that their names had already been
submitted to Crame so they would not be harmed there.
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Watching the President grope from hallway to bedroom, Aruiza realized that the momentum of events was now too swift for the President's reflexes. The gloom of dusk seemed to have descended on his mind; through this fog, the reality of conflict and danger at times broke, a pin of light touched his consciousness long enough to provoke a spark of alertness and a flash of the old will power. Then the medicines brought their peculiar twilight again, and the calm and contentment of his bedroom filled his ailing body once more. He could not have, even if he wanted to, reacted except languidly to the mounting peril. MALACAÑANG pp. 127-8
Sonny Razon: By this time we had civilians with us who had radios and were monitoring the frequency of Gen. Ver. There was this general whom Gen. Ramas ordered: 'Get the helicopters from Villamor, pick up the Rangers, and proceed to Camp Aguinaldo.' One of us suggested that we beat them to the helicopters in Villamor.
CAMP CRAME, 12:00 NOON - Sotelo dispatched three gunships. "Look for helicopters, Huey or whatever, anywhere in the air or on the ground, and shoot them. Business Day 12 Mar
The three helicopters
flew over Bonifacio. There was no helicopter on the ground there. They
then turned to Villamor. There were five helicopters aligned at the
flight line with crew obviously preparing the aircraft.
CAMP AGUINALDO - Balbas
received a call and instructions from Tadiar. "Establish a modus
vivendi with the hostile forces. Tell them you are withdrawing. Then
take your unit back to Bonifacio right away."
Kausap ko sina Armida nung dumating ang misis ko, nag-donate
ng bigas, at para kumustahin ako. Sabi ko, mukhang OK naman,
hindi delikado pag araw. Ang feeling ko nga, nakakaistorbo pa
ako sa mga tao, pag nakikita nila ako, nagkakagulo na, humihingi
ng kanta, e halos wala pa 'kong tulog. Sabi ko, babalik na lang
ako mamayang gabi.
Rose Marie Arenas: We were praying with the nuns. The priests were saying mass here, mass there. There were trucks coming in with lots of coffee and food, tons and tons of food, and more barricades.
1:00 PM - Ver gave secret orders to Piccio to launch an air attack on
Crame. Piccio replied, "But, sir, we have no more gunships. They
have just been destroyed."
MBS-4 - Tito Cruz, a
senior newscaster of Radio Veritas recalled the moment he stepped foot
inside the radio station. "It was so dark . When I entered the
booth I had to use my lighter to see the right switches."
THE NEW CHANNEL 4,
1:25 PM - "Channel 4 is back on the air to serve the people. Now
you will get the truth from this channel." With these words Orly
Punzalan inaugurated the New Channel 4.
BOHOL AVENUE - The people sprang into action to defend the new-found freedom of the airwaves. Metro Manila Transit buses were immediately commissioned into the service as barricades at crucial entry points to the facilities. A milling crowd maintained barricades for the next 34 hours, many barricaders shunting back and forth from Bohol Avenue to the Crame area. Ibid.
LIBIS, 2:00 PM - A jeepload and a truckload of Philippine Marines
screeched to a halt in front of a human barricade of 200 boys
and girls from the Ateneo University. The Marines demanded to
pass to assault Camp Crame. The kids-of high school and college
age-shook their heads and refused to budge. They pleaded with
the soldiers to go back, or else join the revolution. Stand-off.
2:00 PM - In Doy Laurel's residence, the Batasan members continued
the plans for putting up a new government. Cory Aquino joined
the group as did Guingona and Palma.
PALACE, About 3 PM - Ambassador Peter Sung of Singapore called
with an urgent message from his government to the president.
Singapore was offering President Marcos its hospitality and inviting
him and his family to fly there.
EDSA, 3:00 PM - An overflowing crowd filled up EDSA from Cubao to Ortigas Avenue, the Santolan Road from San Juan up to Libis, Murphy, and all subsidiary streets surrounding Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame. Bulletin 25 Feb
People power was still at its greatest-in power and intensity-as more than two million people converged on the Cubao area to Greenhills and the vicinity of Ortigas to Antipolo to protect Enrile, Ramos, and other officials. Op. cit.
Fidel Ramos: Regarding the number of people who were in EDSA, this is where there was a little exaggeration because we were encouraging the people to come and to stay.
BARRICADES - The sights were a near-surreal melange of burning tires,
activist flags, and streamers, tents, vendors, sandbags, vehicles, portable
radios, candles, percussionists marching to the Ati-Atihan beat, foreign
correspondents, entertainment personalities trying to catch attention
with cheap gimmicks, and religious altars everywhere.
THE NEW CHANNEL 4 - In came the superstars, the not-so stars, the propagandists of Cory. The station became a Cory-Enrile-Ramos propaganda machine non-stop 24 hours. Ibid.
turned up en masse: stars, telephone receptionists, food brigades,
technicians, cameramen, many abandoning posts at the other TV
and radio stations where the Marcos grip refused to relax.
Afternoon Ramos and Enrile were watching the first television
boradcast over Channel 4. They applauded when a military officer
explained why soldiers should pledge their allegiance to the
PALACE, 3:00 PM - Ochoco called for a conference to plan the
defense of Malacañang and counter-action to regain ground
lost to Enrile and Ramos. The outcome was the organization of
a Malacañang Defense Group with Ochoco as chief, Brawner
as his assistant for operations. The group intended to retake
television and radio stations already in rebel hands.
Ver directed Col. Romeo Ochoco of the Air Force to arrange for the evacuation of his close friend, Mrs. Edna Camcam, and her children. Op. cit., p. 88
Mrs. Brawner called up her husband, exerted pressure on him to join the other side, reported that Commodore Tagumpay Jardiniano and some other PMA classmates were already in Camp Crame. Op. cit., p. 90
7, QUEZON CITY - A group of Army men on board a truck and jeep
swooped down on Channel 7, a television station located a few
blocks away from MBS 4. The Army group, estimated at 30 men led
by Lt. Leo Carisa, secured the compound which houses Channel
7, DWLS-FM and several radio stations. Carisa said they were
ordered to secure the Channel 7 compound to stop it from broadcasting
PALACE - Col. Romeo Lim phoned Brawner from Ranger headquarters
to report a "serious morale problem" among the troops.
Brawner asked for permission to go to his headquarters. Ver declined.
Brawner called up Ramas. Ramas said he would consult with Marcos.
After 10 minutes, Ver told Brawner he could go but he should
convince his boys to do their duty.
Rene Cruz: It really felt like a miracle was happening. Soldiers not firing even when ordered to, my own children and wife out in EDSA and actually enjoying it, and the weather so nice and cool throughout the four days.
My children and the older grandchildren were all at EDSA.
Not always together, but for the next three days they would just
go home to have lunch or dinner and then go back to the highway
on their own.
Joe Almonte: If there was any in RAM that really planned on violence, it was our group, a small group. The miracle is that the plans we put up did not happen. As Gen. Ramos would say, EDSA must have been scripted in heaven. We were only acting out what the Lord, as commander-in-chief, must have wanted to happen. On the part of the people, everything was spontaneous, no one commanded anyone to stand before a tank, but they did, voluntarily.
Rose Marie Arenas: You could see that there was that sharing going on with Filipinos in that four days' ordeal. We can be good if we want to be good, religious if we want to be religious, and spiritual, very spiritual. Everybody was receiving holy communion, praying together, and my tears were going down my cheeks, because when you hear men praying and singing, parang it's so touching, more than the girls, 'no?
MBS RADYO PILIPINO, 3:55 PM - For the first time in almost three years, Bayan Ko was played on the government radio station. Hearing the patriotic song sent shivers down our spines. It was hard to believe that the Fiipino classic, which had been banned from the airlanes by the Office of Media Affairs because it was considered an "opposition song," was now being played over DWIM, now called Radyo Pilipino. Manila Times 26 Feb
GMA CHANNEL 7 - Inday Badiday was ordered to sign off. When she and the rest of the Channel 7 crew marched out of the buildings, they found a huge crowd of citizens already setting up barricades around the grounds. Mr & Ms 7 Mar
MANDALUYONG - In a
closed-door meeting of Opposition leaders at the residence of former
Speaker Jose B. Laurel . Malaya
Fidel Ramos: There were constant meetings between Minister Enrile and Mrs. Aquino's representatives. There was talk of a provisional kind of government, a junta, if you want to call it that, consisting mostly of civilians and a few from the military to run the government temporarily, assuming that we won. But we left all that planning to Minister Enrile. We in the military weren't too concerned at the time about what our role would be. We left that in the hands of civilian leaders.
EDSA / ORTIGAS, Afternoon
- Mrs. Corazon Aquino emerged for the first time since Saturday. There
was clamor during the weekend for Mrs. Aquino's visible presence to
inspire the thousands of people who had trooped to and held vigil around
CORAZON AQUINO: "We
have recovered our freedoms, our rights, and our dignity with much courage
and, we thank God, with little blood. I enjoin the people to keep the
spirit of peace as we remove the last vestiges of tyranny, to be firm
and compassionate. Let us not, now that we have won, descend to the
level of the evil forces we have defeated.
Cory Aquino: I had already said on Radio Veritas that I would be going to EDSA. For security reasons I did not announce the specific time. Anyway, it was Peping and my security who decided that POEA would be the best and safest place for me, so that's where I went Up to now, I think, Johnny Ponce Enrile disputes that I was there. But there were so many priests and nuns there. And I had sung again the "Our Father." But we didn't stay long, at the most maybe 15, 20 minutes. It was really fast, because it had been impressed upon me that if something happened to me there, it would really be very bad. I was really prepared to do whatever was necessary, but they said, no, no, it's important that you stay alive.
MANDALUYONG, 4:30 PM
- A provisional government was set up immediately after Aquino and Laurel
were proclaimed. Malaya
4:30 PM - Ver and Ramas decided to launch a final "suicide assault"
on the rebels. Veritas
US EMBASSY - Through their intelligence network the Embassy learned of the plan and flashed the news to Washington. Veritas Special Oct 86
THE WHITE HOUSE, 6:00 PM (Manila Time) - President Reagan was awakened by his National Security advisor, Admiral Poindexter. Reagan finally agreed to publicly call on Marcos to resign. Ibid.
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Tadiar summoned all his staff officers and unit commanders, and called for a consensus. The consensus: the Marines would no longer take part in military operations that would result in the unnecessary death or wounding of innocent civilians. There were no objections to defensive operations for the protection of the President. BREAKAWAY p. 89
FORT BONIFACIO - Brig. Gen. Ramon Cannu told Brawner to talk to his men at once because they were unwilling to go on a mission directed by Marcos. Brawner summoned all the Ranger officers and told them he had made up his mind not to comply with that mission order either. He warned them that this decision should not be known to adjacent units because they could move against the Rangers. He asked the officers to explain the situation to their men. Op. cit., p. 90
ARMY CONFERENCE ROOM
- Tadiar attended discussions on the new plan to attack Crame as ordered
by Marcos. The plan was to use elements of the 42nd Infantry Battalion
from Quezon province and elements of the Marines for an assault on Crame.
The route to be taken from Bonifacio to the objective was Nagtahan-Greenhills-Santolan.
A reconnaisance team was sent out to try the route. It came back with
the report that hundreds of thousands of people were barricading the
way. Civilian casualties could not be avoided. Ramas and Oropesa asked
Abadia for his recommendation. Abadia was for informing Marcos that
the plan was not feasible. Marcos agreed but asked that other options
Fidel Ramos: The other side had a lot of guns but, because the particular situation was a little different from what they had been expecting, they weren't able to respond right away; they took a while adjusting to the new situation. De kahon kasi kung mag-isip. Kami naman dito, como very fluid 'yung situation namin, we had to think fast, plan fast, and act fast.
CAMP CRAME - Roman Cruz
Jr.'s letter of resignation from his position as chairman of the nation's
flag carrier, Philippine Air Lines, and from all his other government
positions, dated February 23, was brought by PAL Executive Vice-President
EDSA, Late Afternoon
- Hundreds of thousands of people cruised past one another, passing
by still-bigger stationary crowds. In front of the Crame gate, Fr. Frederick
Fermin, OP, former rector of UST, megaphone in hand, was talking to
UST people seated and cordoned off. "We are very fortunate that
Mr. Marcos is NOT an alumnus of UST..." This, as other university
groups (Ateneo Law, San Beda undergrads, Maryknoll Sisters, etc.) huddled
in their own spots.
Cory Aquino: Somehow it took the lawyers so long to prepare my oath of office. It was a question of whom do I pledge allegiance to? Finally they decided that it would be to the fundamental law of the land. I remember waiting. When we returned from POEA, it was finally ready. But then, I was saying, I don't want to take my oath when it's dark because we will also be endangering the lives of the people. I said we'd just do it on Tuesday.
Joe Alejandro: I was going back and forth, EDSA and Alabang. I was most impressed by the crowd in EDSA . Everybody followed instructions. At the same time everybody was taking the initiative. You go to EDSA, if you're seen with a knife, you're thrown out. It was as peaceful as that. Yet in all that seeming confusion, you could drive your car in and people would give way. It was a very orderly crowd.
Rose Marie Arenas: We would go home once in a while. The first time we went home we had to make pakiusap to both the rebels and the government to please let us pass because there's a baby in the back. So it was sort of my small son who helped us get through to go home. And then pagbalik, we said the baby has to go back, our relatives are inside, the brothers and sisters are there; they were all very nice, no one was impolite.
Rene Cruz: The whole four days, there was no report of pickpocketing, no mugging, no untoward incident.
Jose Almonte: After EDSA this guy asked me to write him a commendation. I asked what his contribution to EDSA was. He said he was there with his camera, taking pictures. I said, let me see some pictures. He said he had none. I said, why not, if he was there taking pictures? He said, "Sir, because I had no film." So I said, how can you say you were taking pictures if you had no film? "It's like this, sir," he explained, "I pretended to take pictures of the pickpockets I knew so they wouldn't pick pockets." Not that it was necessary. Did anyone lose anything in EDSA? No. But this guy was there to make sure it did not happen. I gave him a very good commendation.
THE NEW CHANNEL 4, 6:00 PM - Live from Camp Crame Enrile and Ramos held a press conference attended by local and foreign media representatives. They announced an "almost complete" takeover and control of the New Armed Forces of the People. Ramos said the Strike Wing's defection was followed by that of the entire naval force led by Commodore Tagumpay Jardiniano; the enitre 5th Figher Wing at the Basa Air Base in Pampanga; also the 800-strong command at the Clark Air Base led by Col. Romeo David. "These render the loyalists practically without air and naval strength." Bulletin 25 Feb
WASHINGTON, D.C., 7:30
PM - The United States endorsed the provisional government of Mrs. Corazon
Aquino, abandoning a 20-year ally in Mr. Marcos for the sake of a "peaceful
transition" in the Philippines.
Jose Almonte: Our objectives were totally non-political. We were not angling for any political position. We were not after money or power. All we wanted was for a new government to give the people their due. We agreed that after the action we would all go back to our own small tasks."
USA - Blas Ople talked to Marcos by telephone. The Philippine President was angry that while his Palace was being threatened and his television station taken over, the US was telling him not to defend himself. He told Ople that Mrs. Marcos was there beside him and "she doesn't want to leave." Time 10 Mar
MALACAÑANG PALACE - Arrangements were made for a televised interview with the President on Channel 9. Retired Brig. Gen. Pacifico Lopez de Leon was sent out for this chore. Cendana did not invite any reporter to cover the event. Explained an aide of Cendana: "The President does not want to talk with the press corps any more. He does not want them to see how empty the Palace is." BREAKAWAY p. 94
CHANNELS 2, 9, 13 -
Three television stations phonepatched Marcos from Malacañang
Sunday Mag 23 Mar
8:10 PM - Marcos appeared live on TV with Mrs. Marcos, son Bongbong, daughter Imee, and grandchildren. "All of us in Malacañang are dressed and prepared for any eventuality," Marcos said as the camera panned to Bongbong at the sidelines who was wearing a military fatigue uniform. Op. cit.
The President called
on loyal followers to report to the Mendiola Street barricade near Malacañang
to enlist and be issued firearms or call him by telephone or come to
his inauguration at the Palace tomorrow.
Ruther Batuigas asked him if he was imposing curfew and he replied, "Well, now that you mention it, I hereby declare curfew all over the country from 6 PM to 6 AM effective tonight." Malaya Sunday Mag 23 Mar
Fidel Ramos: We also continued to counter with our own version every item of information or any announcement coming from Malacanang. We made sure we dominated the information and propaganda war.
THE NEW CHANNEL 4 - Dissident Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile appeared on TV to tell the people to ignore Mr. Marcos's orders because he was an "illegal President." Manila Times 25 Feb
were frenziedly contacting colleagues from the KBL, inviting them to
attend a special session of the Batasang Pambansa to reconsider the
legislature's proclamation of President Marcos as winner in the February
7 special Presidential election.
WACK WACK, MANDALUYONG
- A much smaller group than the Batasan's met at the residence of Cory's
relative. Present, aside from the President-elect and Vice President-elect,
were LABAN President Jovy Salonga, Aquino spokesmen Rene Saguisag and
Teddy Locsin Jr., and adviser Jaime Ongpin.
A contentious issue between Mrs. Aquino and the Enrile-Ramos group was where to hold her inauguration. Three groups of Aquino advisers said it should take place at Club Filipino, claiming it was there that the first Filipino women's organization was formed during the Spanish regime. Enrile wanted it at the multi-purpose hall of Camp Crame, the rebel headquarters, citing security problems if they left the camp. The politicians, however, could not accept the idea of a new President sworn in inside a military camp. Asiaweek 9 Mar
Fidel Ramos: Some of us wanted to hold the inauguration in Crame, of course, because that was where most of the action had taken place. But others preferred that it be held in Club Filipino. The majority prevailed.
8:30 or 9:00 PM - The group disbanded. Before then, the appointments of Doy Laurel as Prime Minister, Juan Ponce Enrile as Defense Minister, and Fidel Ramos as Chief of Staff had been made. Inquirer 26 Feb
- Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Ramon Aquino and his son had dinner
with the Marcos girls, Imee and Irene, and their husbands. Imee talked
about the Metro Pop. Irene made plans to go out with her music crowd.
Bongbong Marcos was dressed in fatigues and relished it. "Feel
na feel ko ang get-up ko ngayon," he told the Aquinos.
Rose Marie Arenas: My friend Francis Lee who owns two or three Chinese restaurants was cooking and cooking. So was my cook who makes the best siopao and siomai. We were also delivering food to the relatives of General Ramos in Alabang and to the nuns and the crowd who had gathered outside the house. I even talkedto Ming.
DOWNTOWN MANILA - The curfew crowds roaming all over downtown Manila as well as the wide-open fleshpots of the tourist belt were just as large as the hordes of concerned citizens manning EDSA and Santolan and Ortigas, not to mention the equally militant sectors of San Rafael and Mendiola and Legarda and the Sta. Mesa rotonda. QUARTET p. 70
Ming Ramos: People kept coming. We prepared coffee for them but they said not to worry. And people kept sending food. They thought we didn't have any. There was so much food, our youngest daughter Margie gained a few pounds.
Margie Ramos: There were sandwiches, doughnuts, spaghetti, hamburgers, juice, all sorts of food. What a waste if you just stare at it, 'di ba?
- Inside Channel 4 are numerous military men to secure the place,
plus hordes of media men, entertainers and kibitzers who know
when opportunity strikes. There are going to be new shows, new
bosses, new opportunities. After a day of power, there are also
signs of new Ronnies and new Ritas. Worse yet are the self-appointed
Before Edsa 1965-1986: Marcos Times
NEXT: Day Four