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Family Rutaceae
Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Lai meng

Scientific names   Common names 
Citrus x acida Pers. Bilolo (Tag.) 
Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle Dalaya (Ibn.) 
Citrus x davaoensis (Wester) Yu.Tanaka Dalayap (Ilk., Pamp., P. Bis.) 
Citrus x excelsa Wester Dayap (Tag.)
Citrus x javanica Blume Dulugot (Neg.) 
C. lima  Lunan Gorong-gorong (Ilk.) 
Citrus x macrophylla Wester Gugulo (If.) 
Citrus x notissima Blanco Muyong (Bon.) 
Citrus x papaya Hassk. Sua (Bik.) 
Citrus x pseudolimonum Wester. Lime (Engl.) 
Citrus x spinosissima  G.Mey. Sour lime (Engl.)
Limonia aurantifolia Christm.  
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
ARABIC : Limah, Limoo.
ASSAMESE: Nemutênga.
BENGALI : Kaghzinimbu, Lebu, Patinebu.
CHINESE: Lai meng, Lu meng, Fei lu bi ning meng, Suan ning meng.
DANISH : Lime.
DUTCH : Lemmetje, Limoen.
FINNISH : Floridan limetti, Limetti.
FRENCH : Citronnier gallet, Limette acide, Limettier, Lime mexicaine.
GERMAN: Limettenbaum, Limettenzitrone, Saure Limette.
GUJARATI : Khatalimbu, Khattalimbu.
HINDI: Jambhiirii, Lemuu, Liimuu, Neebuu, Nimbu, Nimbuu, Kagzi nimbuu, Kagzi nimboo, Kagzi nimbu.
ITALIAN : Lima acida, Lima, Limetta mexicana.
JAPANESE: Raimu, Remon riaru (as C. excelsa).
KANNADA : Limbe, Limbe hannu, Nimbe, imbe hannu, Suṇṇa.
MALAY : Limau nipis, Limau neepis, Limau asam (Malaysia), Jeruk neepis, Jeruk nipis (Indonesia).
MALAYALAM : Erumichinarakam.
MARATHI: Ambatanimbu, Limbu, Mavalanga.
PORTUGUESE : Limão-ácida, Limão-galêgo, Limeira.
RUSSIAN: Laim, Laim nastoiashchii kislyi.
SANSKRIT: Matulunga, Nimbukah, Jambhiir.
SPANISH : Lima ácida, Lima chica, Lima gallega, Limero, Limón agrio, Limón ceutí, Limón chiquito, Limón común, Limón corriente, Limón criollo, Limón de pica, Limón sutil.
TAMIL: Campalam, Campiram, Elumiccai, Elumichai.
TELUGU: Nimma, Nima.
THAI: Manao.
URDU: Limu.
VIETNAMESE : Chanh ta.

Dayap is a small tree or shrub, 2 to 4 meters high, smooth throughout, branching with slender, solitary, sharp spines 1 centimeter or less. Leaves are oblong-ovate to elliptic-ovate, 4 to 6 centimeters long. Petioles are 1 to 1.5 centimeters long, and narrowly winged. Racemes are short and axillary, bearing few flowers which are white and fragrant. Petals are 4, oblong, 10 to 12 millimeters long. The fruit is almost spherical, 3 to 5 centimeters in diameter, yellow, thin-skinned, 10-celled or more.

- Planted throughout the Philippines in settled areas.
- Native of the Indo-Malayan region.
- Now pantropic.

- Lime juice in the West Indies contains 7.0 to 7.55 citric acid with small amounts of malic acid and tartaric acids, sugar up to 2.5%, pectin, and small amounts of salts.
- Pulp yields 4.24% sugar; 0.66% ash, and the juice yields citric acid, 7.67%; vitamin C.
- Methanol extract yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins saponins, steroids, cardiac glycosides, and reducing sugars. (17)
- Essential oil yielded major constituents of limonene (58.4%), beta-pinene (15.4%) gamma-terpinene (8.5%), and citral (4.4%). (see study below) (19)

- Juice is regarded as antiseptic, tonic, antiscorbutic, astringent, diuretic.
- Root bark is febrifuge.

Parts utilized
Fruit, roots, bark, rind.

Edibility / Nutritional
- Makes a pleasant ade.
- Used as substitute for true lemon.
- Good source of vitamin C.
- In Malaya, the young dayap is preserved in syrup.
- Malays salt the fruit or preserve it in vinegar for use as pickle.
- In the Cordilleras, used to treat nausea, headache, fainting, malaria, and sore throat.
- Nausea and fainting: Squeeze rind near nostril for irritant inhalation.
- Decoction of roots used for dysentery; root-bark as febrifuge.
- Crushed leaves applied to forehead for headaches.
- Leaf decoction for eyewash and to bathe a feverish patient.
- Mouthwash and gargle for sore throat and thrush.
- Decoction of pounded leaves, with leaves of Areca catechu, drunk for stomachache.
- Externally, fresh juice is used to clean wounds; roasted, for chronic sores.
- Juice used for irritation and swelling of mosquito bites.
- Poultice of leaves applied to ulcer wounds.
- Lime oil extracted by steam distillation of the fruit rinds used for colds, sore throats, bronchitis, asthma.
- Used for arthritis, obesity, cellulite and as tonic and astringent.
- Malays sip the fruit juice as a remedy for coughs.
- In Senegal and Sierra Leone, juice, sometimes mitigated by being mixed with oil, used as vermifuge.
- Poultice of leaves for skin diseases or on the abdomen after childbirth.
- In Malaya, root decoction used for dysentery.
- In Yucatan, root decoction used for gonorrhea.
- In southwest Nigeria, roots, bark, stem, twigs, leaves and fruit used in treatment of malaria.
- In Pakistan, Northern Ethiopia, and Nigeria, plant and fruit used in the treatment of hypertension and other cardiac problems. (17)

- As fumigant, steaming brew of leaves under the blanket.
- Aromatherapy

Essential oils / Antifungal:
Study on essential oils of three varieties of C. aurantifolia showed the plant to be very rich in monoterpenes, with limonene its major compound. The three extracts showed fungicidal inhibiting action to Phaeoramularia angolensis and presents an alternative to chemical fungicides used for Citrus fruit crops. (1)
Antiproliferative / Anti-cancer:
Study of in vitro effects of several concentrations of lime juice (CLJ) showed significant inhibition of proliferation of human breast carcinoma cell line and assumes that protein components of the CLJ extract may have anti-proliferative effects on tumor cell lines. (2)
Antimicrobial: Study investigating the antibacterial effects of two plants extracts showed Citrus aurantifolia showing promising broad spectrum antibacterial effects on human pathogens. (3)
Antimicrobial: Antimicrobial study of bitter leaf (V. amygdalina) extract and lime (Citrus aurantifolia) juice against five organisms concluded both are potential antimicrobial agents. (11)
Antiaflatoxigenic: The essential oils of we medicinal plants were studied for its inhibition of the toxigenic fungus Aspergillus parasiticus. Citrus aurantifolia was found to inhibit both A. parasiticus and aflatoxin production. The study suggests some medicinal plants may be potential candidates for protection of food and feeds from toxigenic fungus growth and subsequent AF contamination. (4)
Antiproliferative / Colon Cancer Prevention: Study of the lime volatile oil of CA yielded 22 compounds, D-limonene, D-dihydrocarvone among the major compounds. The oil showed 78% inhibition of human colon cancer cells, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis induction, results that suggested potential antiproliferative benefits in colon cancer prevention.
Nephrolithiasis: Consumption of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle in idiopathic calcium renal stone with hypocitraturia increased the urine volume, pH level and total citrate value, total potassium and decreased the calcium ration to urine citrate with consequent decrease of renal stone recurrence. (6)
Fertility Effects: Lime juice causes irregularity of the estrous cycle, partially blocks ovulation, and may possibly compromise fertility. (7)
Toxicity Studies: Acute and subchronic toxicity studies of water extract from roots of Citrus aurantifolia in rats showed no signs of toxicity and no significant histopathological changes in the internal organs. (8)
Weight Reduction / Decreased Food Intake / Limonene: Study investigated the effects of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) essential oils in reducing body weight, alone or in combination with ketotifen, an antihistamine drug that causes weight gain. Lime essential oil treatment displayed a reduction of body weight and food consumption in mice. In combination with ketotifen, there was significant suppression of weight gain, as well as decreased body weight. Oil analysis yielded 22 main components, with limonene (28.27%) as the principal one. (10)
Antioxidant: Study showed both juice and peel demonstrated antioxidant properties. In contrast to lime peel, excessive consumption of lime juice seems not to be beneficial and may be harmful because of an inadvertent U dose response. (12)
Antimicrobial: Study evaluated the antimicrobial potency of fruit plant (juice of the fruit and burnt rind known as "epa-ijebu") and the oil from steam distillation of the fruit. Study showed the antimicrobial potency of lime fruit is enhanced by the type of solvent used (ex: Schnapps or palm wine), indicating that active ingredients for antimicrobial and antifungal effect are released in conjunction with a particular solvent. (14)
Antioxidant / Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity: Study evaluated the antioxidant capacity and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activity of peel essential oils from three Citrus species. Study yielded essential oils limonene, a-pinene, ß-pinene, y-terpinene, and linalyl acetate. C. aurantifolia oil showed the highest radical scavenging activity on ABTS assay and inhibited AChE more selectively. (15)
Hypocholesterolemic: Study evaluated the effects of C. aurantifolia peel essential oil on serum cholesterol and triglycerides in Wistar rats. Results showed significant decrease in cholesterol and suggest a potential for cardiovascular risk reduction in humans. (16)
Cardiovascular Effects / Fruits: Study evaluated the antihypertensive effect on three experimental hypertensive models in rats. Results showed the methanol extract of C. aurantifolia produces hypotensive and anti-hypertensive effect. (17)
Spasmolytic Effect / Essential Oil: Study of essential oil of fruits (limes) showed spasmolytic effects on isolated rabbit jejenum, aorta and uterus. Activity was attributed to its major constituents:limonene, beta-pinene, gamma-terpinene, and citral. (see constituents above) (19)
Antibacterial: In a study of eleven medicinal plants of the Cordillera Region in the Philippines, four plants showed antibacterial activity: A. dammara, E. triplenerve, C. aurantifolia, and T. diversifolia. C. aurantifolia juice was the most effective with inhibition of E. coli, B. subtilis and S. aureus at lower concentration of 62.5µg/ml. (20)
Antifertility Potential / Partial Blockage of Ovulation / Lime Juice: Study evaluated the effect of lime juice on histomorphological alterations of the ovaries and uterus of cyclic Sprague-Dawley rats. Results showed possible compromise of fertility with reduction of ova shed and irregularity in the histology of the reproductive organs (uterus and ovraies). (21)
Antihypertensive Effect: Study evaluated the effects of an aqueous extract of CA on arterial blood pressure and on isolated heart and aorta activities. Results showed a dose dependent and significant decrease in rabbit blood pressure and both negative inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart contractille activity in albino Wistar rats. Results suggest antihypertensive activity whcih could be related to cardiodepression and vasorelation, and possible activation of the endotheial NOS by the active principles.    (22)
Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Gastric Cancer AGS Cells / Flavonoids: Study evaluated the anti-cancer effect of flavonoids isolated from C. aurantium in human gastric cancer AGS cells. Results showed an antiproliferation effect on AGS cells through both G2/M arrest via modulation of cell-cycle-related proteins, cyclin B1, cdc 2, and cdc 25c and triggering apoptosis via upregulation of caspase-3 activity and cleavage of PARP. (23)
Male Antifertility Effect: Study evaluated the effect of various dosages of CA treatment on fertiity promoters and indices in male albino wistar rats. Results showed antifertility potential wtih significant lowering effects on LH, significant increase in testosterone, significant decrease in motility and sperm morphology. (24)
Anxiolytic Effect on Preoperative Anxiety / Blossoms: A randomized double-blind study of 30 patients evaluated the anxiolytic effect of C. aurantium blossom on preoperative anxiety. Results showed CA blossom may be effective in reducing preoperative anxiety before minor surgery. (25)
Anti-Anxiety Effect / Fluoxetine Potentiation: Study investigated the effect of C. aurantium essential oil on anxiety using anxiety using elevated plus maze test. and its interference with the serotonergic pathway. Results showed CA essential oil can reduce anxeity in male mice, and as evidenced by fluoxetine potentiation the herb may express its effect, in part, via the serotonergic system. (26)
Acute and Subchronic Toxicity Studies / Roots: Study of water extract from the roots of C. aurantifolia in both male and female rats showed no acute or subchronic toxicities. A dose of 1,200 mg/k/d caused a significant increase in liver enzymes within normal range, but no significant histopathological change in internal organs. (27)
Comparative Antioxidant Activity / Ripe and Unripe Fruits: Study
evaluated the in-vitro antioxidant activities of both unripen and ripen C. aurantifolia fruits by DPPH and TAC assay.
Results showed unripe juices showed more antioxidant activity compared to ripen juices. The lower antioxidant activity of ripe fruits may be due to possible reduction in ascorbic acid and total phenolic content during ripening. (28)
Aromatherapy / Blossom Oil During First Stage of Labor: Study evaluated the efficacy of aromatherapy with Citrus aurantium oil in reducing anxiety during first stage of labor. There significant lowering in levels of anxiety at dilation of 3-4 and 6-8 cms with aromatherapy. Results suggest a simple, inexpensive, noninvasive and effective intervention for reducing anxiety during labor. (29)
Additive Antihyperglycemic Effect in Garlic and Lime Combination: Study in STZ-induced diabetic rats showed significant and dose-dependent decrease in plasma glucose levels. (30)
Effect in Paroxetine Induced Hyponatremia: Study evaluated the effect of CA juice in paroxetine induced hyponatremia in albino mice. Results showed hypernatremic effects and reversal of alterations in serum proteins, cholesterol, triglycerides, sodium, potassium and calcium back to normal on treatment with CA juice. (31)
Anthelmintic Against Heligmosomoides Bakeri / Fruit Peels: Study evaluated the in vitro ovicidal and larvicidal properties of extracts of C. aurantifolia fruit on eggs and first stage larvae of Heligmosomoides bakeri. All extracts showed significant anthelmintic effect. (32)
Nephroprotective: Study evaluated the protective role of C. aurantium against gentamicin induced renal damage. Results showed nephroprotective activity attributed to its known flavonoid contents and antioxidant properties. (33)
Prevention of Ketotifen-Induced Weight Gain / Lime Essential Oils: Study evaluated the effects of lime essential oils in reducing body weight, alone or in co-administration with ketotifen, an antihistaminic drug that causes weight gain using a mice model. Results showed lime essential oil plays an important role in weight loss and has the potential in the treatment of drug-induced obesity and related diseases. (34)

Commercial cultivation. 
Extracts, essential oils and supplements in the cybermarket.

Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update November 2015

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE / File:Citrus aurantifolia Mexican Lime.png / T. Voekler / 12 June 2008 / Creative Commons / Wikipedia

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Essential oils of Citrus aurantifolia from Cameroon and their antifungal activity against Phaeoramularia angolensis / P. M. Jazet Dongmo et al / African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 4 (4), pp. 354-358 April, 2009
Effects of concentrated extract on the spontaneous proliferation of MDA-MB-453 and RPMI-8866 tumor cell lines / Phytomedicine, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 475-477 /
In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Crude Extracts of C. aurantifolia and Tithonia diversifolia on Clinical Bacterial Isolates / S. S. Taiwo et al / International Journ of Tropical Med 2(4):113-117,2007
Chemical composition and antiaflatoxigenic activity of Carum carvi L., Thymus vulgaris and Citrus aurantifolia essential oils / Food Control / Vol 20, Issue 11, November 2009, Pages 1018-1024 / doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2008.12.007
Apoptosis-mediated proliferation inhibition of human colon cancer cells by volatile principles of Citrus aurantifolia / Food Chemistry, Volume 114, Issue 4, 15 June 2009, Pages 1351-1358 / doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.11.033

The therapeutic effect of citrus aurantifolia swingle in idiopathic hypocitraturic calcium nephrolithiasis
/ Mochammad S et al / Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran, Volume 39, No. 4, Desember 2007: 199-208
Effect of the Juice of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) on Estrous Cycle and Ovulation of Sprague-Dawley rats / Adeola A Salawu et al / American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists / DOI: 10.4158/EP09017.OR
Acute and subchronic toxicity study of the water extract from root of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. et Panz.) Swingle in rats / Chunlaratthanaphorn S et al / Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., March 2007, 29(Suppl. 1) : 125-139
Sorting Citrus names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne.
Essential oil from Citrus aurantifolia prevents ketotifen-induced weight-gain in mice
/ Asnaashari S, Delazar A, Habibi B, Vasfi R, Nahar L, Hamedeyazdan S, Sarker SD. / Phytother Res. 2010 Dec;24(12):1893-7.
Antimicrobial effect of citrus aurantifolia juice and veronica amygdalina on common bacteria isolates
/ Ojiezeh, T. I., Nwachukwu, S. E and Udoh, S. J. / DER PHARMA CHEMICA, Online Journal for Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Computational Chemistry
Antioxidant effects of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) juice and peel extract on LDL oxidation / Maryam Boshtam, Jamal Moshtaghian et al / J Res Med Sci, 2011; 16(7): 951-955.
Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Properties of Different Parts of Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime Fruit) as Used Locally
/ Ibukun Aibinu,* Tayo Adenipekun, Toyin Adelowotan, Tolu Ogunsanya, and Tolu Odugbemi / Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2007; 4(2): 185–190.
Comparative Study on the Antioxidant Capacity and Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle, C. aurantium L., and C. bergamia Risso and Poit. Peel Essential Oils / Rosa Tundis, Monica Rosa Loizzo, Marco Bonesi, Federica Menichini, Vincenzo Mastellone, Carmela Colica, Francesco Menichini / Journal of Food Science, Volume 77, Issue 1, pages H40–H46, January 2012 / DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02511.x
Effects of Citrus aurantifolia peel essential oil on serum cholesterol levels in Wistar rats / Parichehr Yaghmaie,* Kazem Parivar, Minou Haftsavar / Journal of Paramedical Sciences (JPS) Winter 2011 VOl.2, No.1
Evaluation of Cardiovascular Effects of Citrus Aurantifolia (Linn.) Fruit / Sumera Saeed Akhtar / Social Science Research Network, June 14, 2013
Citrus aurantifolia / Synonyms / The Plant List
Volatile composition and biological activity of key lime Citrus aurantifolia essential oil
/ Federica Spadaro. Rosaria Costa, Clara Circosta, Francesco Occhiuto / NATURAL PRODUCT COMMUNICATIONS 7(11):1523-6 · NOVEMBER 2012
Antibacterial potential os some medicinal plants of the Cordillera Region, Philippines / Rosemary M. Gutierrez, Ronan Baculi, Nardo Pastor, Timothey Puma-at & Teodora Balangcod / Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 12(4), Oct 2013, pp 630-637.
Effect of Lime Juice (Citrus Aurantifolia) on Histomorphological Alterations of the Ovaries and Uterus of Cyclic Sprague-Dawley Rats / Bakare A, Bassey R, Okoko, I, Sanyaolu A, Ashamu, A, Ademola O / European Journal of Scientific Research ,Vol.67 No.4 (2012), pp. 607-616
Antihypertensive effect of an aqueous extract of citrus aurantifolia (Rutaceae) (Christm.) Swingle, on the arterial blood pressure of mammal / A. Souza*, M. Lamidi, B. Ibrahim, R. R. R. Aworet Samseny, M. Boukandou Mounanga, B. M'Batchi. / International Research of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 1(7) pp. 142-148, October 2011
Flavonoids Isolated from Korea Citrus aurantium L. Induce G2/M Phase Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Gastric Cancer AGS Cells / Do-Hoon Lee, Kwang-Il Park, Hyeon-Soo Park, Sang-Rim Kang, Arulkumar Nagappan, Jin-A Kim, Eun-Hee Kim, Won-Sup Lee, Young-Sool Hah, Hyon-Jong Chung, Su-Jin An, and Gon-Sup Kim / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol 2012 (2012) /
Citrus aurantifolia impairs fertility facilitators and indices in male albino wistar rats / Uduak Akpan Okon, Bassey Nyong Etim. / Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2014; 3(3): 640-645doi: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20140949
Citrus aurantium Blossom and Preoperative Anxiety / Flor de Citrus aurantium e Ansiedade Pré-Operatória
Flor del Citrus aurantium y la Ansiedad Preoperatoria
/ Mahmood Akhlaghi, MD, Gholamreza Shabanian, MD, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, PhD, Neda Parvin4 (MA), Mitra Saadat, MD, Mohsen Akhlaghi / Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology, Volume 61, Issue 6, Nov–Dec 2011, pp 702–712 / doi:10.1016/S0034-7094(11)70079-4
Effect of Citrus aurantium L. Essential Oil and Its Interaction with Fluoxetine on Anxiety in Male Mice / Saketi, S. , Bananej, M. and Jahromy, M./ Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 4, 285-290 (2014) / doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2014.47029.
Acute and subchronic toxicity study from C.aurantifolia / Chunlaratthanaphorn, S., et al. / Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., Vol.29 (Suppl. 1), March 2007 : Thai Herbs II 126
Antioxidant activities of the unripen and ripen Citrus aurantifolia of Assam / Sony Kumari, Neelanjana Sarmah, A.K. Handique / International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 9, September 2013
Aromatherapy With Citrus Aurantium Oil and Anxiety During the First Stage of Labor / Masoumeh Namazi; Seddigheh Amir Ali Akbari,* Faraz Mojab; Atefe Talebi; Hamid Alavi Majd; Sharareh Jannesari / Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014 June; 16(6): e18371. / DOI: 10.5812/ircmj.18371
Effect of garlic Extract and Citrus aurantifolia (lime ) juice and on Blood Glucose level and Activities of aminotransferase Enzymes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats / Akbar Karimi, Nahid Khayam Nasab / World J Pharm Sci 2014; 2(8): 821-827
Effect of Citrus aurantium Linn., in paroxetine induced hyponatremia in albino mice / M. Sudha and P. Venkatalakshmi* / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2012, 4(4):2043-2045
IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC EFFICACY OF EXTRACTS OF CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA (CHRISTM) SWINGLE FRUIT PEELS AGAINST HELIGMOSOMOIDES BAKERI OVA AND LARVAE / Onyilofe Sunday Enejoh, Musa Mohammed Suleiman, Joseph Ologunja Ajanusi, Suleiman Folorunsho Ambali / International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol 7, Issue 2, 2015
Nephroprotective potentials of Citrus Aurantium: A prospective pharmacological study on experimental models / Naveed Ullah*, Mir Azam Khan, Taous Khan and Waqar Ahmad / Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., Vol.27, No.3, May 2014, pp.505-510
Essential oil from Citrus aurantifolia prevents ketotifen-induced weight-gain in mice / Satyajit Dey Sarker, Abbas Delazar, Lutfun Nahar./ Phytotherapy Research, 24 (12), pp.1893. <10.1002/ptr.3227>

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