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Family Gramineae / Poaceae
Hackelochloa granularis O. Kuntze

Hai shi cao

Scientific names Common names
Cenchrus granularis Linn. Gingetkaran (Bag.)
Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze Pitscale grass (Engl.)
Manisuris granularis (L.) L.f.  
Manisuris granularis L.  
Manisuris polystachya P.Beauv.  
Mnesithea granularis (L.) de Koning & Sosef  
Rottboellia granularis (L.) Roberty  
Rytilix glandulosa Raf.  
Rytilix granularis (L.) Skeels  
Tripsacum granulare (L.) Raspail  
Hackelochloa granularis is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Zhu sui cao, Hai shi cao, Qiu sui cao.
HINDI: Trinpali (kangni).
SPANISH: Zacate granito.

Gingetkaran is a grass with stems 20 to 60 centimeters high, erect, at length much-branched and softly hairy. Leaves are 5 to 15 centimeters long, 0.5 to 1.2 centimeters wide, flat, hairy on both surfaces, the margins ciliate. Spikes are 1 to 2 centimeters long and slender, resembling a string of minute beads. Sessile spikelets are 1 to 2 millimeters long, about 1 millimeter in diameter; the pedicellate ones are equal in length to the sessile or longer of the two equal green glumes.

- From the Batanes Islands to Mindanao, in most islands and provinces, in disturbed soil, open waste places, old clearings, etc, at low and medium altitudes.
- Pantropic.


- In India, whole plant parts used as hepatogenic or hepatoprotective.
- In Behar, prescribed internally, with a little sweet oil, in cases of enlarged spleen and liver.
- In India, used for anal fistula (fistula-in-ano).

No studies found.


Last Update November 2016

IMAGE SOURCE: Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze / pitscale grass / USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Washington, DC. / USDA
IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph / Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze / Zacate granito / click on image to go to source page /
© /conabio.gob.mx

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
Medicinal Plants Against Liver Diseases / Pandey Govind / IRJP 2(5) 2011, pp 115-121
Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Kuntze / Synonyms / The Plant List
Majith (Manjith) based Indigenous Herbal Medicines for Anal Fistula or Bhagandar / Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database / Pankaj Oudhia /

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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