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Family Asteracea
Blumea pubigera (Linn.) Merr.
Fu xue kang

Scientific names Common names
Blumea chinensis var, villosa Warb. Katarai (Sul.)
Blumea pubigera (Linn.) Merr. Kuli-amu (Sub.)
Conyza pubigera Linn. Lankat (Mbo.)
Crassocephalum pubigerum (L.) Kuntze Pagang-pagang (C. Bis.)
Blumea pubigera (L.) Merr. is an accepted name. The Plant List
Synonyms of B. pubigera from Quisumbing's compilatiion: Blumea pubigera (Linn.) Merr., Blumea chinensis var, villosa Warb., Blumea riparia DC., Conyza chinensis L., Conyza pubigera Linn., Conyza riparia Blume.
Quisumbing's compilation lists Blumea riparia DC as synonym of Blumea pubigera (L.) Merr. Other compilations list them as separate species. Some of the info and studies below are attributed to B. riparia.

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Fu xue kang, Jia dong feng cao.
INDONESIA: Tombak-tombak (Malay), jonge areuy, lalangkapan
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Mulmul, mungla
LAOS: Phang nhot pang
THAILAND: Mu masang, kamu maeng
VIETNAM: Day bau rung, cuc leo

Katarai is a smooth vine with stems up to 3 meters long. Leaves are elliptic-lanceolate, 3.5 to 9 centimeters long, pointed-tipped, blunt-based, and distantly toothed at the margins. Flowering heads are 1.2 to 1.5 centimeters in diameter, clustered on the short, distant branches of a long, terminal hairy panicle. Corolla-lobes are hairy. Fruits are achenes, strongly 10-ribbed, and hairy. Pappus is white.

- In thickets, openings in forests, old clearings, etc. at low and medium altitudes, ascending to a height of 1,100 meters, in Bontoc, Laguna and Quezon Provinces in Luzon; in Catanduanes, Mindoro, Palawan, Samar, Leyte, Mindanao, Basilan, and Jolo.
- Occurs in India to southern China, through Malaya to New Guinea.

- Studies on B. riparia have yielded flavonoids, acetylenes, sesquiterpenes, phenolic acids, xanthenes, polysaccharide, proteins, polypeptides, tannins, saponins, phenols, coumarin, lactones, reducing sugar, and glycosides.
- Study yielded six flavonoids: eriodictyol-7, 4'-dimethyl ether, eriodictyol-7, 3'-dimethyl ether, eriodictyol-7-methyl ether, quercetin-7, 3', 4'-trimethyl ether, tamarixetin, rhamnocitrin.
- Study yielded a flavone, seven organic acids, and three other compounds: 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxy flavone (I), 2,6-dimethoxy-p-benzoquinone, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, protocatechuic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid, 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, hydroquinone,

Parts used
Roots, aerial parts.


- Malays drink a decoction of roots for colic.
- In Chinese folk medicine, used to treat headaches, colic, menorrhagia, puerperal metrorrhagia, peripheral edema, infertility. Also used as diuretic and antihypertensive.

Hemostatic Activity:
Study yielded a flavone, seven organic acids, and three other compounds. (See above) EtOAc fraction exhibited strong hemostatic activity. (4)
New Oligosaccharide: Study isolated a water-soluble oligosaccharide (BROS), composed of 8 monosaccharides: Glcp, Frup and Fruf in molar ratio of 1:1:6. (5)
Anti-cancer: Physiochemical analysis of a 70% ethanol extract yielded 48 compounds, 8 of which were new. Cytotoxic in vitro testing was done against three cancer cell lines - HL-60, U937, and T47D. Compound 1, a new xanthene, showed strong activity against cancer cells HL-60.
monosaccharides: Glcp, Frup and Fruf in molar ratio of 1:1:6.
Pro-Coagulant: Study evaluated the effects of extracts of aerial parts and their phenolic acids on hemostasis. Results showed significantly reduced blood clotting time and tail bleeding time of transection of mice in vivo. Fraction contained anillic acid syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and protocatechuic acid. Data suggest compounds 1, 3, and 5 possess procoagulant activity which jointly synergize blood coagulation through various mechanisms. (8)


Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update October 2015

IMAGE SOURCE: / Blumea riparia (Blume) DC. var. megacephala Randeria / Pij.johnny / Creative Commons Attribution / flickr / Click on graphic to see original image

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Blumea riparia (Blume) DC. / Catalogue of Life, China
Common names / Blumea riparia / GLOBinMED
Studies on flavonoids from Blumea riparia / Cao JQ, Sun SW, Chen H, Wang YN, Pei YH. / Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008 Apr;33(7):782-4.
STUDY ON THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS FROM A HEMOSTATIC MEDICINAL PLANT BLUMEA RIPARIA (BL.) DC. IN GUANGXI / Cui-Wu Lin, Ting Lei, Hai-Yan Chen / Fourth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research
Isolation and structure determination of a new oligosaccharide from Blume riparia / Zijing Xu, Cuiwu Lin and Yong Shi / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(14), pp. 2956-2962, 18 July, 2011
Studies on the Chemical Constituents of Blumea Riparia DC. / Tumor Research Center
Preliminary Study on Chemical Components of Blumea riparia(Bl.) DC / JIANG Jian-ping,CHEN Chen,LIU Xi-hua, MA Wen-fang, DU Xiu / Journal of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University, 2009-03 /DOI: CNKI:SUN:GSZB.0.2009-03-031 /
Procoagulant Activity of Phenolic Acids isolated from Blumea riparia / Li Huang, Cuiwu Lin, Aiyuan Li, Baoyao Wei, Jianwen Teng, Lue Li / Natural product communications (impact factor: 1.24). 08/2010; 5(8):1263-6.
Blumea pubigera / Synonyms / The Plant List

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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