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Family Cyperaceae
Bulbostylis junciformis (Kunth.) C.B.Clarke

Scientific names Common names
Bulbostylis junciformis (Kunth.) C.B.Clarke Malasibuias (Tag.)
Bulbostylis junciformis (Kunth.) Kunth  
Fimbristylis junciformis (Kunth.) Maury [Illegitimate]  
Isolepis berlandieri Steud.  
Isolepis congesta Schrad. ex Schult.  
Isolepis junciformis Kunth  
Oncostylis junciformmis (Kunth.) Nees  
Scirpus berlandieri Steud.  
Scirpus humboldtii Spreng.  
Scirpus junciformis (Kunth.) Poir. [Illegitimate]  
Scirpus junciformis Kuntze  
Stenophyllus junciformis (Kunth.) Britton  
Bulbostylis junciformis (Kunth) C.B.Clarke is an accepted name. The Plant List
Fimbristylis junciformis (Kunth) Maury is listed as an illegitimate synonym.
The Plant List does not list Fimbristylis falcata as a synonym.

Apulid-gapang is a perennial, with woody and horizontal rhizomes that are usually short, or sometimes up to 5 centimeters in length. Stems are tufted, rigid, growing upwards, 4- to 5-angled or obscurely flattened, 10 to 20 centimeters long. Leaves are usually short but sometimes as long as 1.5 centimeters in length. Umbels are compound or decompound, about 8 millimeters in diameter, with 20 to 30 clusters. Spikelets are clustered, 2 to 5 in a cluster. Glumes are ovate. Nut is as long as one-third of the glume, obscurely striate or non-striate.

Limited distribution in the Philippines.
Occurs in India to Indo-China.

Parts used


Santals are reported to use the roots for treatment of dysentery.

Essential Oil:
Study of essential oil from the rhizomes of Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth yielded more than 40 constituents. The major constituents were: camphor, cyperene, thymol, spathulenol, dehydroabietal and dehydroabietol.


Updated October 2018 / February 2013

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Chemical composition of the essential oil from Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth. / Shah G, Mathela C / Journal of Essential Oil Research 2009 Vol. 21 No. 6 pp. 553-554
Bulbostylis junciformis (Kunth) C.B.Clarke / Synonyms / The Plant List

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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