HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Cyperaceae
Fimbristylis junciformis (Retz.) Kunth.

Scientific names Common names
Fimbristylis junciformis (Retz.) Kunth. Malasibuias (Tag.)
Fimbristylis brevifolia Presl  
Fimbristylis branchyphylla Presl  
Fimbristylis haenkei Dietr.  
Fimbristylis falcata Kunth  
Scirpus falcatus Vahl  
Iria falcata (Vahl) Kuntze  

Apulid-gapang is a perennial, with woody and horizontal rhizomes that are usually short, or sometimes up to 5 centimeters in length. Stems are tufted, rigid, growing upwards, 4- to 5-angled or obscurely flattened, 10 to 20 centimeters long. Leaves are usually short but sometimes as long as 1.5 centimeters in length. Umbels are compound or decompound, about 8 millimeters in diameter, with 20 to 30 clusters. Spikelets are clustered, 2 to 5 in a cluster. Glumes are ovate. Nut is as long as one-third of the glume, obscurely striate or non-striate.

Limited distribution in the Philippines.
Occurs in India to Indo-China.

Parts used


Santals are reported to use the roots in dysentery.

Essential Oil:
Study of essential oil from the rhizomes of Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth yielded more than 40 constituents. The major constituents were: camphor, cyperene, thymol, spathulenol, dehydroabietal and dehydroabietol.


Last Update February 2013

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Chemical composition of the essential oil from Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth. / Shah G, Mathela C / Journal of Essential Oil Research 2009 Vol. 21 No. 6 pp. 553-554

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT