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Family Lythraceae
Lawsonia inermis Linn.
Zhi jia hua

Scientific names Common names
Alcanna spinosa (L.) Gaertn. Sinamomo (Tag.)
Casearia multiflora Spreng. Henna (Engl.)
Lawsonia alba Lam.                   [Illegitimate] Mignonette tree (Engl.)
Lawsonia inermis L.  
Lawsonia speciosa L.  
Lawsonia spinosa L.  
Rotantha combretoides Baker  
Lawsonia inermis L. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
ARABIC: Yoranna, Hinna, Hena.
BENGALI: Mendi, Mehedi.
CHINESE: Zhi jia hua.
FRENCH: Henné, Jalousie, Fleurs, Reseda de France.
GERMAN: Hennastrauch.
HINDI: Mehndi.
INDONESIAN: Inai, Pakar kuku.
JAVANESE: Pacar kuku.
KHMER: Krapeen.
MALAY: Inai, Pacar kuku, Hinna.
SANSKRIT: Mendika, Ragangi, Raktgarbha.
SPANISH: Alcana, Alheña, Cinamomo, Reseda.
TAMIL: Marudaani.
THAI: Thian daeng, Thian khaao, Thian king.
VIETNAMESE: Nhuom mong tay, La mon.

Sinamomo is an erect, much-branched shrub or small tree, 3 to 6 meters high. Leaves are oblong-elliptic, 1.5 to 4 centimeters long, pointed at both ends. Flowers are fragrant, straw-colored, about 6 millimeters in diameter, borne on panicles, 7 to 30 centimeters long. Capsules are nearly spherical, depressed, 5 to 7 millimeters in diameter. Seeds are angular.

- Cultivated for ornamental purposes for its fragrant flowers and as hedge.
- Scarcely naturalized.
- Native of East Africa or India.
- Pantropic in most tropical countries.

- Study showed main plant constituents to be carbohydrates, glycosides, tannins, phenolic compounds, gums and mucilage.
- Distillation yields a perfume.
- Leaves yield a dye, henna; it's coloring properties derive from lawsone, primarily found in the leaves.
- Leaves contain 2% resin.
- Flowers contain an essential oil.
- Volatile oil of the flowers smells oftrimethyl-amine, similar to the tea rose or
- Seeds contain 10.5% fixed oil.
- Various parts of the plants have yielded a number of secondary metabolites – lawsone, xanthones, isoplumbagin and triterpenoids; from the flower oil, (Z)-2-hexenol, linalool, B-ionone.
- Study of essential oil from leaf and fruits yielded major components of 1,8-cineole and α-pinene and p-cymene. (17)

- Root considered astringent, abortifacient, anthelmintic, emmenagogue.
- Leaves are astringent.
- Fruit and flowers reputed to be emmenagogue.
- Studies have shown antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, wound healing, tuberculostatic, antiulcer, anthelmintic, antimalarial, spermicidal, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, diuretic, antitumor, protein glycation inhibitory properties.

Parts used
Roots, leaves.


- Pulped roots used for sore eyes, or applied to head of children for boils.
- In Cambodia, decoction of roots used as diuretic.
- Decoction of root, mixed with prepared indigo, used by the Hausas as a powerful abortifacient.
- Roots and leaves used as emmenagogue and anthelmintic.
- Roots used in the treatment of hysteria and nervous disorders.
- Decoction of bark used for burns and scalds.
- Internally, bark used for jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, stones, and as alterative in leprosy and obstinate skin afflictions.
- Malays use decoction of leaves for hoarseness.
- Decoction of leaves used for stomachache, after childbirth, for venereal diseases, and as tonic.
- In Java, used for leucorrhea.
- Henna, mixed with Plumbago, used as abortifacient.
- In Morocco, used a vulnerary.
- Cataplasm used for leprosy and skin affections.
- Paste of leaves used for diseases of the fingernails and whitlow.
- In Java, used for herpes.
- Crushed leaves, made into a paste with oil or resin, applied to the temples for headache.
- Decoction of leaves used as astringent gargle.
- An ointment made from the leaves used for wounds and ulcers.
- Fresh juice of leaves, with sugar and water, used for spermatorrhea.
- Infusion of flowers applied to bruises; taken internally for headaches.
- In Antilles, infusion of flowers used as emmenagogue.
- In Nigeria, used as antimalarial; also for cosmetic purposes. Leaf decoction used for wound cleansing and healing. Paste of powdered roasted seed mixed with gingerly oil used for treatment of ring worm. Also used as blood tonic. (28)
- In Malaysia, fresh bruised leaves applied as poultice on burning sensation of the feet; also used for treating boils, circumcision wounds and flatulence. In Indonesia, paste of leaves use for herpes infection; also applied for diseases of the fingernails. Small twigs used as toothbrush. (36)
- Dye: Extensively used in shampoos, rinses, brillantines, gives the color a rich, auburn tint. Dye used for coloring tails and manes of horses; for dyeing Morocco leather and wool. Used in various cosmetic products.
- Tattoo / Art:
Used for temporary tattooing, body art.
- Preservative:
Used as preservative for cloth and leather.
- Fuel:
Wood suitable as firewood. (36)
- Fiber: In Kenya, stems used for making fishing baskets. (36)
- Fodder:
Leaves browsed by livestock. (36)

Essential Oil Composition of Leaves:
Analysis yielded 36 components which constituted 80.4% of the oil. Major components were: ethyldecanoate, 24.4%; (E)-methyl cinnamate, 11.4%; isocaryophyllene, 8.1%; (E)-b-ionone, 5.8%; and methyl linolenate, 4.1%. (2)
Antibacterial / Antifungal: Lawsone, the antimicrobial agent in henna, has shown inhibitory activity upon common nosocomial urinary tract pathogens such as E coli, P mirabilis, K pneumonia, P aeruginosa, S aureus. It has also shown activity against oral Candida albicans. Naphthoquinones in L inermis exhibited toxicity against ringworm causing species such as Microsporum gypseum and T mentagrophytes. (1)
Antioxidant / DNA and Cyto-Protection: A study of aqueous and methanolic extracts of L inermis showed significant potential in scavenging free radicals and in inhibiting lipid peroxidation. There was a definite decline in Cr(VI)-induced cytotoxicity in human breast carcinoma cells. Both extracts showed high phenolic compounds content which may be responsible for the antioxidant potential and DNA and cyto-protection. (3)
Tuberculostatic: Henna herb showed tuberculostatic activity on both in vitro and in vivo testing. (5)
Hypoglycemic / Hypolipidemic / Leaves: L. inermis leaves extract and chlorpropamide showed significant hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities in diabetic mice after oral administration. The results confirm the use of the plant in traditional Indonesian medicine for the treatment of diabetes. (6) Study evaluated the hypoglycemic activity of ethanolic extract of leaves in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Results showed significant effect on fasting blood glucose at all doses. Best activity was seen at 400 mg/kg dose with highly significant (p<0.001) fall in blood glucose. (40)
Wound Healing: Results showed enhanced wound contraction, increased skin breaking strength, hydroxyproline and histological findings to support the use of L inermis in the management of wound healing. (7)
Burn Wound
Infection: Study investigated the effects of water and chloroform leaf extracts against primary invaders of burn wounds. Results showed leaves extracts were able to inhibit the growth of A. niger and F. oxysporum, together with Streptococcus sp. and S. aureus. (10)
Anti-Ulcer: Study was done of henna leaves extracts in rats with pylorus ligation and aspirin-induced ulcer models. Results showed the aqueous, ethanol, and chloroform extracts to significantly decrease the volume of gastric acid secretions, free acidity and ulcer index
. (8) Study of methanolic leaf extract showed remarkable gastroprotection against ethanol-induced ulcers as evidenced by dose dependent decrease in gastric juice volume, total and free acidity and increase pH. (41)
Anthelmintic: Study evaluated the in-vitro anthelmintic potency of a petroleum ether extract against Indian earthworm Pheretima posthuma. Results showed the extract possessed dose-dependent anthelmintic activity when compared to Piperazine citrate. (11)
Antifungal: In a study screening the barks of 30 plant species against Microsporum gypseum and
Trichophyton mentagrophytes, only Lawsonia inermis exhibited absolute toxicity, showing fungistatic and fungicidal abilities. (12)
Antimicrobial / Antifungal: Study showed henna possesses in-vitro antibacterial activity against a wide spectrum of bacterial strains and C. albicans
. (13)
Antitumor: L. inermis showed tumor suppressor effect and prolonged MST and AST time in mice with gluteal sarcoma formed with EAT cells. Results suggest Li can be used as a supplementary agent for cancer treatment.
Diuretic: Study of an aqueous and ethanolic
extract of leaves in rats showed significant diuresis, with the ethanolic extract showing more activity than the aqueous extract. (15)
Effect of Henna on E. coli: Leaf samples of Lawsonia inermis were evaluated for antimicrobial potential. Growth of E. coli pathogen was inhibited to various degrees by increasing concentration of herbal powder.(16)
Natural Corrosion Inhibitory for Aluminum Ally in Seawater: Commercial henna was investigated for its ability to inhibit corrosion of aluminum alloy through immersion in seawater. Results showed henna has major constituents which contribute to the chemisorptions or adsorption process by forming isolation layers on the aluminum alloy surface. The protection was that attached on metal was not permanent and precipitation occurred with time. (18)
Antifungal / Malassezia: Study evaluated the antifungal effects of various extracts of leaves on Malassezia. Malassezia is a normal skin flora that can cause pityriasis versicolor and folliculitis under suitable conditions. Results showed a chloroformic extract completely inhibited the growth of Malassezia. (19)
Antimalarial / Antioxidant / Anticancer: Study on
various extracts of Lawsonia inermis reported antioxidant activity (highest with an ethanol extract), antimalarial activity (petroleum extract) and activity against MCF7 human breast cancer cells ( ethyl acetate and petroleum ether). (20)
Spermicidal Activity / Leaves: Study evaluated the spermicidal property of an aqueous extract of Lawsonia inermis leaves. Result showed instant immobilization of all adult spermatozoa on application of the extract. at 160 mg/ml. At 80 mg/ml,there was concentration- and time-dependent reduction of sperm motility. (21)
Cheaper Alternative Biological Stain: Study aimed to produce an alternative and cheaper biological stain from the dark brown pigment of henna and the pink stain of chemical Benzalkonium chloride (Merthiolate). Results showed merthiolate can be an effective bio stain. Henna also showed to have staining ability. (22)
Henna as Vegetable Tanning Material: Study showed a technique to recover a soluble powder from aqueous henna leaves extract. Phytochemical studies on henna leaves powder yielded tannin (11.12%), non tannin (22.64%), TSS (33.76%), TS (36.72%), moisture content (9.58%) and pH (4.5), and color Red+1.7, Yellow+2.8. The principle coloring matter as 2-hydroxy-1,4- naphthoquinone. (23)
Hepatoprotective / Antioxidant Activity / Leaves: Study evaluated a warm aqueous extract of L. inermis leaves on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage in healthy Wistar albino rats. Results showed significant hepatoprotective effect as evidenced by decrease in liver enzymes. There was also significant antilipid peroxidant effects in vitro, besides significant activity in quenching DPPH indicating potent antioxidant effect. (25)
Antidiabetic Effect / Polyherbal Formulation of Henna and Azadirachta indica: Study evaluated the polyherbal formulation of Lawsonia inermis and Azadirachta indica in alloxan- and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Results showed a significant decrease in blood glucose compared to control. (26)
• Abortifacient / Roots: Study of a methanolic root extract showed dose dependent abortifacient effect, effectively inducing abortion in mice, rats, and guinea pigs. (28)
• Antibacterial / Pseudonymous aeruginosa: Study evaluated the antibacterial activity of henna extracts from seeds and leaves against a wide array of microorganisms. Henna samples exhibited antibacterial activity against all test isolates and showed highest activity against P. aeruginosa. (29)
• Antifungal / Lawsone / Leaves: Study evaluated various extracts of leaves for antifungal activity against five filamentous fungi. Best yield was obtained with the ethanol extract. Commercial lawsone showed interesting MICs against Fusarium oxysporum and Aspergillus flavus. The antifungal activity may be due to the presence of lawsone in the leaves. (30) Study showed henna has antifungal activity against Malassezia. The aqueous extract showed greater effect than the methanolic and chloroform extracts. (37)
Protein Glycation Inhibitory Activity / Lawsone / Gallic Acid: Protein oxidation and glycation are implicated in the pathogenesis of many age-related disease processes. Study investigated the protein glycation inhibitory activity of ethanolic extract of Lawsonia inermis (henna) plant in an in vitro model using bovine serum albumin and glucose. Results showed the alcoholic extract, lawsone, and gallic acid showed significant inhibition of Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) formation with IC50s of 82.06 ± 0.13 µg/ml, 67.42 ± 1.46 µM and 401,7 ± 6.23 µM, respectively. (31)
• Antimicrobial / Leaves: Study evaluated various extracts of henna leaves for antimicrobial activity against bacterial pathogens isolated from wounds viz. S. aureus, S. mutans, P. aeruginosa, and fungi A. niger, A. flavus, and Fusarium. Maximum activity was shown by a methanol extract against all isolated human pathogens. (32)
• Chemoprevention of Skin Cancer / Leaf Powder / Lawsone: Study evaluated the chemopreventive potential of naphthoquinone derivatives, leaf powder of L. inermis for inhibitory effect of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by a tumor promoter in Raji cells. Results showed profound inhibition (>88%) of EBV-EA activation. Orally fed lawsone in the mouse model decreased tumor incidence by 72% and multiplicity by 50%. Study suggests need of evaluation of these henna-derived green chemopreventive candidates in combination with current sunscreen agents for complementary anticancer potential against UV-induced skin carcinogenesis. (33)
• Anticonvulsant / Anthelmintic / Antibacterial / Leaves: Study of various extracts of L. inermis leaves showed anticonvulsant activity by electroshock method, anthelmintic activity against adult earthworm Eicinia fetida, and antibacterial activity by cup-plate agar diffusion. (34)
• Larvicidal / Anopheles stephensi / Malarial Vector: Study evaluated the larvicidal activity of L. inermis against Anopheles stephensis as main malaria vector in Iran. Highest toxicity was seen at 4000 ppm against larval stages I and II with LC50 and LC90 of 413.8 and 3366.3, respectively. Results suggest a potential for L. inermis as alternative larvicidal compound for An. stephensi control. (35)
• Hepatoprotective / Paracetamol Toxicity / Seeds: Study of L. inermis seed extract exhibited hepatoprotective activity against paracetamol induced hepatic damage in rats. (38)
• Antiarthritic: Study evaluated an aqueous extract of L. inermis for antiarthritic potential by percentage inhibition of protein denaturation and membrane lysis method. Results showed dose-dependent antiarthritic activity. Diclofenac sodium was used as standard. (39)
• Diaper Rash Treatment: Study compared the effects of product containing 25% natural henna oil and 1% hydrocortisone cream on diaper dermatitis (DD) in infants. The henna group showed a better response than the hydrocortisone group. Results suggest henna can be an effective and appropriate treatment for DD in infants. (42)
• Moderate Drug Interaction with Lithium: Henna can decrease the ability of the body to get rid of lithium. Lithium dose may need adjustment. (43)
• Analgesic / Synergism with Chlorophytum borivilianum: Study evaluated the synergistic analgesic activities of chloroform extracts of leaves and roots tubers of L. inermis and Chlorophytum borivilianum using tail immersion and hot plate methods. Both drugs showed significant analgesic activity by themselves. However, in combination, the extracts showed more analgesic activity. Activity may be due to blockade of release of endogenous substances that stimulate pain nerve endings similar to morphine. (44)
• Antistaphylococcal Activity / Leaves: Study evaluated various extracts of henna leaves against Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermis isolated from clinical cases of acne vulgaris. Alcoholic extracts were more efficacious than aqueous extracts. Comparatively, vancomycin showed the highest diameter of inhibition. (45)
• Diabetic Effects / Polyherbal Formulation of L. inermis and A. indica: Study investigated the antidiabetic effect of a Polyherbal Formulation of L. inermis and Azadirachta indica in alloxan and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Results showed a significant (p<0.01) decrease in blood glucose compared to the control group. (46)

Toxicity / Allergy Concerns
Henna is a reported ingredient in many cosmetic products such as shampoos, conditioners, sunless tanning, hair color and bleaching, styling gels and lotions, hair sprays, moisturizers, among others.
Studies have raised concerns regarding Lawsonia inermis as a human immune system and respiratory toxicant; and as an asthmagen and skin sensitizer.

- Wildcrafted.
- A profusion of commercial henna products in the cybermarket.

Updated May 2018 / November 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Lawsonia inermis (3709419835).jpg / Dinesh Valke / Thane, India / July 2009 / CC BY-SA 2.0 / click on graphic to see source image / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: File:Lawsonia inermis Blanco1.108-cropped.jpg / Flora de Filipinas / Franciso Manuel Blanco (OSA), 1880-1883 / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE / Lawsonia inermis / from Gilg, Ernst; Schumann, Karl - Das Pflanzenreich Hausschatz des Wissens (1900) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de / GNU Free Documentation License. / alterVISTA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Antimicrobial Activities of Lawsonia inermis - A Review / P Dinesh Babu and R S Subhasree / Academic Journal of Plant Sciences 2 (4): 231-232, 2009
Essential Oil Composition of Lawsonia inermis L. Leaves from Nigeria / Oyedeji, Adebola O et al / Journal of Essential Oil Research: JEOR, Jul/Aug 2005
Antioxidant Activity of Lawsonia inermis Extracts Inhibits Chromium(VI)-Induced Cellular and DNA Toxicity / Gunjan Guha, V Rajkumar et al / eCAM, doi:10.1093/ecam/nep205
LAWSONIA INERMIS (HENNA) EXTRACT / Environmental working Group / SKIN DEEP
Tuberculostatic activity of henna (Lawsonia inermis Linn.) / V K Sharma / Tubercle, Volume 71, Issue 4, December 1990, Pages 293-295 / doi:10.1016/0041-3879(90)90044-9 |
Hypoglycaemic and Antihyperlipidemic Effects of Henna Leaves Extract (Lawsonia inermis Linn) on Alloxan Induced Diabetic Mice
/ Syamsudin Abdillah et al / Jordan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 1, No. 2, 2008
The evidence based wound healing activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn. / B Shivananda Nayak, Godwin Isitor et al / Phytotherapy Research, Vol 21 Issue 9, Pages 827 - 831 / Publ Online: 29 May 2007
Anti-ulcer potential of Lawsonia inermis l. Leaves against gastric ulcers in rats / Mradul Goswani, Mayank Kuishreshtha, Chandana V Rao. Sanjay Yadav, and Sachdev Yadav / Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 01 (02); 2011: 69-72
/ V. C. JAIN, D. P. SHAH, N. G. SONANI, S. DHAKARA, N M. PATEL / ROM. J. BIOL. – PLANT BIOL., VOLUME 55, No. 2, P. 127–133, BUCHAREST, 2010
The use of Lawsonia inermis linn. (henna) in the management of burn wound infections / H. S. Muhammad and S. Muhammad / African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (9), pp. 934-937, September 2005
Anthelmintic activity of Lawsonia inermis L. Leaves in Indian Adult Earthworm
/ Bairagi G B, Kabra A O and Mandade R J / International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences
Fungitoxic studies on bark extract of Lawsonia inermis against ringworm fungi.
/ Singh VK, Pandey DK. / Hindustan Antibiot Bull. 1989 Feb-May;31(1-2):32-5.
In-vitro antimicrobial activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn (henna). A pilot study on the Omani henna
. / Omar A Habbal, Ali A Al-Jabri, Abdulghaffar H El-Hag, Zahra H Al-Mahrooqi, Nasser A Al-HashmiSaudi Medical Journal (2005). Vol 26, No 1, Pages: 69-72
Effect of Lawsonia inermis treatment on mice with sarcoma / Mehmet Emin Zumrutdal, Mehmet Ozaslan, Mehmet Tuzcu et al / African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (16), pp. 2781-2786, 18 August, 2008
Evaluation of diuretic activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Lawsonia inermis leaves in rats / Chandra Kalyan Reddy. Y, Sandya. L, Sandeep. D et al / Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 2011, 1 (3):28-33
Biochemical study for the effect of henna (Lawsonia inermis) on Escherichia coli / I. Abulyazid, Elsayed M.E. Mahdy, Ragaa M. Ahmed /
Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Volume 6, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 265–273
Study on the Essential Oil of Lawsonia inermis (L) Lythraceae / Akinola O. Ogunbinu, Isiaka A. Ogunwande*, Tameka M. Walker & William N. Setzer / Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, Volume 10, Issue 3, 2007
Study of Henna (Lawsonia inermis) as Natural Corrosion Inhibitor for Aluminum Alloy in Seawater / W B Wan Nik, F Zulkifli, O Sulaiman, K B Samo and R Rosliza / IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 36 012043 / doi:10.1088/1757-899X/36/1/012043
In vitro study of the effects of henna extracts (Lawsonia inermis) on Malassezia species / Fariba Berenji, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Homeyra Ebrahimipour
Lawsonia Inermis: Its Anatomy and its Antimalarial, Antioxidant and Human Breast Cancer Cells MCF7 Activities / Fatiha E. Babili, Jaloul Bouajila, Alex Valentin, and Christian Chatelain / Pharmaceut Anal Acta 4:203. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000203
Evaluation of spermicidal property of aqueous ethanolic extract of Lawsonia inermis linn. leaves / Abu Adakole Hyacinth*, Ahemen Terzungwe, Ochalefu Dickson Owoicho and Akogwu A Mathias / Annals of Biological Research, 2012, 3 (8):3846-3848
Feasibility of Using Lawsonia inermis and Benzalkonium Chloride as Cheaper Alternative Biological Stain /
Source: Jane Danielle M. Nilo / Dept of Science and Technology, Region III, Central Luzaon
Characterization of Lawsonia inermis (Henna) as Vegetable Tanning Material / A.E Musa* and G.A Gasmelseed / JOURNAL OF FOREST PRODUCTS & INDUSTRIES, 2012, 1(2), 35-40 /
Sorting Lawsonia names / Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne.
DIABETIC EFFECTS OF POLYHERBAL FORMULATION OF LAWSONIA INERMIS AND AZADIRACHTA INDICA / Sonam Rajwar, Pankaj Khatri / Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Lawsonia inermis / Synonyms / The Plant List
A Miracle Plant for the Herbal Pharmacy; Henna (Lawsonia inermis)
/ Emin Zumrutdal and Mehmet Ozaslan / International Journal of Pharmacology, 2012; Vol 8, No 6: pp 483-489
Antibacterial activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn (Henna) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa / O Habbal, SS Hasson, AH El-Haq, Z Al-Mahrooqi, N Al-Hashmi, Z Al-Bimani, MS Al-Balushi, and AA Al-Jabri / Asian Pac J Trop Biomed (2011); 1(3)" pp 173-176 / doi:  10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60021-X
Antifungal activity of the Algerian Lawsonia inermis (henna) / Nadjib Rahmoun, Zahia Boucherit-Otmani, Kebir Boucherit, Mohammed Benabdallah, and Noureddine Choukchou-Braham / Pharmaceutical Biology, 2013; 51(1): 131–135 / DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2012.715166
Protein glycation inhibitory activities of Lawsonia inermis and its active principles / Nighat Sultana, Muhammad Igbal Choudhary and Ambrin Khan / Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry (2009) Vol 24, Issue 9 / https://doi.org/10.1080/14756360802057500
Antimicrobial activity of Lawsonia inermis leaf extracts against some human pathogens / M. Kannahi and K.vinotha / International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Vol 2, No 5 (2013): pp 342-349
Chemoprevention of Skin Cancer: Effect of Lawsonia inermis L. (Henna) Leaf Powder and its Pigment Artifact, Lawsone in the Epstein- Barr Virus Early Antigen Activation Assay and in Two-Stage Mouse Skin Carcinogenesis Models / Govind J Kapadia, G Subba Rao, Rajagopalan Sridhar, Ejichiro Ichiishi, Midori Takasaki, Nobutaka Suzuki, Takao Konoshima, Akira Iida, Harukuni Tokuda / Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (2013) 13(10) / DOI : 10.2174/18715206113139990096
Anticonvulsant, Anthelmintic, and Antibacterial Activity of Lawsonia inermis / Jyoti B Wadekar, PY Pawar, VV Nimbalkar, BS Honde, PR Jadhav, SB Nale / Journal of Phytopharmacology (2016); 5(2): pp 53-55
Larvicidal Properties of Botanical Extracts of Lawsonia inermis against Anopheles stephensi
/ Hasan Bakhshi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Gholamreza Amin, Rasoul Zolfi, Masoumeh Pirmohammadi, Azam Bakhshi, Fakhredin Taghinezhad, Seyed Hasan Moosa-Kazemi* / Advances in Infectious Diseases, 2014, 4, 178-185 / http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/aid.2014.44025
Lawsonia inermis / WorldAgroForestry
In vitro study of the effects of henna extracts (Lawsonia inermis) on Malassezia species
/ Fariba Berenji, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Homeyra Ebrahimipour / Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology (2010); 3(3): 125-128 125
Hepatoprotective Activity of Ethanolic Seed Extract of Lawsonia inermis Against Paracetamol Incudced Liver Damage in Rats / Baskaran K*, Suruthi B / Sch. J. App. Med. Sci., 2016; 4(7C): 2488-2491 / DOI: 10.21276/sjams.2016.4.7.38
ANTIARTHRITIC EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTARCT OF LAWSONIA INERMIS. L - AN INVITRO STUDY / A Ramya, N Vijayakumar and M Renuka / Int J Modn Res Revs., Vol 3, Issue 8, Aug 2015: pp 744-747
Gastro protective activity of Lawsonia inermis (Henna). A well-known traditional medicinal plant / Dhanasree Basipogu, Nizamuddin Basha Syed / International Journal of Applied Research 2015; 1(11): 833-837
Efficacy of Traditional Medicine Product Henna and Hydrocortisone on Diaper Dermatitis in Infants
/ Abdollah Keshavarz, Ali Akbar Zeinaloo, Manoochehr Mahram,* Navid Mohammadi, Omid Sadeghpour, and Mohammad Reza Maleki / Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016 May; 18(5): e24809 / doi: 10.5812/ircmj.24809
Drug Interactions / WebMD
Synergistic analgesic activity of chloroform extract of Lawsonia inermis Linn. and Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. / Parveen Kumari, Nitu Singh, Deepak Kumar / Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2015; 3(6): 35-38
Antistaphylococcal Activity of Henna extracts Lawsonia inermis L. (Lythraceae) / Ihsan Edan Abdulkareem Alsaimary / Donnish Journal of M icrobiology and Biotechnology Research, Vol 1(2): pp 8 -11
DIABETIC EFFECTS OF POLYHERBAL FORMULATION OF LAWSONIA INERMIS AND AZADIRACHTA INDICA / Sonam Rajwar, Pankaj Khatri / Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics; 2013, 3(2): pp 45-51

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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