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Family Commelinaceae
Floscopa scandens
Shui cao

Scientific names  Common names
Aneilema aspermum Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid] Aligbañgon (Tag.)
Aneilema cymosum (Blume) Kunth Babilau (S. L. Bis.)
Aneilema densiflorum (Blume) Kunth Kumpai (P. Bis.)
Aneilema hispidum D. Don Pugad-labuyo (Tag.)
Commelina cymosa Blume Sambilau (S. L. Bis.)
Commelina densiflora Blume Climbing flower cup (Engl.)
Commelina hamiltonii Spreng.  
Commelina hispida Ham. ex Spreng.  
Dithyrocarpus meyenianus Kunth  
Dithyrocarpus paniculatus (Roxb.) Kunth  
Dithyrocarpus petiolatus Wight  
Dithyrocarpus rothii Wight  
Dithyrocarpus rufus (C.Presl) Kunth  
Dithyrocarpus undulatus Wight  
Floscopa hamiltonii (Spreng) Hassk.  
Floscopa meyeniana (Kunth) Hassk.  
Floscopa paniculata (Roxb.) Hassk.  
Floscopa petiolata (Wight) Hassk.  
Floscopa rufa (C.Presl) Hassk.  
Floscopa scandens Lour.  
Floscopa undulata (Wight) Hassk.  
Lamprodithyros paniculatus (Roxb.) Hassk.  
Tradescantia geniculata Blanco  
Tradescantia paniculata Roxb.  
Tradescantia rufa C.Presl  
Alikbangon is a shared common name of: (1) Kolasi (Commelina diffusa Burm) and (2) Sabilau (Commelina axillaris Linn). It is also phonetically confused with (1) Alibangon (Commelina benghalensis) and (2) Aligbañgon (Tradescantia rufa).
Floscopa scandens Lour. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Da xiang zhu gao cao, Zhu ye cao, Shui zhu cai, Ju hua cao, Shui cao.
INDIA: Kukra, Chaha-lubar, Soru konasimolu.
MALAY: Pokok bajang beranak.
MALAYSIA: Aur-aur, Awo-awo, Hawar-hawar, Kerakap sireh, Rumput tapak itek, Rumput johong beraleh.
THAILAND: Phak bieo, Phak plaap, Yaa plong khon.
VIETNAM: C[or] d[aaf]u hoa ch[uf]y, D[aaf]u r[if]u leo.

Alibañgon is a small trailing perennial herb, velvety throughout with multicellular hairs. Stems are stout, erect and creeping below, 20 to 70 centimeters long. Leaves are lanceolate, 3 to 9 centimeters long, 1 to 2 centimeters wide, sessile or petioled. Panicles are short-stalked, pyramidal with long, erect or ascending, many-flowered branches. Flowers are small and subglobose. Sepals are villous and the petals are white, lilac or rosy. Capsules are 2 to 3 millimeters long, orbicular or ellipsoid and compressed. Seeds are glaucous.

- In wet places along streams at low and medium altitudes, in most or all islands and provinces.
- Also occurs in India, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, China, Thailand and Vietnam, through Malaya to tropical Australia.

- Ideal as aquarium plant.

Parts utilized
Whole plant.

- In New Guinea, leaves and young shoots cultivated as supplementary food.
- Plant is used for broken bones.

- In Bangladesh, leaf paste used for poisonous stings; juice squeezed on sore eyes. Plant also used as application for fractured bones.(3)
- Plant used for fever, pyoderma, abscesses and acute nephritis.
- In India, leaf or stem juice used on sore eyes. (4)
- In Uttar Pradesh, India, three drops of stem juice applied to eyes three times daily for conjunctivitis. (6)
- In China, used as febrifuge; also for abscesses, pyodermas, and nephritis.

Component in Anti-Tuberculin Medicine / Invention:
Invention discloses the use of a traditional Chinese composition in preparation of an anti-tuberculin medicine: 18 parts of hairy vein agrimony roots, 15 parts frog orchid tub4r, 20 parts common aeschymomene leaf flower, 12 parts Litsea glutinosa, and 20 parts of Floscopa scandens. The traditional Chinese medicine has remarkable effect of inhibiting activity of inhibiting activity of tuberculin. (7)
• Traditional Chinese Medicine for Treatment of Pulmonary Edema / Invention: Invention discloses a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of pulmonary edema comprised of parts of cordate houttuynia, dandelion, Caulis lonicerae, semen lepidii, red fleshy cayratia stems and leaves, with 20-40 parts of Floscopa scandens. The traditional Chinese medicine claims to have significant curative effect on pulmonary edema from early to middle stage. (8)


Updated June 2019 / July 2017 / November 2016

Photo / Content © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Line drawing / Copyright / Cick on image to go to source page / Zhiwutong.com

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Floscopa scandens Lour. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
Floscopa scandens Lour / Vernacular names / GLOinMED
Inherited folk pharmaceutical knowledge of tribal people in the Chittagong Hill tracts, Bangladesh / Animesh Biswax, M A Bari, Mohashweta Roy and S K Bhadra / IJTK, Vol 9(1), Jan 2010.
Ethnomedicinal Plants Used by the ethnic Communities of Tinsukia District of Assam, India
/ Jitu Buragohain / Recent Research in Science and Technology, 2011; 3(9): pp 31-42
Floscopa scandens Lour. / Synonyms / The Plant List
Diversity and distribution of ethnomedicinal flora for conjunctivitis from Lucknow Uttar Pradesh, India / Farzana Shakeel Ali and Uma Shankar* / International Journal of Current Microbiolog and Applied Sciences, Vol 3, No 11 (2014) pp 791-797
Application of traditional Chinese medicine composition in preparation of anti-tuberculin medicine  / CN104815175A / China
Traditional Chinese medicine for treating pulmonary edema  / CN104069270A China

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)
Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions
Latest Updated Tagalog and English Lists of Philippine Medicinal Plants
List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

Bahay Kubo

The Medicinal Plant Song
Alternative Medicine Dictionary
Un-Abbreviated Dialect Sources of Common and Local Names
Plant Names
List of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names
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