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Family Polypodiaceae
Northern maidenhair fern
Adiantum pedatum Linn.


Scientific names Common names
Adiantum pedatum Linn. American maidenhair fern (Engl.)
Adiantum pedatum var. pedatum Common maidenhair (Engl.)
Adiantum pedatum f. pedatum Five-fingered maidenhair fern (Engl.)
Infraspecific taxa Northern maidenhair fern (Engl.)
Adiantum pedatum var. grandiflolium (Ching) Ching  
Adiantum pedatum L. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: T’ieh-sien-ts’ao.

Genus name adiantum comes from the Greek word adiantos, meaning unwetted in reference to the water repellent foliage. Pedatum means 'cut like a bird's foot" in reference to the fronds. (5)

Adiantum pedatum is a deciduous, clump-forming terrestrial fern growing up to 60 centimeters tall. Stems are wiry, reddish-brown to black. Frond stalks are somewhat frilly, purplish, forked like a fan, with circular or horseshoe shaped rachis. Leaflets are papery and light green.

- Recently introduced to the Philippines.
- Native to North America.

- Phytochemical screening has yielded terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and steroids.

- Considered to be anti-rheumatic, astringent, demulcent, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, haemostatic, pectoral and tonic.
- Study has suggested antibacterial and antioxidant properties.

Parts used
Fronds, stems.


- No reported folkloric use in the Philippines.
- Tea or syrup used for nasal congestion, asthma and sore throats.
- Decoction of leaves used to relieve coughing.
- Root decoction used externally to massage into rheumatic joints.
- North Americans chewed the fronds, then applied them to wounds to stop bleeding.
- Root infusion or decoction rubbed on hands and then to affected area and drunk by Cherokee to treat rheumatism. (6)
- Whole plant infusion used as emetic in agues and fevers.
- Used for bronchitis, whooping cough and excessive menses.
- Plant used as hair conditioner and hair tonic.
- Alcohol leaf extract used topically for thicker hair growth
- Stems used as hair wash to provide shine in the hair.
- In Malaysia, whole plant used for chronic catarrh and other pectoral affections.
- Basketry: Stipe used as ornament in basketry.
- Landscaping: Makes a good ground cover.

Antioxidant / Antibacterial:
Study of acetone and ethyl acetate extracts showed inhibitory activity against S aureus, K pneumonia, P aeruginosa and E coli. Results showed Adiantum pedatum to be a potential source of natural antioxidants. (2)


Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update April 2016
May 2011

IMAGE SOURCE: Northern Maidenhair Fern / File:Adiantum pedatum 09905.JPG / Walter Siegmund / (2007:05:15T07:17:16-7.00) / GNU Free Documentation License / Wikimedia Commons
IMAGE SOURCE: Adiantum pedatum / USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 1: 31. / alterVISTA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Adiantum pedatum / Plants For A Future
/ C.P. Chandrappa, C.B. Shilpashree, Karthik M.R, M. Govindappa and T.S. Sadananda / Journal of Phytology 2011, 3(1): 26-32
A Review on the Potential Uses of Ferns / M. Mannar Mannan, M. Maridass and B.Victor / Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 281-285. 2008.
Adiantum pedatum / Synonyms / The Plant List
Adiantum pedatum / Missouri Botanical Garden
Adiantum pedatum / Medical Botany: Plants Affecting Human Health / by Walter H Lewis, Memory PF Elvin-Lewis

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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