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Family Moraceae
Antipolo
Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr.


Scientific names   Common names
Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr. Antipolo (Tag.) 
Artocarpus communis var. blancoi Elmer Chipuho (Iv.)
  Kalamunggi
  Kalanat (Ayta)
  Kalo (Bis.)
  Kolo (Bis.) 
  Pakak (Ilk.) 
  Tipolo (Tag., Pamp., Bik., P. Bis.)
Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr. is an accepted name The Plant List

General info
Artocarpus is a genus of some 60 trees of Southeast Asian origin, belong to the family Moraceae. The word Artocarpus is derived from the Greek words artos (bread) and karpos (fruit).

Botany
Antipolo is a large tree, growing up to 30 meters tall. Its habit, size, and leaf characteristics are similar to Artocarpus altilis (Rimas). Leaves are simple, spirally arranged, with one to three pairs of lobes. Hairy petioles are about 8 centimeters long. Hairy stipules are about 10 centimeters long. Male inflorescence is smooth and cylindric, 5 to 8 centimeters long, flexuous, with spine-like structures. Fruit is ellipsoid, 10 centimeters long, 7 centimeters in diameter, ripening to yellow and orange-brown. Anthocarps are extended into 1-centimeter long, spiculate appendages. Seeds are ellipsoid, about 1 centimeter long, embedded in the fleshy part of the flesh.

Distribution
- Endemic species.
- Found throughout the Philippines, in thickets and forests, at low and medium altitudes.

Properties
Bark extract considered antimicrobial.

Parts utilized
Bark, roots.

Uses
Edibility
- Leaves reportedly used as food by the Ayta people in Porac, Pampanga. (1)
- Fruits and seeds are cooked and eaten.
Folkloric
- Decoction of the two-parts bark of antipolo and one-part roots of Fleurya interrupta (Lipang aso) is used for strangularia.

- Ayta people burn dry leaves to repel mosquitoes. (2)
Others
- Wood: Used for light construction.
Used as fiber plant for making pulp and paper. (4)

Studies
No studies found.

Availability
Wild-crafted.


Last Update May 2016
Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
SOURCES
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Useful Plants of Selected Ayta Communities from Porac, Pampanga, Twenty Years after the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo / Elena M. Ragragio*, Cynthia Neri Zayas** and Jasper John A. Obico* /Philippine Journal of Science / 142 (0): 169-181. November 2013
(2)
A survey of plants used as repellents against hematophagous insects by the Ayta people of Porac, Pampanga province, Philippines / Jasper John A. Obico* and Elena M. Ragragio / Philippine Science Letters Vol. 7, No. 1, 2014
(3)
Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr. is an accepted name / The Plant List
(4)
Antipolo / Ramon Aboitiz Foundation Inc. / 2011
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.
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