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Family Araceae
Bagawak
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott.

TOOTHED PHILODENDRON

Scientific names  Common names 
Arum lacerum Jacq. Bagawak (Tag.)
Caladium lacerum (Jacq.) Willd. Pakpak paniki (Tag.)
Philodendron albovaginatum K.Koch & Sello. Toothed philodendron  (Engl.)
Philodendron incisocrenatum Kunth  
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott  
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott is an accepted name The Plant List

Botany
Bagawak is an aroid climber that may grow many meters high. Leaves are long-stalked. Leaf blades are green and glossy with light veins, about 30 centimeters long and 25 centimeters wide, tapering towards the narrow tip. Young leaves have wavy margins; the incisions becoming deeper as they mature, reaching half way to the midrib. Flowers are ivory and cylindrical, about 10 centimeters long, enclosed by tubular bracts (spathe) 10 to 15 centimeters long, 5 to 7 centimeters wide. The berry fruits are about 3 millimeters long.

Distribution
- Introduced and wildly cultivated.
- Propagated by stem cuttings or planting of the lateral buds. Grows both as soil or water plant.

Parts utilized
Leaves

Uses
Folkloric
- Muscular strains, back pains: Leaves are boiled in vinegar and applied to involved areas overnight and repeated for two to three days.
- Flatulence, abdominal pains: Oiled leaves are applied to abdominal epigastric area.

- Decoction of stems of Philodendron lacerum mixed with stems of C. nitida, rhizomes of P. aureum, roots of W. indica used for boils. (3)

Studies
Resorcinols and Catechols / Cross Sensitivity Study: Cross-sensitivity studies were done on alkylresorcinols from extracts of Philodendron scadens and Philodendron lacerum and alkylcatechols from an extract of Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy). Patients sensitive to Philodendron species (or other resorcinol-containing plants) may not be necessarily be cross-sensitive to Toxicocdendron species and vice versa. (1)

Availability
Wild-crafted.
Cultivated.

© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update February 2017
Updates: December 2010, January 2016

Photos / Content © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Resorcinols and catechols: a clinical study of cross-sensitivity / Knight T E, Boil P et al /
Am J Contact Dermat. 1996 Sep;7(3):138-45.
(2)
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott / Synonyms / The Plant List
(3)
Herbal mixtures in the traditional medicine of Eastern Cuba / Juan Hernández Cano, Gabriele Volpato∗ / Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 (2004) 293–316

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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