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Family Araceae
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott.


Scientific names  Common names 
Arum lacerum Jacq. Bagawak (Tag.)
Caladium lacerum (Jacq.) Willd. Pakpak paniki (Tag.)
Philodendron albovaginatum K.Koch & Sello. Toothed philodendron  (Engl.)
Philodendron incisocrenatum Kunth  
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott  
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott is an accepted name The Plant List

Bagawak is an aroid climber that may grow many meters high. Leaves are long-stalked. Leaf blades are green and glossy with light veins, about 30 centimeters long and 25 centimeters wide, tapering towards the narrow tip. Young leaves have wavy margins; the incisions becoming deeper as they mature, reaching half way to the midrib. Flowers are ivory and cylindrical, about 10 centimeters long, enclosed by tubular bracts (spathe) 10 to 15 centimeters long, 5 to 7 centimeters wide. The berry fruits are about 3 millimeters long.

- Introduced and wildly cultivated.
- Propagated by stem cuttings or planting of the lateral buds. Grows both as soil or water plant.

Parts utilized

- Muscular strains, back pains: Leaves are boiled in vinegar and applied to involved areas overnight and repeated for two to three days.
- Flatulence, abdominal pains: Oiled leaves are applied to abdominal epigastric area.

- Decoction of stems of Philodendron lacerum mixed with stems of C. nitida, rhizomes of P. aureum, roots of W. indica used for boils. (3)
- In the Greater Antilles, leaf used as remedy for caustic sores of the arm. (4)

Resorcinols and Catechols / Cross Sensitivity Study: Cross-sensitivity studies were done on alkylresorcinols from extracts of Philodendron scadens and Philodendron lacerum and alkylcatechols from an extract of Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy). Patients sensitive to Philodendron species (or other resorcinol-containing plants) may not be necessarily be cross-sensitive to Toxicocdendron species and vice versa. (1)


© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Updated November 2017 / February 2017 / January 2016
December 2010

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photograph / Philodendron lacerum Leaves at Nahiku, Maui / File: Philodendron lacerum2.jpg / Forest and Kim Starr / CC BY 3.0 / Click on image to go to source page / Wikimedia

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Resorcinols and catechols: a clinical study of cross-sensitivity / Knight T E, Boil P et al /
Am J Contact Dermat. 1996 Sep;7(3):138-45.
Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott / Synonyms / The Plant List
Herbal mixtures in the traditional medicine of Eastern Cuba / Juan Hernández Cano, Gabriele Volpato∗ / Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 (2004) 293–316
Philodendron lacerum / Umberto Quattrocchi / CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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