Tall trees growing to 20 meters or
more. Bark is dark brown, irregularly flaking, deeply fissured. Wood
with numberous resin canals. Branches are spreading, longest at the
base and shorter upwards. Needles are in fascicles of 3s with a persistent
sheath, dark green, and up to 22 cm long. Cones are ovoid, up to 8 cm
long, 3-5 cm diameter, solitary or in pairs, brown in color.
Found in the elevated areas of Baguio
City and the mountain province. Occasionally seen in the Metro Manila
and other lowland areas, albeit, growing poorly.
Leaves, bark, latex.
study yielded a monoterpene, alpha-pinene with anti-acne, anti-pneumonic,
expectorant, insecticide and tranquilizer properties.
• Oil contains d-a-pinene (nitrosochloride, nitrobenzyl-amine)
and B-pinene (m.0. of nopinic acid). source
• Terpenes - abietic
acid (abietane diterpenoid) - widespread in the Pinacea family.
medicinal use in the Philippines.
In the Mountain Province, latex rubbed over arthritic pains.
• A source of Philippine turpentine oil.
study yielded alpha-pinene, a monoterpene, with ant-bacterial, expectorant,
insecticidal and tranquilizing properties.