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Family Arecaceae
Licuala grandis H.Wendl.
Tuan shan zong

Scientific names Common names
Licuala grandis H.Wendl. Balatbat bilog (Tag.)
Pritchardia grandis (H.Wendl.) W.Bull Larged-leaved licuala palm (Engl.)
  Licuala palm (Engl.)
  Round-leaved licuala palm (Engl.)
  Ruffled fan palm (Engl.)
  Vanuatu palm (Engl.)
Licuala grandis H.Wendl. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Tuan shan zong, Yuan ye zhou lü,
FRENCH: Licualaa grosses feuiies.
GERMAN: Großblättrige, Strahlenpalme.
MALAY: Palma kipas.
THAI: Paam jeep.
VANUATU: Ndaubihu, Neyedip, Taba taba, Wilog wewia, Songe m jam Nevehu.
VIETNAMESE: Mat cat to.

Licuala grandis is an palm growing to a height of 5 to 6 feet. Stems are upright and solitary, 3 meters tall and 5 to 8 centimeters in diameter, ridged with leaf scars and some remnant fibers from leaf sheaths. Leaves are costapalmate, large, yellow-green to deep green, undivided, entire, corrugated, with a stiff, undulating blade, forming a fan-like semi-circle. Leaf tips are bifid. Petioles have a prominent hastula, armed toward the base with small, curved teeth along the fibrous margins. The mid-rib extends almost one-third the length of the leaf blade. Inflorescences are 2 meters long, branched in three orders and extending beyond the leaves. Flowers are small, white, and bisexual. Fruits are small, round, 1 to 1.5 centimeters, red or red-orange when ripe. (8)

Botanical distinctions: May be confused with other Licuala species, but the rounded, entire leaf blade are quite distinctive. The leaf of L. grandis appears palmate from a distance; however, the petiole extends into the leaf blade to form a slender, arrow-shaped costa. (8)

- Introduced.
- Native to Australia.
- Ornamental cultivation.

- Phytochemical screening of methanol extract of leaves yielded reducing sugar, tannins, steroids, alkaloids, glycosides, proteins, acidic compounds, with absence of flavonoids, saponins, and gums. (see study below) (3)
- Study of seed oil for component fatty acids yielded (wt%): lauric acid, 2.5; myristic acid 2.3, palmitic 27.4, stearic 15, arachidic 1.4, behenic 2.1, oleic 33.4, and linoleic 29.0. (6)
- A comprehensive analysis of terpenoids yielded caryolan-1-ol, a relatively minor product: Study suggested caryolan-1-ol is a non-enzymatic product of the bicyclic sesquiterpene hydrocarbon ß-caryophyllene, a major sesquiterpene in plants. (7)

- Studies have suggest antioxidant and analgesic properties.

Parts used


- No reported medicinal use in the Philippines.
- In Maewo, Vanuatu,, leaves are used to cure headache in men caused by contact with menstrual blood: The tough leaf is crushed and the pulp is mixed with a little water, which is spread on the patient's head, repeated daily until recovery. (4)
- Ornamental: Ornamental cultivation.
- Functional uses: In Vanuatu, leaves are used as traditional umbrellas or improvised in case of sudden rainfall. Leaves used as plate and for wrapping of folk-art objects.(4)

- Social symbol of status: In Vanuatu, the leaf is specifically symbolic for a woman who has passed the initial grade, rabankamel, held in hand or slipped into her belt, indicating that she has successful attained that status. (4)

Antioxidant / Analgesic:
Study evaluated the antioxidant and analgesic activities of three Bangladesh medicinal plants: Bougainvillea glabra, Licuala grandis, and Anthurium crystallinum using DPPH assay, total phenolic and total tannin contents for antioxidant activity and acetic acid writhing and tail flick test in mice for analgesic activity. The 50% inhibitory concentration of a methanol crude extract of L. grandis 2.18 µg/ml, compared to standard ascorbic acid of 3.90 µg/ml. Total phenolic content was 247.272 ± 0.016 mg GAE/100g. and total tannin was435.7 ± 0.01 mg GAE/100g of dried plant extract. All three extracts reduced pain in both methods in a dose-dependent manner. (3)
Mechanical Behavior of the Natural Fiber Reinforced Composite: Study evaluated the mechanical behavior of palas leaf (Licuala grandis) reinforced composite. Measures of tensile, impact and flexural properties were carried out on composites made by reinforced palas leaf as a new natural fiber into polypropylene homopolymer resin matrix. For tensile modulus, flexural strength, and flexural modulus, the value increased as fiber content increased. The optimum composition was 60% polypropylene and 40% palas fiber. The palas leaf reinforced composite showed higher value than the neat polypropylene. Palas leaf is low cost, ecofriendly, and recyclable. (5)

- Wild-crafted.
- Ornamental Cultivation.
- Seeds in the cybermarket.

June 2020

                                                  PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph :Licuala grandis / Krzysztof Ziamek Kenraiz / Sept 2016 / CC by SA 4.0 / click on image to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photo / Licuala graGrandis Palm / click on image to go to source page / © TrivandrumGardenTech
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photo / Licuala graGrandis leaf / ©/ Dewins / click on image to go to source page / dreamstime

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Licuala grandis / Synonyms / The Plant List

Sorting Licuala names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
Evaluation of antioxidant and analgesic activities of three medicinal plants
/ Hossain, Amir; Hossain, Akbar; Manan, Sultana / Pharmacognosy Research; Mumbai, Jul-Sept 2019; 11(3): pp 248- 253 / DOI:10.4103/pr.pr_164_18
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF PALAS FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITE / Ahmad Aiman Afif Bin Mohd Zamri / Dissertation, Jan 2016 / Mechanical Engineering, University Teknologi Petronas
Component Acids of Palmae Seed Oils / Daulatabad C D, Ankalgi R F / Fette Seifen Anstrichmittel, 1985; Vol 87: pp 126-128 / DOI: 10.1002/lipi.19850870310 / UID: WOS:A1985AFA6700009
Characterization of a Novel Sesquiterpene Cyclase Involved in (+)-Caryolan-1-ol Biosynthesis in Streptomyces griseus / Chiaki Nakano, Sueharu Horinouchi, and Yasuo Ohnishi / JBC: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Licuala grandis / Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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