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Family Leguminosae / Fabaceae

Bambang
Bauhinia acuminata L.
WHITE BAUHINIA
Bai hua yang ti jia

Scientific names Common names
Bauhinia acuminata L. Bambang (Tag.)
Bauhinia linnaei Ali Dwarf white bauhinia (Engl.)
  Dwarf white orchid (Engl.)
  White bauhinia (Engl.)
  White mountain ebony (Engl.)
  White orchid tree (Engl.)

Other vernacular names
BURMESE: Mahahlegabyu.
CHINESE: Bai hua yang ti jia.
FRENCH: Ebènier de montagne, Sénné bâtard.
GERMAN: Bergebenholz, Unächte senna.
INDIA: Kaanchanaara, Kovidaara, Kachnaal, Vellaimandarai, Kanchan, Shwet kachnar, Kachnal safaid.
INDONESIAN: Panawar saribu, Kupu-kupu.
ITALIAN: Bauhinia, Ebano montano.
JAPANESE: Moku-wan-ju.
MALAYSIAN: Bunga perak.
SRI LANKAN: Sudu kobalila.
THAI: Ka long, Som sio.
TURKISH: Bohinia, Dagh abanoz.

Botany
Bambang is a shrub growing to a height of 3 to 4 meters. Leaves are bilobed, 8 to 15 centimeters long and broad, deeply cleft from the tip to about one third of the length of the leaf. Base is somewhat cordate and the lobes are acute. Petioled is 1.5 to 4 centimeters long. Flowers are fragrant, showy and white, about 8 centimeters across; yellow-tipped stamens are ten. Pods are flat, up to 8 to 15 centimeters long and 1.8 centimeters broad.

Distribution
- Ornamental cultivation.
- Occurs in India, China to the Malay Peninsula.

Constituents
- Phytochemical screening of leaves yielded starch, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, reducing sugars, amino acids, and lignins. (6)
- Hydrodistillation of fresh leaves of B. acuminata for essential oil yielded nineteen compounds comprising 89.9% of leaf oil. Major constituents were phytol (65.90%), sesquiterpenoids ß-caryophyllene (13.87%) and caryophyllene oxide (3.15%). (7)

Parts utilized
- Leaves, bark, roots, flowers.

Uses
Folkloric
- No reported medicinal use in the Philippines.
- In India, decoction of bark and leaves used for biliousness and asthma. In Malaysia and Indonesia, used for cough and the common cold. (2)
- In India, bark and leaves used in treatment of bladder stones, venereal disease, and leprosy. Paste of leaves applied locally to treat skin diseases. Roots boiled in oil applied to burns. (2)

Studies
Cytotoxic / Thrombolytic / Leaves: Study evaluated the cytotoxic and thrombolytic activity of a methanolic extract of leaves of B. acuminata. The extract showed remarkable cytotoxic activity in brine shrimp lethality bioassay, comparable to vincristin sulphate. It showed significant thrombolytic effect using streptokinase as standard. (4)
Antidiarrheal / Leaves: Study evaluated methanolic extracts of B. acuminata for antidiarrheal and antimicrobial activity. A crude methanolic extract showed significant antidiarrheal activity with significant reduction in magnesium induced enteropooling and dose dependent effect in castor oil induced diarrhea. Study failed to show any antimicrobial activity. (5)
Antibacterial / Seed: Crude extract from seed kernels of Bauhinia acuminata showed strong antibacterial activity against various pathogenic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria; the most sensitive, Bacillus subtilis and the least sensitive, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (8)

Availability
Ornamental cultivation.


October 2014


IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph / File:Bauhinia acuminata 16 08 2012.JPG / Bauhinia acuminata flower in plant. / 16 August 2012 / Joydeep JDP90 / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. / Click on image to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Sorting Bauhinia names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
(2)
Bauhinia acuminata / Vernacular names and folkloric uses / GLOBinMED
(3)
Bauhinia acuminata L. / The Plant List
(4)
In vitro Cytotoxic and Thrombolytic Activity of Methanolic Extract of Bauhinia acuminata Leaves / Md. Naimul Islam, Md. Abul Barakat Fahad, Mohammad Robiul Hossain, Mohammad Mamun ur Rashid, Md. Reyad-ul-Ferdous*, Mohsina Mukti / UK Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biosciences Vol. 2(2), 05-07, 2014
(5)
In-vivo Antidiarrheal and In-vitro Antimicrobial Activities of the Leaf Extracts of Bauhinia acuminata / Md. Reyad-ul- Ferdous / American Journal of Research Communication 01/2014; 2(7):158-168.
(6)
Phytochemical Analysis of Methanolic Extracts of Leaves of Some Medicinal Plants / Sudipa Nag, Anirban Paul and Rituparna Dutta / International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2013
(7)
Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Bauhinia acuminata Leaves / VIPINLAL VASUDEVAN, JOSEPH MATHEW,* and SABULAL BABY / Asian Journal of Chemistry; Vol. 25, No. 4 (2013), 2329-2330
(8)
Antibacterial Activity of Bauhinia acuminata L. Seed Protein Extract with Low Hemolytic Activity Against Human Erythrocytes / Karaket Phansri, Rakrudee Sarnthima, Sompong Thammasirirak, Pasakorn Boonchalee, and Saranyu Khammuang* / Chiang Mai J. Sci. 2011; 38(2) : 242-251

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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