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Family Sapotacea
Madhuca betis
(Blanco) J.F.Macbr.

Scientific names Common names
Azaola betis Blanco Bakaiau (Pang.)
Bassia betis Merr. Baniti (Bik.)
Illipe betis (Blanco) Merr. Banitis (Bik.)
Isonandra betis (Blanco) Baehni Betis (Pamp., Tag., Bik.)
Madhuca betis (Blanco) J.F.Macbr. Manilig (Mag.)
Madhuca philippinensis Merr. Pappagai (Ibn.)
Payena betis F.-Vill. Pappagan (Ibn.)
  Piañga (Ibn., Ilk.)
  Piañgan (Ibn.)
Madhuca betis (Blanco) J.F.Macbr. is an accepted name The Plant List

Betis is a good-sized tree reaching a height of 30 meters. Bark is brown and ridged. Leaves are clustered at the ends of the branchlets, oblong-obovate, 20 to 25 centimeters long, 7 to 9 centimeters wide, smooth on the upper surface, very hairy beneath, pointed at both ends. Flowers are numerous, hairy, pale white, borne in rounded clusters. Fruit is ellipsoid, brownish, grows upon thickened smooth stalks, 3 to 4 centimeters long, with a large and shiny seed.

- In the Philippines, in primary forests at low altitudes, in the Luzon provinces of Cagayan, Cavite, Rizal, Quezon, and the Camarines; in Mindoro and Mindanao.
- Also reported in the primary lowland forests of Indonesia and Borneo.
- Threatened by habitat loss. Listed in the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

- Seeds yield an oil used for illuminating.

Wood is pale red, hard and heavy.

Parts used
Bark, leaves and latex.

- Bark and leaves of the plant used for stomach pains in children.
- Latex applied to abdomen to expel worms.
- Bark powder provokes sneezing.
- Wood used in building wharfs, bridges and ships; as foundation posts of houses.
- Seed oil used as illuminant.

No studies found.


Last Update April 2016

IMAGE SOURCE: Illustration from Minor Products of Philippine Forests / Vol 2 / William Brown and Arthur Fisher / Figure 56 / Bassia betis (Betis) Source of betis oil / 1920 / Modified by G. Stuart
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photos of Madhuca plant published at PhytoImages.siu.edu could very well be photos of Madhuca betis / Click on the link to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Madhuca betis / Synonyms / The Plant List

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