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Family Commelinaceae
Commelina benghalensis Linn.
Fan bao cao

Scientific names Common names
Commelina benghalensis Linn. Alibangon (Tag.)
Commelina canescens Vahl. Bias-bias (Tag., Pamp.)
Commelina cavaleriel H.Lév. Kabilau (Bis.)
Commelina cuculiata L. Kuhasi (Iv.)
Commelina delicatula Schltdl. Kulkul-lasi (Ilk.)
Commelina hirsuta R.Br. Sabilau (Bis.)
Commelina mollis Jacq. Sambilau (Bis.)
Commelina nervosa Burm.f. Uligbongon (Tag.)
Commelina poligama Fern.-Vill. Benghal dayflower (Engl.)
Commelina procurrens Schltdl. Dew flower (Engl.)
Commelina prostata Regel Tropical spiderwort (Engl.)
Commelina radiciflora R.Br. ex C.B.Clarke Wandering Jew (Engl.)
Commelina rhizocarpa Afzel. ex C.B.Clarke Whiskered commelina (Engl.)
Commelina senegalensis Ten.  
Commelina turbinata Vahl  
Commelina uncata C.B.Clarke  
Commelina villosiuscula Sol. ex C.B.Clarke  
Alibangon, one of the local names for Commelina benghalensis, shares a confusing phonetic similarity with (1) Aligbangon, Tradescantia rufa, and (2) Alikbangon, Commelina diffusa.
Commelina benghalensis L. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Kanshira, Kanaibashi, Dholpata.
CHINESE: Huo chai tou, Zhu ye cai, Luan ye yi zhi cao, Yuan ye yi zhi cao, Fen bao cao.
HINDI: Kanchara, Kanteri, Kanuraka, Kaua-kaini.
INDONESIA: Pentugan, Kekupu, Tali korang.
KANNADA: Hittagani.
LAOS: Kaab pii.
MALAYALAM: Kanankolai, Kancatam.
MALAYSIA: Rum put mayiam.
MYANMAR: Myet-cho.
SANSKRIT: Kanchata, Marishajalaja, Paniya, Vatspriya.
TAMIL: Adutinna-thalai.
VIETNAM: D[aaf]u ri[eef]u, th[af]i l[af]i l[oo]ng.

Bias-bias is a perennial mucilaginous plant, slender, creeping or ascending, branched, up to 70 centimeters and usually pubescent. Stems root at the nodes. Leaves are oval, 4 to 7 centimeters long and pointed at both ends. The spathes are 1 to 3 together, green, funnel-shaped, compressed, about 1.5 centimeters long and wide. Flowers are blue, with long stalks in anthesis, fascicled, several in each spathe, with the petal 3 to 4 millimeters long. Capsules are 4 to 5 millimeters long.

- Common in open grasslands and waste places in the settled areas, at low and medium altitudes, throughout the Philippines.
- Also occurs in tropical Africa and Asia to Japan and Malaya.

- Anthocyanins, dammarane triterpene, sterols, campesterol.
- Phytochemical screening yielded phlobatannins, carbohydrates, tannins, glycosides, volatile oils, resins, balsams, flavonoids and saponins. Terpenes, sterols, anthraquinones, and phenols were absent. Pharmacognostic analysis yielded moisture of 11.60%, ash value 6.24%, water soluble extractive value of 22.45%, alcohol soluble extractive value of 5.99%, and acid insoluble ash of 1.21%. (11)
- Roots yield carotenoid, flavocommelin, campesterol, n-octacosanol, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, beta-carotene .
- Alcoholic extract yielded flavanoids, sterols, carotenoids.
- FTIR spectroscopic study of various extracts of roots yielded various functional compounds such as alkenes, aliphatic amines, aromatics, akyl halides, carboxylic acid, alcohols, ester, aldehydes, and ketones. (see study below) (37)
- Phytochemical screening of hydroalcoholic extract (70%) of leaf powder yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, sterols, saponins, tannins and phenolic compound, flavonoids, protein and free amino acid, terpenids, mucilage, betacyanin, quinone, phlobatannins, carotenoids. The aqueous extract yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, sterols, saponins, tannins and phenolic compound, flavonoids, protein and free amino acid, mucilage, emodin, quinone, phlobatannins, carotenoids. (44)

- Properties
- Leaves are mucilaginous and slightly bitter.
- Considered febrifugal, anti-inflammatory, demulcent, emollient, hypotensive, CNS depressant, diuretic, refrigerant, laxative and astringent.
- Studies have suggested antibacterial, analgesic, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, lipoxygenase inhibitory, anti-dengue, antioxidant, andti-diabetic, nephroprotective, hepatoprotective, antidiarrheal, anthelmintic, diuretic, sedative, anxiolytic properties.

Part utilized
Whole plant, leaves, stems.

Edibility / Nutrition
- Leaves are edible.
- A famine food in India.
- In Africa and India, leaves and stems cooked as vegetables.
- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- The entire plant, in decoction, is used as an emollient collyrium.
- Also used to combat strangury.
- In Cameroon, stem used for probing wounds.
- In Kenya, used in conjunctival problems associated with measles.
- In India, used in treatment of leprosy and nervous system disorders. Also, reported use for mouth thrush, conjunctival inflammation, psychosis, epilepsy, insanity and exophthalmia.
- In China, used as diuretic, febrifuge and anti-inflammatory.
- In Southern Africa, used to combat infertility.
- In Bangladesh , used for otitis media, suppurative sores, snakebites, swelling and burns. Also used for conjunctivitis, cataracts, night blindness, pain (headaches and toothaches), skin diseases (eczema, abscesses, acne, scabies, warts), respiratory tract disorders.
Mastitis: External application of poultice of stems of Wattakaka volubilis and leaves of Commelina benghalensis over the affected udder.
Fodder: In Africa and India, used as feed for livestock; elsewhere, a grazing feed for goats, with its high moisture and protein content.
- Dye: Flowers yield a dye.

Carotenoid Composition:
In a study to determine the carotenoid composition of green leafy vegetable, Chenopodium album, C benghalensis and Solanum nigrum were found to contain higher levels of both lutein and beta carotene. (1)
Antibacterial: (1) Studies have shown antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, E coli and B subtilis and supports its use in formulations for ethnoveterianry use for mastitis. (2) Among crude extracts of C. benghalensis, the diethyl etheric extract was highly active against all the 10 bacteria species tested. The results offer scientific basis for the traditional use of the plant against infection by burns and wounds. (3) In a study evaluating whole and dried plant extracts for antimicrobial activity, dried plant material yielded greater amounts of extractives. The ethanol extracts were superior to the aqueous extracts. The ethanolic extracts showed activity against C albicans, E coli, S aureus comparable to nystatin and gentamicin.
Analgesic / Aerial Parts: Study showed C. benghalensis aerial parts possesses significant analgesic action probably through inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, antioxidant activity and a central analgesic mechanism. Results provide a scientific basis for it folkloric use for pain treatment. (8)
Anti-Cancer: Study showed the methanolic extract of CB contains bioactive compounds that may be beneficial in the treatment of malignant growths, probably through an antineoplastic activity consequent to dysregulated expression of apoptosis-responsive genes.
Antiproliferative / Anti-Lymphoma: Study showed C. benghalensis has anti-proliferation properties against Wil-2NS lymphoma cells. (13)
Hepatoprotective / Paracetamol Induced Hepatotoxicity: Study evaluated the hepatoprotective activity of various root extracts in paracetamol-induced liver damage model in Wistar rats. An aqueous and alcoholic extract showed significant hepatoprotective activity, and the latter showed efficacy comparable to N-acetyl l-cystine. (19)
Sedative / Anxiolytic / Aerial Parts: Study investigated the sedative and anxiolytic properties of four different fractions of aerial parts. Results showed the chloroform and pet ether soluble fraction to have significant in vivo dose-dependent sedative and anxiolytic effects. (20)
Heavy Metal Phytoremediation: Study showed a potential for plant use for heavy metal sequestration from urban stream sediments, with good accumulation in roots suggesting good phytostabilization. (21)
Diuretic Activity: Study evaluated the diuretic effect of a methanolic extract on experimental rats. Results showed the MECB extract produced notable diuretic effect comparable to reference drug furosemide. (22)
Analgesic / Anti-Inflammatory / Roots: Study evaluated an ethanol extract of CB roots for analgesic activity in Swiss albino mice. The extract showed dose dependent central (hot plate and tail flick tests) and peripheral analgesic (acetic acid induced writhing test) activities in all the experimental models. It also showed anti-inflammatory activity with significant inhibition of carrageenan induced paw edema. (24)
Toxicity Study / Anti-Inflammatory: Study evaluated a hydroalcoholic extract of leaves for acute and sub-acute toxicity in female Wistar rats. LD50s showed the Commelina extract to be safe. In acute toxicity study, there was no toxic reactions and mortality up to a dose of 2000 mg/kg. In subacute toxicity study, at extract dose of 200 and 400 mg/kbw p.o. for 14 days, there was not mortality nor considerable changes in measured parameters. Study using carrageenan-induced paw edema, cotton pellet granuloma, and xylene induced ear edema models showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in all three models. (25)
Lipoxygenase Inhibitory Activity: Study evaluated the lipoxygenase inhibitory activity of methanol leaf extracts of C. benghalensis, Tradescantia fluminensis and T. zebrina. All extracts showed significant lipoxygenase inhibition, and all three showed positive results for the presence of flavonoids. Flavonoids have been shown to inhibit lipoxygenase activity and may be responsible for the inhibitory activity of the extracts. (26)
Potential Forage for Ruminants: Study evaluated the potential of C. benghalensis as forage for ruminants, effects of plant maturity on composition, rumen degradability, digestibility and N balance. Results showed advancing maturity affected the chemical composition, but not rumen degradability. Inclusion of CB in Sorghum almum diet improved intake, digestibility and N intake, suggesting its potential as food supplement. (27)
Anti-Tumor: Study showed crude methanolic extract of CB exhibited growth inhibitory and proapoptotic effects in Jurkat T and Wil-2 NS cancer cell lines. This study investigated the precise molecular mechanisms associated with the CMECB-induced growth inhibitory and apoptosis inducing effects. Results showed a significant reduction in cell viability and inhibition of proliferation of experimental cell cultures. Study confirmed apoptosis as the mode of cell death. Results showed CMECB induces its anticancer activity by inducing G2/M phase arrest and mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis independent of p53 protein activity. (28)
Nephroprotective / Quinalphos (QP) Induced Oxidative Stress on Kidney Tissue: Study investigated the protective and curative effect of CG and Cissus quadrangularis against quinalphos induced oxidative stress in kidney tissue. Results showed nephroprotection from cell damage caused by QP. Bot CBE and CQE restored the level of kidney markers. Among the two, CQE showed better protection compared to CBE. (29)
Anti-Tumor / Antiproliferative / Apoptotic / Stems: Study evaluated the subfractions of acetone extracts of C. benghalensis stems on growth-associated molecular events of apoptosis and cell division cycle of Jurkat-T (JT) cells. F1 and F2 fractions inhibited proliferation and viability of JT cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Results suggest a potential for the fractions as lead compounds for the development of novel antineoplastic drugs. (30)
Antioxidant / Terpenoids and Phytosterols / Aerial Parts: Study of n-hexane fractionate of methanol extract of C. benghalensis isolated dammara-12-en-3-one (CB-1), stigmasterol (CB-2), and 3(2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxy)-cinnamoyl dammara-12-ene (CB-3), The three compounds showed DPPH radical scavenging activity with IC50s of 790.18, 4186.94, and 2000.16 µg/mL, respectively. Results showed compounds 1 and 3, two new dammarane-type triterpene and CB-3, a phytosterol showed mild antioxidant property. (31)
Wound Healing / Roots: Study of alcohol and aqueous extracts of roots of C. benghalensis for wound healing activity using incision, excision, and dead space wound models measuring wound contraction, epithelization time and tensile strength. Results showed significant wound healing activity. (32)
Antidiarrheal / Anthelmintic // Leaves: Study evaluated a methanol extract of C. benghalensis leaves for antidiarrheal activity in a Swiss albino mice model and anthelmintic activity in Tubifex tubifex. At 2-- and 400 mg/kg there was significant dose dependent antidiarrheal effect in castor oil induced diarrhea. The extract showed anthelmintic activity in measures of paralysis and time of death. In addition, the extract was found safe at doses of 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 mg/kg in mice model. (33)
Thrombolytic / Cytotoxic / Leaves: Study evaluated the thrombolytic and cytotoxic properties of C. benghalensis leaves. Brine shrimp lethality bioassay showed an LC50 of 278.69 µg/mL compared with standard vincristine sulphate at 0.512 µg/mL. There was significant thrombolytic activity (40.94%) compared with standard strep;tokinase (75%). (34)
Modulation of Anti-Cancer Activity / Inhibition of Cell Proliferation: Study evaluated the possible molecular mechanisms associated with the potential anticarcinogenic property of C. benghalensis. Jurkat T cells were exposed to different concentrations of the crude methanolic extract to evaluated growth inhibitory and apoptosis inducing effects. Results showed a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation followed by a decrease in cell viability. The antineoplastic activity was attributed to dysregulated expression of apoptosis-responsive genes. (7)
Antinociceptive / Whole Plant: Study evaluated the antinociceptive activity of a methanol extract of C. benghalensis using acetic acid induced writhing test and formalin induced test. Results showed significant (p<0.05 - <0,01) dose dependent antinociceptive activity in both tests. Diclofenac was used as reference drug. (35)
Antidiabetic / Whole Plant: Study evaluated the antidiabetic activity of methanolic extract of whole plant of C. benghalensis in alloxan-induced diabetic male albino rats. The ME at doses of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg i.o. showed significant antidiabetic activity, There was also significant reduction of blood cholesterol (p<0.01) and triglyceride (p<0.05). (36)
Antioxidant / Anticancer / Root: Study evaluated the antioxidant potential and anticancer activity of various solvent extracts (methanol, ethanol, benzene, chloroform, n-hexane) of C. benghalensis roots. The extracts showed antioxidant potential using DPPH and reducing power assay. The chloroform extract showed the most significant cytotoxic effect on MDA-MB-231 (breast cancer) cell line by inducing apoptosis and reduced migratory potential of the cells.(see constituents above) (37)
Anti-Dengue Virus Activity / Prophylactic Treatment: Study elucidated the in vitro ENNV=2 inhibitory activities by extracts of R. dentatus, A. bracteosa, Commelina benghalensis and Z. mauritiana, as well as gallic acid and emodin. The extracts exerted antiviral activities by prophylactic treatment but not by post-infection treatment. (38)
Antibacterial / Antiproliferative against W12 NS Lymphoma Cells: Study evaluated the antioxidative, antibacterial, and antiproliferative activity of organic solvents extracted crude extract from C. benghalensis, The extracts showed antibacterial activity against test pathogens i.e. E. coli, E. faecalis, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. n-Hexane and DCM extracts demonstrated concentration-dependent inhibitory activity against Wil-2 NS cancerous lymphoma cells.(39)
Acute and Sub-Acute Toxicity Testing / Leaves: Study evaluated acute and subacute toxicity of Commeliina benghalensis and N. laevis ethanol leaf extracts in Wistar rats. The oral LD50 pf C. benghalensis and N. laevis were >5000 mg/kg, with reductions of AST and ALP without any effect on total protein. There were no histological changes in the liver, kidney, and heart tissues. (40)
Antidepressant / Whole Plant: Study evaluated the antidepressant activity of methanol extract of C. benghalensis leaves using forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST). Results showed significant decrease in the duration of immobility in both animal models of FST and TST. (41)
Heavy Metal Indicators: Heavy metals pose potential threats to terrestrial and aquative lives. Study showed Commelina benghalensis and Ipomoea pes-caprae have potentials as excellent bioindicators of Zn Pb, Cu and Cd, with higher preference to Pb, Cu, and Cd. The potential in both species is more prominent in stem and leaf than in root. Seasonal variation may be due to greater wash-in of metals from petroleum production activities during the wet season. (42)
Anti-Inflammatory / Leaves: Metal Indicators: Study evaluated petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride and ethanol extracts of C. benghalensis leaves for anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats by carrageenan induced paw edema using diclofenac as reference standard. Results showed anti-inflammatory activity at dose of 500 mg/kbw with the ethanol extract showing most significant activity. (43)


Updated August 2021 / December 2015

IMAGE SOURCE / Public Domain / File:ARS - Commelina benghalensis.jpg / Herb Pilcher / Tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis) / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Carotenoid composition and vitamin A activity of medicinally important green leafy vegetables / Marisiddaiah Raju et al / Food Chemistry, Volume 101, Issue 4, 2007, Pp 1598-1605
/ doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.04.015
Kaua-kaini (Commelina benghalensis Linn.) / Pankaj Oudhia
Studies on Grazing Behavior of Goats in the Cook Islands: TheAnimal-Plant Complex in Forage Preference/Palatability Phenomena / INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE & BIOLOGY / 1560–8530/2006/08–2–147–153
Mokgotho M.P., Masoko P., Mbazima V.G., Sibuyi N. and Mampuru L.J. (2009). The acetone extract from dried materials of Commelina benghalensis have enhanced effect on the cancerous Jurkat T cells. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 6(2):486
Mokgotho M.P., Masoko P., Mbazima V.G., Lebogo K.W. and Mampuru L.J. (2009). Wil-2 NS lymphoma cell line shows apoptotic features when treated with traditional medicine Commelina benghalensis. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 6(2):394-395

Alteration of Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio modulates the anticancer activity of methanolic extract of Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) in Jurkat T cells / Vusi G Mbazima et al / African Journal of Biotechnology, Oct 2008; 7(20): pp 3569–3576
Analgesic Activity of the Different Fractions of the Aerial Parts of Commelina benghalensis Linn / S M Raquibul Hasan et al / Int. J. Pharmacol., 6: pp 63-67. / DOI: 10.3923/ijp.2010.63.67
DPPH free radical scavenging activity of some Bangladeshi medicinal plants / S M Raquibul Hasan et al / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 3(11), pp. 875-879, November, 2009
A Comparative Analysis of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Healers in Three Districts of Bangladesh and Inquiry as to Mode of Selection of Medicinal Plants / Ariful Haque Mollik et al / www.ethnobotanyjournal.org/vol8/i1547-3465-08-195.pdf
Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Analysis of Commelina benghalensis L. / Ibrahim J, Ajaegbu V et al / Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14: 610-15. 2010.
Antibacterial activity of different fractions of Commelina benghalensis L. / Mohammad A A Khan, Mohammad T Islam et al / Der Pharmacia Sinica, 2011, 2 (2): 320-326
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION OF THE FRESH AND DRIED WHOLE PLANT EXTRACTS FROM Commelina Benghalensis. / Cuellar Cuellar Armando et al / Rev. Colombiana cienc. Anim. 2(1).2010
Commelina benghalensis L. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(16 )
Commelina benghalensis / Common names / efloraofindia
Commelina benghalensis / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
An Effcient Method For Extracting Lutein From Indian Medicinal Plant Commelina benghalensis. A Comparative Study On Solvents Efficiency / T.M.Vatsala, R.Rekha / Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol: 6 Issue: 2 February 2013
Sedative and anxiolytic effects of different fractions of the Commelina benghalensis Linn. / Raquibul Hasan SM, Hossain MM, Akter R, Jamila M, Mazumder EH, Rahman S. / Drug Discov Ther. 2009 Oct; 3(5): pp 221-227.
Heavy metal phytoremediation by Commelina benghalensis (L) and Cynodon dactylon (L) growing in Urban stream sediments / K. Sekabira1, H. Oryem–Origa, G. Mutumba, E. Kakudidi and T. A. Basamba / International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Vol. 3(8), pp. 133-142, August 2011
EVALUATION OF DIURETIC ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF Commelina benghalensis L. IN RATS / K. Yalla Reddy, M. Anil kumar, J. Chris vijetha, K. Anil kumar, K. Srinivas /
Commelina benghalensis L. / Synonyms / The Plant List
Analgesic and Anti-Infammatory Activity of Commelina benghalensis Linn. / Faroque HOSSAIN, Sanjib SAHA*, Md. Mohinul ISLAM, Shimana NASRIN, Suraj ADHIKARI / Turk J Pharm Sci 11(1), 25-32, 2014
Preliminary phytochemical, toxicity and anti‑inflammatory evaluation of Commelina benghalensis
/ Bibin baby augustine, Sanjeev Kumar Tiwari, Mangala Lahkar, Suvakanta Dash, Pavan Kumar Samudrala, Jaya Thomas / International Journal of Green Pharmacy 09/2013; 7(3):201-205 / DOI: 10.4103/0973‑8258.120211
15-Lipoxygenase inhibition of Commelina benghalensis, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tradescantia zebrina / Cean Socorro M. Alaba and Christine L. Chichioco-Hernandez* / Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014 Mar; 4(3): pp: 184–188. / doi: 10.1016/S2221-1691(14)60229-X
The potential of Commelina benghalensis as a forage for ruminants / T.P. Lanyasunya, Hongrong Wang, S.T. Kariuki, E.A. Mukisira, S.A. Abdulrazak, N.K. Kibitok, J.O. Ondiek / Animal Feed Science and Technology, Vol 144, Issues 3-4, Pp 185-195, July 2008 / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.10.009
The Effects of Crude Methanolic Extract of Commelina benghalensis Linn on the Expression of Apoptotic and Cell Division Cycle Genes in Jurkat T and Wil-2 NSCancer Cell Lines. / Mbazima, Vusi G. / Thesis-Ph.D. Biochemistry--University of Limpopo, 2009
Optimistic Influence of Commelina benghalensis L. and Cissus quadrangularis L. in Alleviating Protection Against Quinalphos Induced Nephrotic Damages / Dr. P. Kokilavani, Dr. S. Achiraman, Dr. P. Pandilakshmi / IJSR - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, Volume 4, Issue 8, Aug 2015
Semi-purified extracts of Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in Jurkat-T cells / Kgomotso Welheminah LebogoMatlou Phineas Mokgotho, Victor Patrick Bagla, Thabe Moses MatsebatlelaVusi MbazimaLeshwene Jeremiah Shai and Leseilane Mampuru / BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, (ISCMR ) 2014; 14:65 / https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-14-65
Terpenoids and phytosteroids isolated from Commelina benghalensis Linn. with antioxidant activity / Amina Khatun, ahmuhdur Rahman, Mohammad Abdur Rashid et al / J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol., 2019; 31(1) / DOI: 10.1515/jbcpp-2018-0218.
Wound Healing Activity of Root Extracts pf Commelina benghalensis Linn. / S N Sambrekar, P A Patil, Suhas A Patil / Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 29011; 4(11): pp 1772-1776 / pISSN: 0974-3618 / eISSN: 0974-360X
Study of antidiarrheal and anthelmintic activity of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis leaves / Mohammad Shah Hafez Kabir, Abul Hasanat, Tanvir Ahmad Chowdhury, Mohammad Mamun Ur Rashid, Mohammed Muhawar Hossai, Shabbir Ahmed / African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Aug 2015; 10(32): pp 657-664 / DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJPP2015.4434
Thrombolytic and cytotoxic activity of methanolic extract of Commelina benghalensis (Famiily: Commelinaceae) Leaves / Tanvir Ahmed Chowdhury, Abul Hasanat, Md Jakaria, A T M Mostafa Kamal, Mohammed Munawar Hossain et al /Journal of Scientific & Innovative Research, 2015; 4(2): pp 100-104
Antidiabetic activity and phytochemical investigation on the whole plant of Commelina benghalensis Linn. in male albino rat / Himanshu P S Gurjar, Dr Raghuveer Irchhaiya, Dr Amita Vermas / Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics, Mar-Apr 2016; 6(2) / DOI: https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v6i2.1200
In vitro antioxidant and anti-cancer activities and ohytochemical analysis of Commelina benghalensis L. root extracts / Riffat Batool, Ejaz Aziz et al / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2020; 10(9): pp 417-425 / DOI: 10.4103/2221-1691.290133
Inhibitory activities of extracts of Rumex dentatus, Commelina benghalemsis, Ajuga bracteosa, Ziziphus mauritiana as well as their compounds of gallic acid and emodin against dengue virus / Riffat Batool, Ejaz Aziz, Tariq Mahmood, Benny K H Tan, Vincent T K Chow / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2-18; 11(4): pp 265-271 / DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.231466
Isolation and Characterisation of Bioactive Compoiunds from Commelina benghalensis Linn: Biological activity analysis of extracts against Wil-2 NS lymphoma cancer cell lines and selected pathogenic microorganisms / Matlou P Mokgotho / Research Thesis, 2009, University of Limpopo
Acute and Sub-acute Toxicity Evaluation of Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) and Newbouldia laevis (Bignoniaceae) Ethanol Leaf Extracts in Wistar Rats / A E Esom-Ibe, O O Ebong, J S Aprioju / Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology / DOI: 10.9734/JABB/2018/40523
Antidepressant activity of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis Linn. whole plant / Nishan Chakrabarty, Tanvir, Ahmad Chowdhury et al / World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 5(7): pp 1726-1733 / ISSN: 2277-7105
Commelina benghalensis and Ipomoea pes-caprae as Indicators of Heavy Metal Contamination along Mobil Terminal Operational Base, Niger Delta, NNigeria / U U Umoh, S F Dan, Okon E E Duke / Journal of Academia and Industrial Research, Oct 2014; 3(5)
Anti-inflammatory activity of Commelina benghalensis Linn. feaf extracts / Baboo R V C, Dhandapani B, Velmani G / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutivcal Sciences, 2009; 2(1): pp 49-50 / ISSN: 0974-2115 / Rec No: 20093221170
Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical Studies including Isolation of Lutein and Its Sun Protection Factor, In Vitro Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Arthritic and Antioxidant Activity of Commelina benghalensis Linn / Subramani R / Thesis, 2019

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

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