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Family Convulvulaceae
Cabello de angel
Ipomoea quamoclit Linn.
CYPRESS VINE

Niao luo

Scientific names  Common names
Convolvulus pennatifolius Salisb.  Agau (Tag.)
Convolvulus pennatus Desr.  Cabello de angel (Span.)
Convolvulus quamoclit (L.) Spreng.  Lumpitan (Mag.)
Ipomoea quamoclit Linn. Malabukbok (Tag.)
Quamoclit pennata (Desr.) Bojer Malmarama (C. Bis.)
Quamoclit vulgaris Choisy Piros-piros (C. Bis.)
  Sailatan (Sul.)
  Silauak-an-kambing (Sul.)
  Tartaraok (Ilk.)
  Tentenedor (Ilk.)
  Star of Bethlehem (Engl.)
  Cardinal climber (Engl.)
  Cupid's flower (Engl.)
  Cypress vine (Engl.)
  Indian pink (Engl.)
  Star glory (Engl.)
Quamoclit pennata (Desr.) Bojer is a synonym of Ipomoea quamoclit L. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Kunja lota.
CHINESE: Niao luo.
HINDI: Kamlata.
MALAYALAM: Suriyakanthi.
MARATHI: Vishnukranti.
TAMIL: Mayilmannikkam, Kembumalligai.

Botany
Cabello de angel is a slender, twining, smooth vine growing 4 to 6 meters or more. Leaves are ovate, 4 to 7 centimeters long, dark green, and pinnately divided into numerous, linear, distant segments. Cymes are axillary, containing few, erect flowers; the peduncles are 4 to 9 millimeters long. Corolla is deep red and salver shaped; the tube about 2 centimeters long and slightly enlarged upward; the limb spreading, 1.5 to 2 centimeters in diameter, and distinctly 5-lobed. Fruit is a capsule, ovoid, 7 to 8 millimeters long, with smooth, black seeds.

Distribution
- Found in Ilocos Norte, Bontoc, Nueva Viscaya, La Union, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Albay, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Panay, Negros, Cebu and Mindanao, in thickets at low and medium altitudes.
- Cultivated in urban gardens.
- Now thoroughly naturalized.
- Native of tropical America.
- Now pantropic.

Constituents
- Leaves are reported to contain small amounts of alkaloids.
- Traces of hydrocyanic acid are also present in roots, stems and flowers.
- Resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds provided five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F, along with six organic acids, isobutyric, 2S-methylbutyric, tiglic, 2R,3R-nilic, 7S-hydroxydecanoic, and 7S-hydroxydodecanoic acids. (See studies below) (3)
- Phytochemical analysis of whole plant yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, saponns, phytosterols, phenolic compounds, tannins flavonoids, proteins, amino acids, terpenoids, gums and mucilages. (see study below) (8)
- Proximate analysis of whole plant yielded 9.68% total ash, 3.57% acid insoluble ash, 2.95% water soluble ash, 3.49% sulphated ash, 12.92% alcohol soluble extractive value, 9.45% water soluble extractive values, 5.41% ether soluble extractive value and 5.25% moisture content. (9)


Properties
- Roots are considered an effective sternutatory.
- Hindus consider the plant to have cooling properties.


Uses
Folkloric
- In the Philippines, leaves are used as poultices for bleeding hemorrhoids.
- Crushed leaves used for carbuncles.
- Seeds reportedly used as laxative by the Sino-Annamites.
- In Queensland, used as purgative, as snuff, and for snake bites.
- In India, powdered roots given as sternutatory; pounded leaves applied to bleeding piles.
- In Spain, powdered roots used as sternutatory; pounded leaves used for hemorrhoids, ulcers and breast pain.
- In
Brazil, aerial parts used as depurative or antibiotic.
(5)
- Kani tribe in
Kerala, apply leaf paste over the throat for splinters. (6)
- In the Antilles, roots are considered an effective sternutatory and the latex used for coryza.
- In Siddha medicine, leaves used for piles and diabetes; the leaf and stem decoction used for fever.
- In Ayurveda, leaves are used for stabilizing the gravid uterus.

Studies
New Glycosidic Acids:
Study isolated two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H from the glycosidic acid fraction. (2)
Glycosidic Acids: Alkaline hydrolysis of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds yielded five new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids B, C, D, E, and F along with six organic acids.
Quamoclinic acids E and F are the first examples of heptaglycosides of glycosidic acid. (See constituents above) (3)
Anti-Diabetic: Study evaluated the anti-diabetic activity of whole plant of I. quamoclit against STZ-induced diabetic rats. A hydroalcoholic extract of whole plant showed significant reduction in blood glucose.(see constituents above) (8)
Antiproliferative: Study evaluated the anti-proliferative effect of various extracts of Ipomoea quamoclit leaves against MCF-7 (breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (cervix adenocarcinoma), CNE-1 (nasopharyngeal carcinoma, HT-29 (colorectal adenocarcinoma) and 3T3 (normal mouse fibroblast) cell lines. The methanol leaf extract showed the highest anti-proliferative activity against the tested cell lines. (9)
Antioxidant: Study evaluated the antioxidant activity of P. paniculata and Ipomoea quamoclit whole plants. Ipomoea quamoclit yielded total flavonoids of 49.26 (quercetin) and total phenols of 39.32 mg/g (gallic acid). Both plants exhibited significant antioxidant activity by various assays. (10)

Availability
Wildcrafted.
Cultivated.

Seeds in the cybermarket.

Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Updated
October 2015


Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / File:Cyprus vine flower.jpg / 23 July 2006 / Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/opyadav/195145611/ Author http://www.flickr.com/photos/opyadav/ Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license / click on image to go to source page / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Line Drawing / Quamoclit quamoclit (L.) Britton, nom. inval. - QUQU / USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 42. / USDA
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Pharmacognostical Identification of Stem and Root of Ipomoea quamoclit (Linn.) / K. Rajendran, K.K. Srinivasan, and Annie Shirwaikar / Natural Product Sciences 13(4) : 273-278 (2007)
(2)
Two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H, of the resin glycosides (Convolvulin) from the seeds of Quamoclit pennata / Masateru Ono, Masae Imao, Kazumoto Miyahara / Chemical pharmaceutical bulletin (2010), Volume: 58, Issue: 9, Pages: 1232-1235
(3)
Components of Ether-Insoluble Resin Glycoside (Convolvulin) from Seeds of Quamoclit pennata
/ Ono Masateru et al / Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin; ISSN:0009-2363; VOL.58; NO.5; PAGE.666-672; (2010)
(4)
Cypress Vine / Common names / Flowers of India
(5)
Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities screening of some Brazilian medicinal plants used in Governador Valadares district / Beatriz Gonçalves Brasileiro1, Virgínia Ramos Pizziolo, Délio Soares Raslan, Claudia Mashrouah Jamal, Dâmaris Silveira / Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 42, n. 2, abr./jun., 2006
(6)
Traditional remedies of Kani tribes of Kottor reserve forestm Agasthyavanam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
/ Arun Vijayan, Liju V B, Reena John JV, Parthipan B & Renuka C / Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 6(4), Oct 2007, Pp 589-594.
(7)
Ipomoea quamoclit L. / Synonyms / The Plant List
(8)
Anti-diabetic activity of Ipomoea quamoclit in Streptozotocin Induced diabetic rats / Raveendra Reddy J, Sanjeeva Kumar A, Rama Mohan Gupta V / Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2015; 4(1): 68-71
(9)
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND STANDARDIZATION PARAMETERS OF IPOMOEA QUAMOCLIT LINN WHOLE PLANT- AN ETHNOMEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT / Sanjeeva Kumar Avvari, Raveendra Reddy J, Rama Mohan Gupta V / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacetical Sciences, Vol6, Issue 7, 2014
(9)
Anti-Proliferative Activity and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Ipomoea quamoclit Leaf Extracts / Ket Li Ho, Wei Ern Chung, Kah Ee Choong, Yan Li Cheah, Ee Ying Phua and Ramamurthy Srinivasan / Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, 9: 127-134. / DOI: 10.3923/rjmp.2015.127.134
(10)
In vitro Antioxidant Activity of Porana paniculata and Ipomoea quamoclit-Two Ethnomedicinally Important Plants of Convolvulaceae Family / A. Sanjeeva Kumar*, J. Raveendra Reddy and V. Rama Mohan Gupta / British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 5(4): 286-293, 2015, Article no.BJPR.2015.028
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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