Everlasting is a stout annual herb
growing to a height of 30 to 60 centimeters , with terete and sparingly branched
stems. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, with entire margins,
and narrowed at the base. Blade is green on both sides. Flower head
is terminal, up to 6 centimeters across, golden yellow, pink, orange to ivory
white, enclosed by strawlike imbricated bracts of varying colors of
red, yellow, brown and white.
- Common in the Nilgiris and Kodaikanal hills of south India.
Thrives best in the
high altitudes, i.e., Baguio and Tagaytay .
• Reported to yield lignins and aurones.
• Studies have
yielded flavonoids with a predominance of apigenin and luteolin along
with 7-glucoside. source
• Study yielded four flavones and five flavanols. (See
• Ethanol extract of flowers yielded eleven compounds: subscandenin (1), prunin(2), eriodictyol 5-O-Î²-D-glucopyranoside (3), pyracanthoside (4), quercetin (5), luteolin (6), chrysocriol (7), isoorientin (8), caffeic acid(9), piperitol(10) and 4-hydroxymethyl-l-methoxycarbonylazulene(11). (4)
• Study of anthocyanins in the flower petals yielded a pure anto-cyanin chloride, cyanin glucosdie. (6)
• Study of flowers (golden yellow, pink, ivory white) yielded polyphenolic compounds: luteolin (GY, P, IW), bractein (GY, P), cernuoside (GY, P), caffeic acid (GY, P, IW), iso-orientin (P), luteolin-7-O-glucoside (IW).
• Considered anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, cicatrisant, liver stimulant.
Flowers, aerial parts.
- No reported folkloric
use in the Philippines.
- Plant used for wound dressing.
favorite decorative or altar flower, as it lasts indefinitely when dried.
• Scentless when fresh, but said to repel moths when dried.
• Oil used to flavor tobacco and as fixative in perfume and cosmetics.
• Gamma-pyrone: A
2007 study yielded a new gamma- pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from
H. bracteatum. Of seven compounds isolated, 4 were from aerial parts,
3 from flowers. Gamma-pyrone compounds were considered potential anti-cancer
• Antiinflammatory / Hepatoprotective:
Study yielded four flavones, five flavonols, six caffeoyl derivatives
of quinic acid from the flowers and aerial parts of Helichrysum bracteatum.
The flavonol bractein was the most potent anti-inflammatory
and antipyretic and the flavonol 3,5-dicaffreoylquinic acid was the
most potent analgesic. The flowers showed significant hepatoprotective