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Family Bignoniaceae
Garlic vine
Pachyptera alliacea (Lamk.) Gentry

Scientific names Common names
Pachyptera alliacea (Lamk.) Gentry Fake garlic (Engl.)
Bignonia alliacea False garlic (Engl.)
Adenocalymma alliaceum Garlic vine (Engl.)
Adenocalymma pachypus Purple garlic vine (Engl.)
Adenocalymma sagotii Wild garlic (Engl.)
Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A. H. Gentry Ajos sacha (Span.)
Pseudocalymma alliaceum  
Pseudocalymma pachypus  
Pseudocalymma sagotti  

Pachyptera alliacea is a shrubby vine, with numerous woody vines from the roots tht grow 2 to 3 meters to a shrub-like appearance. Leaves are ovate, up to 15 centimeters long, with acute tip, leathery, dull to bright green. Flowers are in clusters, borne at the axils of leaves. Petals are usually deep lavender, with a white throat that fade to a pale lavender, then to almost white.

- Naturalized in the Philippines.
- Native to the Amazon rainforest.
- Grown as ornamental in towns and cities.

- Leaves and flowers yield beta sitosterol, stigmasterol, daucosterol, and fucosterol.
- As in garlic, sulfur compounds are also found - alliin and various allyl sulfides.

- Leaves when crushed emit an odor of garlic, with a hint of onion.
- Considered analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, febrifuge, antitussive.

Parts used
Bark, roots, leaves.


Edibility / Culinary
- In the tropics and Amazon rainforest, leaves are used as condiment or spice for its garlic flavor and odor.
- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Elsewhere, a common remedy for pain and inflammation of arthritis.
- Decoction or infusion of leaves used for colds, flu, fever.
- Cold maceration and tincture of roots used as whole body tonic.
- In the Amazon, bark poultice used on bumps, inflammatory swellings. Infusion of bark or leaves used for rheumatism, arthritis, colds, uterine disorders, inflammation and epilepsy. Root prepared in cane alcohol tincture used as whole body tonic. The Amuesha use a leaf tea to aid fertility.
- Stem and leaf decoction for baths to treat fever, influenza, rheumatism, and colds. Decoction of stem fragments used as external wash to treat fatigue, lameness, and lumbago.
- In Venezuela, used as an emetic.
- In Suriname, used for colds, fever, rheumatic complaints, vermifuge, and as tonic in the last month of pregnancy. Decoction and infusion of bark used for general weakness.
- Ritual: Mayans used it in rituals. Used for good luck and to drive evil spirits away. Used by fishermen for purification, to ensure a good catch. Also used in baths to attrach wealth and prosperity. Shamans use it as an ingredient in hallucinogenic potions.

P. alliacea was one of nine common plants studies in India for antimicrobial activity. Eight of 9 plants, including P. alliacea inhibited the growth of the test microorganisms (Aspergillus niger, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli).
Apoptosis / Anti-Breast Cancer: Methanol extract of A. alliaceum flowers was evaluatedfor growth inhibitory activity on estrogen receptor positive and estrogen receptor negative breast cancer cells by MTT assay. Results showed inhibition of both cancer cells through apoptosis induction, and suggests a potential pharmaceutical source of potent secondary anticancer metabolites.

Ajos sacha capsules.
Ingredient in herbal formulations for cold, flu, pain and inflammation.

August 2012

IMAGE SOURCE : Garlic Vine/ Flowers, Nature, Plants / 2 Photos by Krishna / Public Domain Photos

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Pharmacognostic and phytochemical evaluation of aerial parts of Bignonia alliaceae
/ Devang Pandya, Vishal Patel, Tusharbindu Desai, Nirali Chaniyara, Mital Sankhavara and Vaishali Koyani / Int. J. of Pharm. & Life Sci. (IJPLS), Vol. 3, Issue 1: Jan.: 2012, 1339-1344
AJOS SACHA / Tropical Plant Database
Technical Data Report for Ajos Sacha (Mansoa alliacea) / © Copyrighted 2006 by Dr. Leslie Taylor, ND

Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) / Botany.SI.edu
Antimicrobial Activity of Nine Common Plants in Kerala, India / V. K. Sasidharan, T. Krishnakumar and C. B. Manjula / PJS, 1998, Vol. 127 No. 1 January– March
Growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in estrogen receptor-positive and negative human breast carcinoma cells by Adenocalymma alliaceum flower
s / Swarna latha Dugasani, Madhu Katyayani Balijepalli and Mallikarjuna Rao, Pichika / Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy , Volume 3 (3) July - 2009

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