TITLE>Gumihan, Artocarpus sericicarpus, PEDALAI / Alternative Medicine
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Family Moraceae
Artocarpus sericicarpus F.M.Jarrett

Scientific names Common names
Artocarpus sericicarpus F.M.Jarrett Gumihan (Tagalog)
  Gomihan (Bikol)
  Pedalai (General)
Artocarpus sericicarpus F.M.Jarrett is an accepted species. KEW: Plants of the World Online

Other vernacular names
BORNEO: Pedalai.
INDONESIA: Peluntan.
MALAYSIA: Terap, Terap bulu.

Gen info
- Artocarpus is a genus of approximately 60 trees and shrubs of Southeast Asian and Pacific origin, belonging to the mulberry family, Moraceae.
- Artocarpus sericicarpus is a tropical evergreen tree species of the family Moraceae. It is a cousin of jackfruit and breadfruit.

- Etymology: The genus Artocarpus is derived from the Greek words artos (bread) and karpos (fruit). The name was coined by Johann Reinhold Forster and J. George Adam Forster, father-and-son botanists.

Artocarpus sericicarpus is a fairly large tree up to 40 m tall, bole up to 100 cm in diameter. Leaves dark green, elliptical to ovate, base rounded to cuneate, slightly scabrid above, pubescent below, 20–70 cm (8–28 in) by 10–50 cm (4–20 in), with 11-16 pairs of secondary veins, stipules amplexicaul. Male head cylindrical, 15-20 mm across, on a 55-100 mm long peduncle; styles in female head simple. Syncarp ellipsoid to cylindrical, up to 5 cm across, with long, flexuous and solid processes, covered with long hairs. Fruits are globular, up to 15 cm diameter, skin bright orange when ripe, hairy (like rambutan). Pulp is white, very sweet, some say the sweetest in Artocarpus. (2) (3)

- Native to the Philippines.
- Also native to Borneo, Maluku, Sulawesi.
- Commonly found in humid tropics with a mild monsoon climate, in tropical evergreen forests at 500-1000 m altitude.

- Phytochemical screening of fraction 5 of dichloromethane extract yielded flavonoid, polyphenol, and terpenoid compounds. (see study below) (4)

- Fruit considered by some as the tastiest of all Artocarpus.
- Studies have suggested antimalarial, antibacterial, amoebicidal properties.

Parts used
Bark, stems.


- Fruit is edible; the sweet creamy white flesh reportedly very tasty. Some consider it the tastiest of all Artocarpus. Fruit odor not as strong as Marang.
- Seeds are edible, tasty; boiled, dried and roasted or fried.


- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Latex: Sticky latex used in batik making.

- Wood: Used for furniture, house, and boat building. Bark used to make barkcloth.

Antimalarial  / Plasmodium falciparum / Stem Bark:
Study evaluated the active antimalarial fractions from Artocarpus sericicarpus stem bark using n-hexane, dichloromethane, and methanol as solvents against Plasmodium flaciparum 3D7 strain. The extracts showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of >4, 2.11, and > 4 µg/mL, respectively.  Dichloromethane extract yielded 13 fractions, seven of which showed antimalarial activity. Fraction-6 showed highest inhibition with IC50 of 1.53 ± 0.04 µg/mL. Phytochemical screening of fraction 5 of dichloromethane extract yielded flavonoid, polyphenol, and terpenoid, likely antimalarial compounds that strongly inhibited P. falciparum. (4)
Antimicrobial  / Bark: Study of bark extract of A. sericicarpus showed weak antibacterial activity by well diffusion assay against  K. pneumonia and E. aeruginosa with inhibition zone of 6.52 mm and 6.72 mm at 10,000 ppm. (5) Methanol extract of bark showed moderate inhibitory activity against Enterobacter aerogenes and low inhibitory activity against K. pneumonia. (6)
Amoebicidal Activity: Entamoeba histolytica is a protozoan agent causing human amoebiasis, which is responsible for 100,00 deaths annually worldwide. In a study of Indonesian medicinal plants, hexane and DCM extracts of leaves showed 13.14 and 22.79% growth inhibition; methanol extract of stem bark showed 21.36% inhibition. (8)

- Wild-crafted.
- Fruits, seeds, fruit trees in the cybermarket.

Upgated June 2023
February 2023

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photo / Moraceae : Artocarpus sericicarpus / Fruiting twig / Copyright © 2019 by Mark Gregory Q Rule (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz)) [ref. DOL139764] / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Artocarpus sericicarpus fruits /  © Trade Winds Fruit / click on image to go to source page / TradeWindsFruit
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Artocarpus sericicarpus fruit / Pedalai /  © Daleys Fruit : Fruit Trees - Edible Plants / click on image to go to source page / daleysfruit.com.au

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Artocarpus sericicarpus / KEW: Plants of the World Online

Artocarpus sericicarpus / PROSEA: Plants Resources of South East Asia.
Artocarpus sericicarpus / Wikipedia
Artocarpus sericiparpus stem bark coontains antimalarial substances against Plasmodium falciparum / Lidya Tumewu, Lutfah Qurrota A'yun, Hilkatul Ilmi, Achmad Fuad Hafid, Aty Widyawaruyanti / J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol, 2021; 32(4): pp 853-858 / DOI: 10.1515/jbcpp-2020-0397
Exploration of Potential Moraceae as an Antimicrobial Agent for Coliform Bacteria
/ Aliyah Siti sundari, Dwi Wahyu Indriati, Diyantoro / Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences , 2020; 16(S16):  pp 24-28 / eISSN: 2636-9346
Screening of potential plants from Kalamintan as an antimicrobial agent for coliform bacteria / Aliyah S Sundari, Dwi W Indriati et al / Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 2022; 15(10): 4542 /
DOI: 10.52711/0974-360X.2022.00762
Artocarpus / Wikipedia
Amoebicidal Activities of Indonesian Medicinal Plants in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan / Fendi Yoga Wardana, Defi Kartika Sari, Myrna Adianti et al / Proceedings of BROMO Conference, 2018: pp 77-82 / DOI: 10.5220/0008357700770082 / ISBN: 978-989-758-347-6

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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