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Family Apocynaceae
Anodendron borneense
(King & Gamble) D.J.Middleton

Scientific names Common names
Anodendron borneense (King & Gamble) D.J.Middleton Himag (Mindano)
Baissea borneensis Boerl. Lunas tag-uli (Mindanao)
Baissea borneensis var. crassifolia Boerl.  
Cleghornia borneensis King & Gamble  
Micrechites borneensis (King & Gamble) P.T.Li  
Anodendron borneense is an accepted species. KEW: Plants of the World Online

Gen info
- Anodendron is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1844. It is native to most of tropical Asia.  (3)
- Etymology: The genus name Anodendron derives from Greek words ano (climbing) and dendron (tree), referring to the habit. The species epithet Latin borneense refers to Borneo, a locality of natural distribution.

Branchlets glabrous. Inflorescence axillary and/or terminal, glabrous, 4.4-10.5 cm long, bract position variable; Sepals ovate, 1.2-1.8 by 0.7-1 mm, 1.4-2.1 times as long as wide, apex acute to obtuse, glabrous.  Stamens inserted at 0.3-0.6 mm from corolla base which is c. 0.1 of tube length; Ovaries 0.4-0.5 mm long; Fruit of almost parallel follicles, somewhat stipitate, 9-19 cm by 5-6 mm. (Flora Malesiana)

- Native to the Philippines and Borneo. (1)
- A climber growing primarily in the wet tropical biome.

- Phytochemical screening of extracts of stem ethanolic extract yielded stem bark yielded saponins, flavonoids, and steroids. (see study below) (3)

- Studies have suggested antioxidant, antimicrobial properties.

Parts used
Bark, stem.



- In Mindanao, tribe leaders, healers, and community elders use the plant for a varied range of diseases and conditions: cancer, diarrhea, stomach problems, ulcer, toothache, arthritis, rheumatism, pregnancy, body aches, weakness, fatigue, cramps, spasms, relapse and poisoning, Stems used for making tincture and decoctions for oral use to treat colon and prostate cancer, tumors, diabetes, hypertension, pulmonary tuberculosis, impotence, sterility, postpartum care, flatulences, sprains, etc.   (3)
- Stems soaked with coconut oil used for treatment of scabies, impetigo, scarlet fever, boils, skin eruptions, rashes, cuts, and wounds, animal and insect bites, among many others. (3)
- The Agusan Manobo tribe use bark and stem infused in local wine for 6-12 h, one tablespoonful twice daily for gastronintestinal and liver infection. (4) Stem infused with coconut oil applied to cuts and wounds. (5)

Antimicrobial / Antioxidant / Stem Bark:
Study evaluated extracts of air-dried stem bark for antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Agar disc diffusion assay showed growth inhibition of gram inhibition of gram positive S. aureus and B. subtilis, although lower than chloramphenicol. The extract showed more inhibitory activity against fungi C. albicans and A. niger. Stem ethanolic extract showed weak antioxidant activity by DPPH assay with IC50 of 187.2 ppm compared to ascorbic acid 1.74 ppm. (see constituents above) (3)


Note: The page is wanting in images and more botanical information.

May 2023

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Anodendron borneense - Leaves / Danilo Tandang / image from journal article / modified / click on image to go to source page / AJBLS

OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Anodendron borneense / Natural History Museum / click on image or link to go to source page / Natural History Museum

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Anodendron borneense / Synonyms / KEW: Plants of the World Online

Qualitative Analysis of the Antimicrobial, Phytochemical and GC-MS profile of the Stem ethanolic extract from Anodendron borneense (King & Gamble) / Jayson R Pucot, Mark Llyod G Dapar, Cesar G Demayo / Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 2021; 12(2) / DOI: 10.5455/jcmr2021.12.02.27 / ISSN: 2146-8397
Medicinal Plants used by the Manobo Tribe of Prosperidad, Agusan Del Sur, Philippines-an Ethnobotanical Survey / Lyn de la Rosa Paraguison, Danilo Niem Tandang, Grecebio Jonathan Duran Alejandro / Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences, 2020; 9(3) / DOI: 10.5530/ajbls.2020.9.49
Ethnomedicinal plants used for the treatment of cuts and wounds by the Agusan Manobo of Sibagat, Agusan del Sur, Philippines / Mark Lloyd G. Dapar, Ulrich Meve, Sigrid Liede- Schumann, Grecebio Jonathan D. Alejandro / Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 2020 / DOI:10.32859/era.19.31.1-18

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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