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Family Fabaceae
Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth.

Scientific names Common names
Acacia lebbekoides DC. Haluganit (Tag.)
Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth. Lariskis (Ilk.)
Feuilleea lebbekoides (DC.) Kuntze Kariskis (Tag.)
Mimosa carisquis Blanco Maganhop-sa-bukid (Bis.)
Pithecellobium myriophyllum Gagnep. Indian albizia (Engl.)
Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth. is an accepted name. KEW: Plants of the World Online
Kariskis is a common name shared by Albizia lebbekoides, Leucaena glauca, and Pithecolobium subacutum.

Other vernacular names
CAMBODIA: Chamri:ek, Kantri:ek.
INDONESIA: Tarsi, Tarisi, Kedinding, Tekik.
LAOS: Khan hung, Khang hung.
MALAYSIA: Siris, Koko.
MYANMAR: Anya kokko.
THAILAND: Kang, Chamari dong, Chamari pa.
VIETNAM: Ban xe trang, Cam trang, Muong truc, Song ra, Xua.

Albizia lebbekoides is a small to medium-sized tree, 8-15(-32) m tall, trunk up to 40(-80) cm in diameter; branches terete, glabrous, with grayish bark. Leaves alternate, minutely stipulate, bipinnately compound with 5-13 cm long rachis provided with glands near base and top; petiole 2.5-6 cm long; pinnae in 3-8 pairs, with glandular axis, 5-15 cm long; leaflets (5-)15-25(-35) pairs per pinna, (narrowly) oblong, 6-20 mm × 2-6 mm, asymmetric and truncate at base, mucronate at apex, sessile. Flowers in axillary up to 18 cm long panicles composed of 10-15-flowered heads; calyx narrowly campanulate, very small; corolla tubular, 3.5-5 mm long, 5-lobed; stamens numerous, 7-10 mm, filaments united into a tube; ovary superior, sessile and glabrous. Fruit a strap-shaped dehiscent pod, 7-15(-20) cm × 1.5-2 cm, glabrous, chartaceous and dark brown. Seeds up to 12 per pod, obovate or suborbicular, 4.5-7 mm × 3.5-5 mm × 1-1.5 mm, areolate. Specimens aberrant with regard to the width of the pod (up to 2.8 cm), and the size of the leaflets (up to 27 mm × 14 mm) occur on the Lesser Sunda Islands, but no varieties are recognized. (4)

- Native to the Philippines.
- Also native to Cambodia, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Myanmar, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam.
- Commonly in deciduous forests in dry localities, less commonly in savanna and evergreen forests. Found in forest margins, roadsides, along streams, and in forest clearings, at sea level to up to 800 m altitude. (2)

- Study for tannins yielded: bark, 11.04 % extraction (w/w), concentration 150.00 mg/g; branch, 3.93% (w/w),  concentration 17.00 mg/g. (3)
- Study of hexane extract of leaves isolated a new pentacyclic triterpenoid with an oleanane skeleton. Structure was determined as 3ß,16α-dihydroxyolean-6(7),12(13)-dien-28-oic acid. (5)

Parts used


- In Cambodia, bark used for treatment of colic and diarrhea.
- Dye: Provides a red dye used for coloring cloth, known as soga tekik
in eastern Java. (2)
- Tannin: Yields tannin. In Java, occasionally used to tan hides and fishing nets. (2)
- Fermented drink: In the Philippines, tannin-rich bark use in the manufacture of fermented drink from sugar cane, basi.
- Wood: Used for indoor construction.

Antioxidant / Bark:
Chemically-induced oxidative hemolysis is usually associated with formation of Heinz bodies-insoluble precipitates within RBCs, indicating oxidative destruction of hemoglobin. Study evaluated 21 Thai mimosaceous plants for antioxidant activity by Heinze body induction in invitro model. Albizia lebbeckoides bark exhibited 58.90 % Heinz body inhibition. (3)
Pentacyclic Triterpenoid / Leaves: Study of hexane extract of leaves isolated a new pentacyclic triterpenoid. (5)


February 2023

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Photo: Fabaceae : Albizia lebbekoides -  leaf of seedling / Copyright © 2012 by Alexis de Manuel (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL52800] / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu
IMAGE SOURCE: Photo: Fabaceae : Albizia lebbekoides - tree / Copyright © Chine Manita /  Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / iNaturalisGT

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Albizia lebbekoides /  KEW: Plants of the World Online
Albizia lebbekoides /
Cell proliferation activities in vitro model of Thai mimosaceous extracts / T Tunsaringkarn, J Suwansaksri, A Rungsiyothin, A Palasuwan /  Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2014; 6(1): pp 507-511 / ISSN: 0975-7384 / CODEN(USA): JCPRC5
Albizia lebbekoides / PROSEA: Plants Resources of South-East Asia
A New Pentacyclic Triterpenoid from Albizia lebbekoides (DC) Benth (Leguminosae)
/ Yohannes Woldemariam, Irene Villaseñor / KIMIKA: The Journal of the Kapisanang Kimika ng Pilipinas (Chemical Society of the Philippines), 2021; 32(2) / DOI: 10.26534/kimika.v32i2.41-46

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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