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Family Poaceae
Bambusa multiplex name Linn.
Xiao shun zhu

Scientific names Common names
Arundarbor multiplex (Lour.) Kuntze Kawayan sa sonsong (Tag.)
Arundarbor nana (Roxb.) Kuntze Kawayan tsina (Tag.)
Arundarbor glaucescens (Willd.) P.Beauv. Bambu china (Engl.)
Arundo multiplex Lour. . Chinese dwarf bamboo (Engl.)
Bambusa albifolia T.H.Wen & J.J.Hua Dwarf bamboo (Engl.)
Bambusa alphonse-karrii Mitford ex .Wen &Satow Golden goddess bamboo (Engl.)
Bambusa dolichomerithalla Hayata Hedge bamboo (Engl.)
Bambusa glauca Lodd. ex Lindl. Thai silk bamboo (Engl.)_
Bambusa glaucescens (Willd.) Merr.  
Bambusa liukiuensis Hayata  
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult.  
Bambusa nana Roxb.  
Bambusa pubivaginata W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu  
Bambusa shimadae Hayata  
Bambusa strigosa T.H.Wen  
Bambusa textilis var. persistens .B.M.Yang  
Ischurochloa floribunda strigosa Buse  
Leleba amakusensis Nakal  
Leleba dolichomerithalla (Hayata) Nakal  
Leleba elegans Koidz.  
Leleba floribunda f. albovariegata (Makino) Nakal  
Leleba multiplex (Lour.) Nakal  
Leleba shimadae (Hayata.) Nakal  
Ludolfia glaucescens Willd.  
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Xiao shun zhu.
FIJIAN: Wa bitu bitu.
INDONESIAN: Bambu cina, Bhulu pagar.
MYANMAR: Pa-lau-pinan-wa.
NEPAL: Thulo nigalo.
THAI: Phai-liang.

Bambusa multiplex is an evergreen, densely tufted bamboo, culms erect or arching, 1.5 to 7 m tall, internodes 30 to 60 cm long, covered with white wax when young, smooth, glabrous, nodes not swollen. Culm sheaths are smooth, glabrous, light green when young becoming stramineous, apex rounded, blades narrowly to broadly triangular, tapering to the tip, widened at the base to full width of sheath apex. Leaf blades are 6.5 to 14 by 1 to 1.5 cm, base cuneate or rounded,,sheaths glabrous; auricles small with fine bristles. Inflorescence usually borne on leafless branches. Spikelets are slender, cylindrical when young, 15 to 22 mm long or longer, with 2 glumes ad up to 10 florets; lemma glabrous, keels slightly tinged, lodicules 3. (8)

- Introduced.
- Ornamental cultivation.
- Grown as hedge plant and windbreaker.
- Native to China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Indonesia.

- Study of chemical profile of B. multiple cv. Fernlef leaves yielded twelve compounds. C-glycosyl flavonoids, including vitexin, isovitexin, isoorientin and its derivatives were the main constituents. (9)
- The main functional components of bamboo leave extract are flavone C-glycosides including isoorientin,, isovitexin, orientin and vitexin, which are used as marker compounds for determination of commercial products of bamboo-leaf flavonoids. (see study below) (10)

Studies have suggested nutritional, repellent, antioxidant properties.

Parts used
Leaves, shoots.


- Shoots are edible, but bitter. Less bitter when harvested before emerging from the soil and parboiled in water. (2)
- In Fiji, shredded leaves are mixed with water and used as wash for treatment of scabies. (3)
- In Malaysia, tea made from shoots and white peppercorns used as abortifacient. (3)
- Fodder: In Nepal, used as fodder.
- Crafts: Canes split easily and are fairly flexible. Used for making utensils and handicrafts. Culms used as umbrella handles or fishing poles (2)
- Paper: Culms used for making paper. (2)

Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Components:
Study reports on the optimal time for harvesting the edible shoots. Bamboo shoots were harvested on different days (7 to 30 days after emergence from the ground) and analyzed for chemical, nutritional and anti-nutritional components. There was variation in nutritional composition with overall decrease in protein and increase in dietary fiber and carbohydrate content. All nutritional elements except for calcium decreased with shoot maturity. Optimum harvesting age for shoots was 7 to 10 days, with high nutritional content and almost complete absence of anti-nutritional component cyanide. (5)
Repellent / Fly Larvae: Study evaluated three plant species i.e., Tadehagi triquetrum, Uraria crinita, and Bambusa multiplex for repellence and larvicidal activity of fly larvae infesting fermented fish. The three species were effective in repelling and killing fly larvae. The total effect (repellence and larvicidal effect combined) for each of the three species was significantly more effect for fresh than for dry material. Results suggest potential in augmenting food safety during traditional fermentation in open jars. (6)
Antioxidant / Essential Oil / Leaves: Study
uated the antioxidant capacity of essential oils obtained by steam distillation from four bamboo species viz. Bambusa multiplex, B. vulgaris, Phyllostachys pubescens and Dendrocalamus latiflorus using DPPH assays. Greater antioxidant capacity was shown by B. vulgaris (IC50 2.705 mg/Ml) compared to B. multiple (IC50 3.442 mg/mL. There was not significant differences between the bamboo species. Antioxidant capacity positively correlated with concentration of essential oils.(7)
Flavone C-Glucosides / Leaves: Study analyzed flavone C-glucosides in the leaves of different species of bamboo (51 species in 17 genera). The main functional components of bamboo leave extract are flavone C-glycosides including isoorientin,, isovitexin, orientin and vitexin, which are used as marker compounds for determination of commercial products of bamboo-leaf flavonoids. Quantitative data showed the content of isoorientin in B. multiplex cv. Silverstripe was higher than two other two test bamboo species and could be a promising plant source for preparation of isoorientin. .(10)

- Wild-crafted.
- Cultivated.

September 2020

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Photograph: Bambusa multiplex / Golden Goddess Bamboo / click on image to go to source page / © BOETHING TREELAND FARMS
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: /Photograph / Bambusa multiplex: Clumping bamboo / click on image to go to source page / Plant Delights Nursery, Inc.

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Bambusa multiplex / Synonyms / The Plant List
Bambusa multiplex / Ken Fern: Tropical Plants Database / Useful Tropical Plants
Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) / RC Cambia, J Ash / Fijian Medicinal Plants
Bambusa multiplex / KK Shrestha, S Bhattarai, R Bhandari / Handbook of Flowering Plants of Nepal (Vol 1 Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
A Fly in the Ointment: Evaluation of Traditional Use of Plants to Repel and Kill Blowfly Larvae in Fermented Fish / Hugo J. de Boer, Chanda Vongsombath, Jos Käfer / PLOS ONE, Dec 2011 / https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029521
Chemical Compositions and Antioxidant Capacity of Essential Oils from Different Species of the Bamboo Leaves / He Yuejun, Yue Yongde, Tang Feng, Guo XuefengWang Jin   / Sciential silvae Sinicae, 2010; 46(7): pp 120-128 
A REVIEW ON THE GENUS BAMBUSA AND ONE PARTICULAR SPECIES BAMBUSA VULGARIS IN SABAH (MALAYSIA) / Khairyani Khalid Khan, E.Hemalatha / International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 2015; 6(9) / ISSN: 2230-8407 / DOI: 10.7897/2230-8407.069114
Identification and quantification of main flavonoids in the leaves of Bambusa multiplex cv. Fernleaf / Xiao-Lin Qiu, Qing-Feng Zhang / Natural products Research, Feb 2019; 34(14): pp 1-4 / DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2019.1569013
Rapid Screening for Flavone C-Glycosides in the Leaves of Different Species of Bamboo and Simultaneous Quantitation of Four Marker Compounds by HPLC-UV/DAD / Jin Wang, Yong-de Yue, Hao Jiang, and Feng Tang / International Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Volume 2012, Article ID 205101 / https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/205101

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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