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Family Poaceae
Korokorosan
Chloris barbata Sw.
SWOLLEN FINGERGRASS
Meng ren cao

Scientific names Common names
Chloris barbata Sw. Balbas-kalabaw (Tag.)
Chloris inflata Link Banuko (Ilk.)
Chloris longifolia Steud Korokorosan (Tag.)
Chloris paraguaiensis Steud Airport grass (Engl.)
  Feather finger grass (Engl.)
  Peacock plumegrass (Engl.)
  Plume grass (Engl.)
  Plush grass (Engl.)
  Purple top chloris (Engl.)
  Swollen fingergrass (Engl.)
  Swollen windmill grass(Engl.)
Chloris barbata Sw. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
HAWAIIAN: Mau'u lei.
I-KIRIBATI: Te uteute.
KANNADA: Sevaragu, Hennu-manchadakalu Hullu.
MALAYALAM: Mayil pullu, Kodappullu, Konda-pullu.
MARATHI: Tan, Gondvel.
POHNPEIAN: Rehkihs.
SPANISH: Zacate borrego.
TAMIL: Kodai Pullu, Kotai-p-pul, Kuruthu Pillu, Kattuk Kotumai, ChevvarakupuL.
TELUGU: Uppu Gaddi.

Botany
Korokorosan is a annual, tufted, erect grass, growing 0.5 to 1 meter high. Leaves are thin, linear-lanceolate, rounded at the base, acuminate, flat, 8 to 15 centimeters long, with a flowering stalk at the tip of its stem. Floral branches are numerous, opening from a central point suggesting the ribs of an umbrella. Florets are dense and tiny, with long purplish hair. Grains are trigonous.

Distribution
- In and about towns and open grasslands and waste places from Luzon to Mindanao.
- Widespread species found in sea coasts and offshore islands of China, Taiwan, India, Southeast Asia, Java , Australia.
- Originating from tropical America.

Constituents
- Aqueous extract of leaves yielded phytosterols, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids. (see study below)
(3)
- Study for phytochemical constituents
of roots yielded amino acids, glycosides,
proteins, and carboxylic acids.
(see study below) (5)

Parts used
Leaves.

Uses

Folkloric
- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Elsewhere, paste of leaves applied externally for skin diseases.
(1)
- Leaf juice used for fever, diarrhea, and diabetes.
Others
- Fodder: Used as fodder when young.

Studies
Analgesic / Anti-Inflammatory / Toxicity Study:
Study evaluated a petroleum ether extract of Chloris barbata SW for and anti-inflammatory activity in a carrageenan induced paw edema in rats and analgesic activity using tail immersion and acetic acid induced writhing in mice. Acute toxicity showed no sign of toxicity up to a dose level of 2000 mg/kbw. Results showed dose-dependent analgesic activity and dose-related inhibition of paw edema. (2)
Antibacterial / Leaves:
An in-vitro screening of leaf extracts of Chloris barbata for antimicrobial properties yielded moderate antibacterial activity against some pathogenic microorganisms when compared with standard Ciprofloxacin. (3)
Anti-Diabetic / Anti-Hyperlipidemic / Leaves:
Study evaluated a methanolic extract of leaves for in-vivo anti-diabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic activities in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Results showed a significant decrease in blood glucose and significant increase in plasma insulin and liver glycogen levels in STZ induced diabetic rats, comparable to glibenclamide. Anti-hyperlipidemic activity was evidenced by decrease in serum TC, TG. LDL-C, VLDL-C with a significant increase in HDL-C. (4)
Antibacterial / Roots: Study of powdered root material from Chloris barbata yielded bioactive constituents linked to its antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. (see constituents above) (5)
• Antipyretic / Analgesic / Leaves: Study evaluated the in vivo antipyretic and analgesic activities of ethanolic extract of C. barbata leaves in a rat model. No toxicity was observed at an oral dose of 2000 mg/kg. Results showed significant antiypretic activity in brewer's yeast induced pyretic activity and analgesic activity in tail immersion and hot plate method. The effects were comparable to paracetamol. (9)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Updated July 2017 / May 2015
April 2012


IMAGE SOURCE: Chloris barbata Sw. - swollen fingergrass / Jose Hernandez @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Ethnomedicinal Plants and Their Utilization by Villagers in Kumaragiri Hills of Salem District of Tamilnadu, India / C Alagesaboopathi / Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2009; 6(3): 222–227
(2)
EVALUATION OF ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES OF CHLORIS BARBATA (SW.) / B. Swathy, S. Mohana Lakshmi, A. Saravana Kumar / International Journal of Phytopharmacology, 1(2), 2010, 92-96.
(3)
STUDY OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CHLORIS BARBATA (SW) LEAVES / A.Elumalai, Prakash, Natrajan, , C Soundarajan / International Research Journal of Pharmaceutical and Applied Sciences 01/2012; 2(2):37-40.
(4)
Anti-diabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects of methanol extracts of Chloris barbata(SW.) in Streptozotocin- induced diabetic rats / *Arumugam Saravana Kumar, Subramanian Kavimani and Korlakunta Narasimha Jayaveera / European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2012, 2 (4):1346-1353
(5)
An evaluation of the Antibacterial activity of root extracts of Chloris barbata Sw. against Staphylococcus aureus 9886 and Escherichia coli 1673 / Sakala Bhargavi*, Medarametla Naresh, Mahesh Batsala, Gopisetty Suryasagar and Sreekanth Nama / Int. J. Biopharma Research, 2013, 02 (04), 127-128
(6)
Chloris barbata / Synonyms / The Plant List
(7)
Chloris barbata / Common names / India Biodiversity Portal
(8)
Chloris barbata / Common names / PIER
(9)
Evaluation of Antipyretic and Analgesic Activity of Chloris Barbata / Dasarapu Santhosha, Alluri Ramesh

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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