HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT


Family Moraceae
Kubi
Artocarpus nitidus Trec. subsp. nitidus
Guang ye gui mu

Scientific names Common names
Artocarpus lamellosus Blanco Kubi (Tag.)
Artocarpus lanceolatus Trécul  
Artocarpus nitidus Trecul  
Artocarpus nitidus subsp. nitidus  
Artocarpus nitidus subsp. nitidus is a synonym* of Artocarpus nitidus Trécul The Plant List
Artocarpus nitidus Trécul is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Hong gui mu, Gunag ye gui mu.

General info
Artocarpus is a genus of about 60 trees of Southeast Asian and Pacific origin, belonging to the family Moraceae.

Botany
Kubi is a medium-sized tree growing to a height of 15 meters. Bark is black to brown, longitudinally fissured. Branchlets are cylindric, wrinkled, 2 to 3 millimeters thick, appressed puberulent, rapidly glabrescent. Leaves are oblong-ovate, acute, up to 12 centimeters long and 5 centimeters wide. with prominent veins. Flowers are small. Fruits are irregularly-shaped, 4 to 8 centimeters in diameter, several seeded and covered with yellowish brown or gray tomentum.

Distribution
- Artocarpus nitidus is found in China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines.
- A. nitidus subsp. nitidus is restricted to the Philippines, and found in thickets and forests at low and medium altitudes in Luzon, Mindanao, and Cebu.

Constituents
- Study isolated 2 new isoprenylated 2-arylbenzofurans, artonitidin A and artonitidin B together with 14 known compounds, 3–16, were isolated from the stems.
- Study of the stems of A. nitidus subsp. lingnanensis yielded a stilbene possessing a g-aminobutyric acid lactam function, artocarpene, and a new flavanone, 2-hydroxynaringenin 4′-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, along with four known compounds.
- Artocarpus species are noted as an abundant source of phenolic constituents, viz., isoprenylflavonoids, stilbenoid and 2-arylbenzofuran derivatives, phenolic compounds.

Parts used
Fruit.

Uses

Edibility
- Fruit, raw, with sweet, orange-coloured pulp.
Folkloric
- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Elsewhere, fruit used medicinally.
Others
- Wood: Used for house construction, making blow pipes and gun handles.
(6)
- Masticatory: Bark and roots chewed as masticatory together with betel. (
6)

Studies
• Note:
No reported studies on Philippines subsp. A. nitidus subsp. nitidus. Studies are from other subspecies.
Arylbenzofurans / Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitors / Stems: Study isolated 2 new isoprenylated 2-arylbenzofurans, artonitidin A and artonitidin B together with 14 known compounds, 3–16. were isolated from the stems. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. Five compounds- Norartocarpin, cudraflavone, brosimone, artotonkin, albanin A, and artopetelin M - showed inhibitory effects on pancreatic lipase.
(1)
Antioxidant / Cytotoxicity / Stems: Study of the stems of A. nitidus subsp. lingnanensis yielded a stilbene possessing a g-aminobutyric acid lactam function, artocarpene, and a new flavanone, 2-hydroxynaringenin 4′-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, along with four known compounds. Compound 1, artocarpene, showed weak antioxidant activity and compound 2 exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer A549 cell line. (4)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

March 2012
Last Update August 2016


IMAGE SOURCE: Fruits and Leaves at Lahaina, Maui / Artocarpus nitidus subsp. lingnanensis / Forest and Kim Starr / Creative Commons Attribution 3.0/ click on image to go to source page / alterVISTA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
New Isoprenylated 2-Arylbenzofurans and Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitory Constituents from Artocarpus nitidus / Ting Zhao, Gui-Rui Yan, shen-Li Pan, He-Yao Wang, al-Jun Hou / Chemistry & Biodiversity, Volume 6, Issue 12, pages 2209–2216, December 2009 / DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.200900130
(2)
Artocarpus nitidus / Chinese Plant Names / eFloras
(3)
Artocarpus nitidus Tréc (accepted name) / Catalogue of Life, China 2010
(4)
Stilbenes and flavonoids from Artocarpus nitidus subsp. lingnanensis / Huihui Ti, Ping Wu, Lidong Lin, Xiaoyi Wei / Fitoterapia, Volume 82, Issue 4, June 2011, Pages 662–665
(5)
CHEMICAL AND PAF ACTIVITY OF SEVERAL MALAYSIAN ARTOCARPUS / Prof. Dr. Hasnah M. Sirat and Dr. Shajarahtunnur Jamil /
(6)
Artocarpus nitidus / Useful Tropical Plants
(7)
Artocarpus nitidus Trécul / Synonyms / The Plant List

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT