HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Myrtaceae
Syzygium polycephaloides (C. B. Rob.) Merr.

Scientific names Common names
Eugenia polycephaloides C. B. Robinson Amhi (Bik.)
Syzygium polycephaloides (C. B. Rob.) Merr. Atu-ang (If.)
  Bahhag (If.)
  Baligang (Tag., Bik.)
  Bulinayo (If.)
  Igot (Bis.)
  Lipot (Tag.)
  Lipote (Tag.)
  Lipoti (Tag.)
  Maigang (Leyte)
Syzygium polycephaloides (C.B.Rob.) Merr. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Lipote is a small to medium-sized tree growing up to 14 meters tall. Trunk is up to 75 centimeters in diameter. Outer bark is purplish gray. Twigs are angularly winged. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate or obovate, acuminate, 6 to 20 centimeters long, 4 to 7 centimeters wide, with 14 to 16 pairs of secondary veins. Flowers are white, numerous, and in panicles. Fruits are subglobose, fleshy, red to dark purple, sweet sour, and edible, 1 centimeter in diameter.

- In primary forests at low and medium altitudes.
- Occasionally
cultivated for its edible fruit.
- Considered vulnerable and potentially endangered.
- Reported in Sulawesi.

- Fruits are rich in vitamin C.
- On screening for flavonols and flavanols, methanol extract yielded 58.85 µg catechin g-1 fresh sample. (see study below) (7)

Considered antioxidant, antihypertensive.
- Studies suggest antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-tumor properties.


- Fruits eaten, raw or cooked.
- Fruit used in making preserves, jellies, wine, pickles and beverages.
- Used for diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol.
- Ifugaos use the sour fruit for treating coughs. Leaf decoction used for hypertension.
- Wine: Source of tropical fruit wine.

Syzygiol / Skin Tumor Inhibitory Activity:
Study isolated syzygiol from Syzygium polycephaloides. It showed significant inhibitory activity of skin tumor promotion. (2)
Antibacterial / Anti-Inflammatory / Bark: Study of alcoholic extract of lipote bark yielded active constituents, inorganic salts, carbohydrates, and proteins. The extract showed antibacterial (Staphylococcus aureus) and anti-inflammatory activity in female rats. (3)
Antioxidant / Flavonols: Lipote fruit showed 77.7% inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation. On screening for flavonols and flavanols, methanol extract yielded 58.85 µg catechin g-1 fresh sample. (7)

- Wild-crafted.
- Cultivated.

Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last update January 2017
September 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Tree, Leaves, Fruits / Copyright © Alma P. Gamil / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Bulusan Rural Vagabond
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Rutaceae : Lunasia amara det. John Rey Callado / Leaf / Copyright © 2012 by P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL50838 / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Antibacterial property of lyophilized crude extract of Syzygium polycephaloides (lipote) against Escherichia coli and mocrococcus luteum / Sara C. Abdolahi et al
Structure of syzygiol : a skin-tumor promotion inhibitor / NISHIZAWA M. ; YAMADA H. ; SANO J. ; ITO S. ; HAYASHI Y. ; IKEDA H. ; CHAIRUL ; SHIRO M. ; TOKUDA H / Tetrahedron letters, 1991, vol. 32, no2, pp. 211-212
Phytochemical, microbiological and pharmacological screening of the alcoholic extract from the bark of lipote (Syzygium polycephaloides) C.B. Rob (Family Myrtaceae) / Chacon, N.O. / Centro Escolar Univ., Manila, Mar 1995.
Syzygium polycephaloides (C.B.Rob.) Merr. is an accepted name
/ Synonoyms / The Plant List
Minor Products of Philippine Islands / Syzygium polycephaloides / Common names / Edited by William H. Brown, Ph.D., 1921
MACROFLORAL BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN IFUGAO / Napoleon K. Taguiling, PhD / European Scientific Journal December 2013 /SPECIAL/ edition vol.4
Antioxidant Activities, Flavonol and Flavanol Content of Selected Southeast Asian Indigenous Fruits / Dennis Marvin O. Santiago, Virgilio V. Garcia, Erlinda I. Dizon, Florinia E. Merca / Philippine Agricultural Scientist, June 2007 - Vol 90 No 2, pp. 123-130

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT