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Family Cyperaceae
Mapania humilis (Hassk.) F.-Vill.

Scientific names Common names
Mapania humilis (Hassk.) F.-Vill. Babakal (Sub.)
Mapania cuspidata (Miq.). Uittien Maribari (S. L. Bis.)
Mapania petiolata var. cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien Malalubigan (Tag.)
Pandanophyllum humile Hassk.  
Lepironia humilis Miq.  
Mapania humilis F.-Vill. is a synonym of Mapania cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien The Plant List

Other vernacular names
MALAYSIA: Siak-siak rimba, sempit (peninsular), penawar fatimah (sarawak), Pandan tikus

Malalubigan is a plant with short rhizomes, obliquely descending, and passing upwards into a short stem terminated by a crown of densely equitant leaves. Leaves are 30 to 90 centimeters long, 2.5 to 4 centimeters wide. Scapes are axillary in the lower leaves, 5 to 12 centimeters long, clothed by scales at the base. Inflorescences, when young, are oblong, and when mature, ovoid.

- In damp primary forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines.
- Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago.

Parts used


- Leaves used as a remedy for fever.
- In Malaysia, used for fever; also, as tonic and antidote. (1)
- Used for dysentery. (2)
- In Malaysia, root decoction used for treatment after childbirth; leaves used to treat diarrhea. (3)

No studies found.


Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update October 2015

IMAGE SOURCE: / Mapania cuspidata / Rimba Ilmu Botanic Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Oct. 2002. -- Scott Zona / Creative Commons Attribution / Click on image to go to source page / flickr
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Mapania cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien [as Mapania lucida N.E. Br.] / Illustration horticole, vol. 32: t. 557 (1885) / Creative Commons Attribution / /PlantIllustrations
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Mapania cuspidata / Asia Medicinal Plants
Antimicrobial screening of plants used for traditional medicine in the state of Perak, Peninsular Malaysia /
C. Wiart,*, S. Mogana, S. Khalifah, M. Mahan, S. Ismail, M. Buckle, A.K. Narayana, M. Sulaiman / Fitoterapia 75 (2004) 68–73
The Use of Medicinal Plant Species by the Temuan Tribe of Ayer Hitam Forest, Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia / FARIDAH HANUM and NURULHUDA HAMZAH / Pertanika J. Trap. Agric. Sci. 22(2): 85 - 94 (1999)
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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