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Family Convolvulaceae
Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn.

Tong quian hua cao

Scientific names Common names
Convolvulus pes-tigridis (L.) Spreng. Bangbañgan-ng-buduan (Ilk.)
Ipomoea capitellata Choisy Malasandia (P. Bis.)
Ipomoea hepaticifolia Linn. Salasandia (P. Bis.)
Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn. Bindweed (Engl.)
  Morning glory (Engl.)
  Tiger foot morning glory (Engl.)
  Tiger foot (Engl.)
Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Anguli lota, Languli lala.
CHINESE: Sheng mao teng, Hu zhang teng.
HINDI: Panchpatia.
INDIA: Gulabitilwan.
INDONESIA: Garnet, Samaka furu, Maka-maka.
MALAYALAM: Pulichuvatu.
MARATHI: Vagh-padi.
SRI-LANKAN: Divi pahauru.
TAMIL: Pulichovadi, Punaikkirai.
THAI: Khayum teenmaa, Thao saai thong loi, Phao-la buu-luu.
VIETNAM: B[if]m ch[aa]n c[oj]o.

Malasandia is a twining, herbaceous, annual vine, all part being more or less covered with rather long, spreading, pale or brownish hairs. Leaves are somewhat rounded in outline, 6 to 10 centimeters in diameter, palmately 5- to 9-lobed, heart-shaped at the base and somewhat hairy on both surfaces. Lobes of the blade are elliptic, with narrowed base and rounded sinuses. Flowers occur in axillary heads usually only one opening at a time. Calyx is green and about 1 centimeter long. Corolla is white and 4 centimeters long, the limb about 3 centimeters in diameter. Fruit is rounded, 6 to 7 millimeters in diameter.

- In all or most parts of the Philippines in open grasslands and waste places at low and medium altitudes.
- Also occurs in tropical Africa and Asia through Malaya to Polynesia.

- Ethyl acetate extract yielded flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, saponins, carbohydrates and tannins. (see study below) (10)

- Preliminary phytochemical of shade-dried whole plant yielded flavonoid, alkaloid, tannin, terpenoid, steroid, saponin, cardiac glycosides and anthraquinone glycosides.   (15)

- Studies suggest analgesic, cytotoxic, sedating, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, thrombolytic, anticancer properties

Parts used


- Poultices of leaves used as resolvent for pimples, boils, carbuncles, etc.
- In Java, leaves used for poulticing sores, boils, pimples. (13)
- In Sri Lanka, entire creeper is crushed and the juice extracted and take orally for treatment of or prevention of rabies if bitten by a rabid dog. (13)
- In India, used for wound healing. In the Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, leaf powder is smoked to get relief from bronchial spasm.
Leaves used for treating boils.
- The Kerala tribe use the herb for various painful conditions - headaches, swellings, poisonous stings, snake bites, etc. (4)
- In Tamil Nadu, southern India, leaf paste is applied twice daily for 2 days to treat pimples. Seed paste with coconut oil is applied to facilitate wound healing.
- In Andhra Pradesh, India, leaf paste is warmed and cooled, and applied to the head for hypnotic effect. Twining stems are dipped in tumeric water and worn around the neck of children for restlessness and to drive away evil spirits. Leaf paste is applied on whole body before bathing with warm water to treat fever. Also used for wound healing. Leaf powder smoked to relieve bronchial spasm. (12)
- In Bangladesh, used for the treatment of tumors and cancers. Leaf powder smoked to get relief from bronchial spasm. (16)
- Fodder: In India, used as fodder plant.

Analgesic / Leaves: Study showed the ethanolic leaf extract of Ipomoea pes-tigridis has significant analgesic activity with significant dose-dependent reduction of writhes (p<0.05) with 100 mg/kbw dose showing the highest reduction. using plate reaction time. (4)
Analgesic and Neuropharmacological Testing:
Study investigated the analgesic and neuropharmacological activities of an ethyl acetate extract of I. pes-tigridis in albino mice. In acetic acid writhing test and hot plate method in mice the extract showed significant analgesic activity. Testing did not show any CNS depressant activities. (see Constituents above) (10)
Cytotoxic / HepG2 Cell Line / Leaves:
Study of 70% ethanolic extract of I. pes-tigridis leaves showed significant anticancer effect against liver cancer on HEPG2 cell line in concentration range of 500 µg/mL with 99.87% cell inhibition. The antiproliferative effect comparable to that of Ipomoea stans. (11)
• Alkaloids and Flavonoids / Antibacterial / Anti-Inflammatory / Aerial Parts:
Study evaluated methanolic extract of aerial parts for antibacterial activity against routine bacterial strains and anti-acne activity against S. epidermis and Propionibacterium acnes. Staphylococcus epidermis was more susceptible to the extract than P. acnes, with MIC of 96 µg/ml and 100 µg/ml, respectively. Alkaloids and flavonoids were the potent inhibitors of these microorganisms. Anti-inflammatory activity screening showed 100 mg/kg as the most effective dose. (14)
• Antioxidant / Cytotoxicity / Neuropharmacological Effects: Study showed dose-dependent radical scavenging effect in DPPH assay, with IC50 for free radicals of 79.05 µg/ml. Leaf petroleum benzene extract showed dose dependent lethality in brine shrimp lethality assay. LC50 of leaf extract was 12.035 µg/ml. In open field and hole cross tests in mice, extract exhibited a critical sedative effect at doses of 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg by oral route, with diazepam as standard. (16)
• Antimicrobial / Thrombolytic / Cytotoxic / Leaves:
Study evaluated the EA and n-hexane extract of leaves for antimicrobial, cytotoxic, and thrombolytic activities. The EA extract showed mild antimicrobial activity with ZOI ranging from 11 to 14 mm while the n-hexane extract showed mild activity with ZOE range from 4 to 9 mm, with ciprofloxacin standard 50 mm ZOI. The extracts showed clot lysis effect with thrombolytic activity of 14.90% and 8.18% for the EA and n-hexane extracts, respectively. In Brine Shrimp Lethality Bioassay, the EA extract showed an LC50 of 14.125 µg/ml while the n-hexane extract exhibited an LC50 of 33.11 µg/ml. (17)
• Anti-Acne / Dermatological Herbal Hydrogel:
Study formulated and evaluated a herbal hydrogel incorporated with extract of Ipomoea tes-tigridis for anti-acne activity. The formulation passed all evaluation parameters i.e., organoleptic characters, pH, skin irritation tests, microbial contamination, extrude and spread ability, drug content, and diffusion studies. The anti-acne and anti-inflammatory activity was comparable to standard drug clindamycin and diclofenac, respectively. Results suggest the formulation can be a substitute for synthetic anti-acne agents. (18)


Updated Jan 2019 / Feb 2017 / Nov 2015

IMAGE SOURCE / Photo / Tiger Foot Morning Glory / Ipomoea pes-tigridis / © Project Noah ./ click on image to go to source page / Project Noah
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE/ PD / File:Ipomoea pes-tigridis longibracteata 145-8806.jpg / Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 145 [= ser. 4, vol. 15]: Tab. 8806 / M.S. del., J.N.Fitch lith. / 1919 / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
A Review on Medicinal uses of Weeds in Sri Lanka / ERHSS Ediriweera / Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 10, 2007
Medicinal plants used in the healing of skin diseases in different regions of India: A Review / A K Nagariya et al / International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science, 2010; 1(5): pp 110-113
Observations on folkloric mediciinal plants of Jalgaon district, Maharashtra / Shubhangi Pawar and D A Patil / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 3 (4), Oct 2004, pp 437-441
Analgesic Effects of the Aqueous Extracts of Plant Ipomea pes-tigridis Studied in Albino Mice / R Ramesh / Global Journal of Pharmacology,
2010; 4(1): pp 31-35

Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. / Catalogue of Life, Chine 2010
Traditional uses of medicinal plants among the rural people in Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu, Southern India / S. Shanmugam, K. Rajendran, K. Suresh / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2012
Tiger Foot Morning Glory / Common names / Flowers of India
Ipomoea pes-tigridis / Vernacular names / GLOinMED
Ipomoea pes-tigridis / Synonyms / The Plant List
ANALGESIC AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECT ON ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACT OF IPOMOEA PES-TIGRIDIS IN ALBINO MICE / Md Rabiul Hossain Chowdhury, Rocky Saha, Kazi Md. Minhazul Islam, Kaniz Fatema, Farjana Afrin, Mir Monir Hossain / European Scientific Journal September 2014 edition vol.10, No.27
Invitro Cytotoxic Activity On Ethanolic Extracts Of Leaves Of Ipomoea Pes-Tigridis (Convolulaceae) Against Liver Hepg2 Cell Line / Mrs. S. Sameema Begum, Dr. Ajithadhas Aruna, Dr. T. Sivakumar, Dr. C. Premanand, Mrs. C. Sribhuaneswari / International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine, 2015; 5(3): pp 1778–1784
Ethnomedicinal Recipes for Psychoactive Problems and Nervous Disorders from Tribals of Sriharikota Island, Andhra Pradesh / R. Bharath Kumar, B. Suryanarayana / Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., September –October 2015; 34(2) Article No. 40: pp 245-250
Review of Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. : Traditional Uses, Botanical Characteristics, Chemistry and Biological Activities / Nataraja Thamizh Selvam, Acharya M V / International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research (IJPSR), Vol 6, No 12, Dec 2015
Alkaloids and Flavonoids of Aerial Parts of Ipomea pes-tigridis (Convolvulaceae) are Potential Inhibitors of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes / S. Sandhya , E. Vidya Sravanthi , K. R. Vinod, G. Gouthami , M. Saikiran & David Banji / Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 2012; Volume 18, Issue 4

Studies on anatomy and phytochemical analysis of Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. / K Babu, M Priya Dharishini and Anoop Austin / Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 2018; 7(1): pp 791-794
IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT, CYTOTOXIC AND IN VIVO NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF IPOMOEA PES-TIGRIDIS / S. M. Tayabul Hossain, Abid Newaz Shihab, Fatema Akhter, Nazia Hassan, Tajmira Zaman, Mohammad Moshiur Rahman, Rimel Barua and Mir Monir Hossain / European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (ejpmr), 2017; 4(12): pp 522-529
An In-Vitro Assessment of Antimicrobial, Thrombolytic and Cytotoxic Activity on Ipomoea Pes-Tigridis / Md Rabiul Hossain Chowdhury, Rocky Saha, Md Iqbalkaiser Bhuiyan, Md. Amzad Hossain, Sheikh Anas Mohammad Kowsar, and Mir Monir Hossain / Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences, 2014; 2(1)
Evaluation of a dermatological herbal hydrogel integrated with Ipomea pes-tigridis for anti acne activity
/ S. Sandhya, E. Vidya Sravanthi, K.R Vinod / Hygeia.J.D.Med., October 2013; 5(2): pp 1-12

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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