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Family Convolvulaceae
Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn.

Tong quian hua cao

Scientific names Common names
Convolvulus pes-tigridis (L.) Spreng. Bangbañgan-ng-buduan (Ilk.)
Ipomoea capitellata Choisy Malasandia (P. Bis.)
Ipomoea hepaticifolia Linn. Salasandia (P. Bis.)
Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn. Morning glory (Engl.)
  Tiger foot morning glory (Engl.)
  Tiger foot (Engl.)
Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Anguli lota.
CHINESE" Sheng mao teng.
HINDI: Panchpatia.
INDONESIA: Garnet, Samaka furu, Maka-maka.
MALAYALAM: Pulichuvatu.
MARATHI: Vagh-padi.
TAMIL: Pulichovadi, Punaikkirai.
THAILAND: Khayum teenmaa, Thao saai thong loi, Phao-la buu-luu.
VIETNAM: B[if]m ch[aa]n c[oj]o.

Malasandia is a twining, herbaceous, annual vine, all part being more or less covered with rather long, spreading, pale or brownish hairs. Leaves are somewhat rounded in outline, 6 to 10 centimeters in diameter, palmately 5- to 9-lobed, heart-shaped at the base and somewhat hairy on both surfaces. Lobes of the blade are elliptic, with narrowed base and rounded sinuses. Flowers occur in axillary heads usually only one opening at a time. Calyx is green and about 1 centimeter long. Corolla is white and 4 centimeters long, the limb about 3 centimeters in diameter. Fruit is rounded, 6 to 7 millimeters in diameter.

- In all or most parts of the Philippines in open grasslands and waste places at low and medium altitudes.
- Also occurs in tropical Africa and Asia through Malaya to Polynesia.

- Ethyl acetate extract yielded flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, saponins, carbohydrates and tannins. (see study below) (10)

- Studies suggest analgesic and cytotoxic properties.

Parts used


- Poultices of leaves used as resolvent for pimples, boils, carbuncles, etc.
- In Java, leaves used for poulticing sores, boils, pimples.
- In Sri Lanka, entire creeper is crushed and the juice extracted and take orally for treatment of or prevention of rabies if bitten by a rabid dog.
- In India, used for wound healing. In the Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, leaf powder is smoked to get relief from bronchial spasm.

- The Kerala tribe use the herb for various painful conditions - headaches, swellings, poisonous stings, snake bites, etc. (4)
- In Tamil Nadu, southern India, leaf paste is applied twice daily for 2 days to treat pimples. Seed paste with coconut oil is applied to facilitate wound healing.
- In Andhra Pradesh, India, leaf paste is warmed and cooled, and applied to the head for hypnotic effect. Twining stems are dipped in tumeric water and worn around the neck of children for restlessness and to drive away evil spirits. Leaf paste is applied on whole body before bathing with warm water to treat fever. Also used for wound healing. Leaf powder smoked to relieve bronchial spasm. (12)
- Fodder: In India, used as fodder plant.

Analgesic / Leaves: Study showed the ethanolic leaf extract of Ipomoea pes-tigridis has significant analgesic activity with a dose-dependent significant reduction of writhes using plate reaction time. (4)
Analgesic and Neuropharmacological Testing:
Study investigated the analgesic and neuropharmacological activities of an ethyl acetate extract of I. pes-tigridis in albino mice. In acetic acid writhing test and hot plate method in mice the extract showed significant analgesic activity. Testing did not show any CNS depressant activities. (see Constituents above) (10)
Cytotoxic / Leaves:
Study evaluated the anticancer activity of leaves of Ipomoea pes-tigridis against liver HepG2 cell line. A 70% ethanolic extract of I. pes-tigridis showed significant anticancer effect against liver cancer on HEPG2 cell line, with an antiproliferative effect comparable to that of Ipomoea stans. (11)
• Antibacterial Anti-Inflammatory / Aerial Parts:
Study evaluated methanolic extract of aerial parts for antibacterial activity against routine bacterial strains and anti-acne activity against S. epidermis and Propionibacterium acnes. Staphylococcus epidermis was more susceptible to the extract than P. acnes, with MIC of 96 µg/ml and 100 µg/ml, respectively. Alkaloids and flavonoids were the potent inhibitors of these microorganisms. Anti-inflammatory activity screening showed 100 mg/kg as the most effective dose. (12)


© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update February 2017
Updated November 2015

© Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
IMAGE SOURCE / Photo / Tiger Foot Morning Glory / Ipomoea pes-tigridis / © Project Noah ./ click on image to go to source page / Project Noah
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE/ PD / File:Ipomoea pes-tigridis longibracteata 145-8806.jpg / Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 145 [= ser. 4, vol. 15]: Tab. 8806 / M.S. del., J.N.Fitch lith. / 1919 / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
A Review on Medicinal uses of Weeds in Sri Lanka / ERHSS Ediriweera / Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension 10, 2007
Medicinal plants used in the healing of skin diseases in different regions of India: A Review / A K Nagariya et al / International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science 2010, 1(5), 110-113
Observations on folkloric mediciinal plants of Jalgaon district, Maharashtra / Shubhangi Pawar and D A Patil / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 3 (4), Oct 2004, pp 437-441
Analgesic Effects of the Aqueous Extracts of Plant Ipomea pes-tigridis Studied in Albino Mice / R Ramesh / Global Journal of Pharmacology 4 (1): 31-35, 2010

Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. / Catalogue of Life, Chine 2010
Traditional uses of medicinal plants among the rural people in Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu, Southern India / S. Shanmugam, K. Rajendran, K. Suresh / Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine (2012)1-6 1
Tiger Foot Morning Glory / Common names / Flowers of India
Ipomoea pes-tigridis / Vernacular names / GLOinMED
Ipomoea pes-tigridis / Synonyms / The Plant List
ANALGESIC AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECT ON ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACT OF IPOMOEA PES-TIGRIDIS IN ALBINO MICE / Md Rabiul Hossain Chowdhury, Rocky Saha, Kazi Md. Minhazul Islam, Kaniz Fatema, Farjana Afrin, Mir Monir Hossain / European Scientific Journal September 2014 edition vol.10, No.27
Invitro Cytotoxic Activity On Ethanolic Extracts Of Leaves Of Ipomoea Pes-Tigridis(Convolulaceae) Against Liver Hepg2 Cellline / Mrs. S.Sameema Begum *, Dr. Ajithadhas Aruna, Dr. T. Sivakumar, Dr. C. Premanand, Mrs. C.Sribhuaneswari / International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine 5:3 (2015) 1778–1784
Ethnomedicinal Recipes for Psychoactive Problems and Nervous Disorders from Tribals of Sriharikota Island, Andhra Pradesh / *R. Bharath Kumar, **B. Suryanarayana / Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 34(2), September – October 2015; Article No. 40, Pages: 245-250
Review of Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. : Traditional Uses, Botanical Characteristics, Chemistry and Biological Activities / Nataraja Thamizh Selvam, Acharya M V / International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research (IJPSR), Vol 6, No 12, Dec 2015
Alkaloids and Flavonoids of Aerial Parts of Ipomea pes-tigridis (Convolvulaceae) are Potential Inhibitors of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes / S. Sandhya , E. Vidya Sravanthi , K. R. Vinod, G. Gouthami , M. Saikiran & David Banji / Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, Volume 18, 2012 - Issue 4

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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