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Family Pandanaceae
Pandan-luzon
Pandanus luzonensis Merr.

Scientific names Common names
Pandanus luzonensis Merr. Alasas (Tag.)
Pandanus calicarpus Martelli Dasa (Tag.)
  Pandan (Tag., Ilk., Ibn.)
  Pandan-luzon (Tag.)
Pandan is a common name shared by a number species of pandanus: (1) P. luzonensis, pandan-luzon (2) Pandanus odorus, P. amaryllifolius, pandan-mabango (3) Pandanus tectorius, pandan, pandan-dagat.


General info
Pandanus is a genus of monocots of about 600 known species, varying in size from small shrubs less than a meter to medium-sized trees of about 20 meters.

In the Philippines there are 48 species of Pandanus, many of them are endemic, growing in various habitats, from sandy beaches, mangroves and primary forests.
The fruit of some species are edible, eaten by bats, rats, crabs, elephants and lizards. The majority of species are dispersed primarily by water.

Botany
Pandan-luzon is a slender tree, up to 5 to 8 meters high, with few short prop roots. Leaves are 1.5 to 1.75 meters long, about 2.75 centimeters wide, narrowly acuminated apex and spinescently serrated margins. Peduncle is recurved, about 2 centimeters long, with a few foliaceous bracts toward the distal end. Syncarpium fruit is solitary, subglobose, about 9 centimeters in diameter; the drupes are yellowish-red, 3.5 centimeters long; the apical portion pyramidal and conspicuously ridged, the small, flat, stigmatic surface with 3 to 6 stigmas.

Distribution
Chiefly in secondary forests at low altitudes in the Luzon areas of Pangasinan, Bulacan, Zambales, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna Provinces.

Properties
Roots are stomachic and diuretic.

Parts used
Anthers, seeds, roots and oil.

Uses
Folkloric 
- Decoction of tips of fresh or dried prop roots used as diuretic.
- Pounded prop roots, mixed with leaves of Mentha arvensis in water, the expressed liquid used as stomachic.
Others 
• Weaving: Leaves used for weaving hats, baskets, mats.
• Firewood.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update January 2013

Photos ©Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

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