Pandanus is a genus of monocots of about 600 known species, varying in size from small shrubs less than a meter to medium-sized trees of about 20 meters.
In the Philippines there are 48 species of Pandanus, many of them are endemic, growing in various habitats, from sandy beaches, mangroves and primary forests. The fruit of some species are edible, eaten by bats, rats, crabs, elephants and lizards. The majority of species are dispersed primarily by water.
Pandan-luzon is a slender tree, up to 5 to 8 meters high, with few short prop roots. Leaves are 1.5
to 1.75 meters long, about 2.75 centimeters wide, narrowly acuminated
apex and spinescently serrated margins. Peduncle is recurved, about 2 centimeters long,
with a few foliaceous bracts toward the distal end. Syncarpium
fruit is solitary, subglobose, about 9 centimeters in diameter; the drupes
are yellowish-red, 3.5 centimeters long; the apical portion pyramidal and
conspicuously ridged, the small, flat, stigmatic surface with 3 to 6 stigmas.
Chiefly in secondary forests at low altitudes in the Luzon areas of Pangasinan,
Bulacan, Zambales, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna Provinces.
Roots are stomachic and diuretic.
Anthers, seeds, roots
- Decoction of tips of fresh
or dried prop roots used as diuretic.
- Pounded prop roots, mixed with leaves of Mentha arvensis in water, the expressed liquid used
• Weaving: Leaves used for weaving hats, baskets, mats.