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Family Cucurbitaceae
Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray

Wu jiao gua lou

Scientific names Common names
Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray Kabalonga (Tag.)
  Katimbau (Ilk.)
  Kalanum-uak (Bis.)
  Kaulalagda (Bag.)
  Lima (Ig.)
  Patolang-gubat (Tag.)
  Patolasi-gayang (Gad.)
  Tabau-tabau (Ilk., Pang.)
  Tabugok (Tag.)
  Tambanding (Ig.)
  Tibabayang (Sul)
  Tibubukan-uak (Sul.)
Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray is an accepted name with no recorded synonym. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Wu jiao gua lou, Wu jiao ye gua lou, Lan yu kuo lou (Taiwan).
THAI: Buap liam.

Patolang-gubat is a coarse, smooth vine with angled or grooved stems. Leaves are somewhat rounded in outline, 10 to 20 centimeters long, heart-shaped at the base, 5- or 7-angled or lobed. Male racemes have long peduncles with many flowers, with large bracts, one or two are open at a time. Flowers are white and large. Calyx-lobes are 2 to 2.5 centimeters long and irregularly toothed. Fruit is rounded, 10 centimeters across, smooth, red or crimson.

- Found in thickets and old clearings, at low and medium ascending to 1,500 meters, in the Babuyan Islands; in Cagayan, Benguet, Bontoc, Nueva Viscaya, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan, Rizal and Laguna Provinces in Luzon; in Masbate, Panay, Mangsi; and in Mindanao.
- Widely distributed from Indo-China throughout Malaysia.
- Reported in Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand.

• Seed yields tirchosanthin, a ribosome-inhibiting protein and trichomislin, which induces apoptosis. source

• Seed yields tirchosanthin, a ribosome-in

Parts used

• Mature seeds are finely powdered and cooked with coconut oil and applied externally to itchy skin lesions.
• Powdered seeds mixed with wine and drank for stomach aches.

No studies found.

- Wildcrafted

Last Update September 2016

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Species Diversity of Trichosanthes in Gunung Halimun National Park / Rugayah /
Edisi Khusus 'B:'odh/ersitas -Tamar: Nasional Gunung Halimun” Berita Biologi, Volume 5, Nomor 6, Desember 2001
Sorting Trichosanthes names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. quin

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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