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Family Araliaceae
Platito
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. f.) Fosberg
SAUCER-LEAF
Yuan ye nan yang shen

Scientific names Common names
Aralia cochleata Lam. Platito (Tag.)
Aralia rotunda W.Bull Cup-leaved papua (Engl.)
Aralia rotundifolia hort. ex Truff. Dinner plate aralia (Engl.)
Crasulla scutellaria Burm. f. False panax (Eng.)
Hedera cochleata (Lam.) Sweet Leaf bowl (Engl.)
Hedera latifolia Wight & Arn. Saucer-leaf (Engl.)
Nothopanax cochleatus (Lam.) Miq. Shell-leaf (Engl)
Nothopanax scutellarius (Burm.f.) Merr. Shield aralia (Engl)
Nothopanax tricochleatus Miq.  
Panax cochleatus (Lam.) DC.  
Panax heyneanus Wall. ex G.Don.  
Panax rotundatus B.S.Williams  
Panax rumphii Hassk.  
Panax scutellarioides Reinw. ex Blume  
Paratropia latifolia (Wight & Arn.) K.Koch  
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. f.) Fosb.  
Polyscias scutellarioides (Reinw. ex Blume) M.R.Almeida.  
Polyscias trichchleata (Miq.) Fosberg  
Nothopanax cochleatus (Lam.) Miq. is a synonym of Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg The Plant List
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINA: Yuan ye nan yang shen.
COOK ISLANDS: Kapaie, Kaope pa.
FIJI ISLAND: Danidani.
INDONESIA: Daun mangkok, Mamanukan, Godong mangkokan, Lanida, Ndalido, Ndari, Ranido, Daun koin, Daun papeda, Daun koin, Mangkok, Memangkokan, Goma matari, Sawoko, Rau paroro.
MALAYSIA: Pokok puding mangkok, Semangkok, Daun belangkas.
SAMOA ISLAND: Tagitagi.
SPANISH: Platito.
THAI: Krut kra thong.
VANUATU ISLAND: Ndosir, Umroki.
VIETNAM: Dinh lang dia.

Botany
Platito is an erect shrub growing to a height of 1.5 to 3.5 meters. Stem is woody, branched, round, long and straight. Leaves are simple, somewhat rounded and concave, saucer-like, 6 to 12 centimeters wide, heart-shaped at the base and distantly toothed in the margins.

Distribution
- Planted for ornamental purposes.
- Rarely flowers in the Philippines.

- Probably Malayan in origin.

Constituents
- Yields polsciasaponin P1, calcium oxalae, peroxidase, amygdalin, phosphate, iron, fats, proteins, vitamins A, B1 and C.
- Yields a high content of triterpenoid saponins.
- Leaf yielded a triterpenic glycoside: saponin C in addition to saponins A (calendulas E) and saponin B.
- A triterpenoid saponin, polysciasaponin P, was isolated from the leaves identified as 3-O-[ß-D-glucuronopyranosl] oleanolic acid 28-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside. (9)
- Leaves of Polyscias scutellaria yielded an oleanolic glycoside, polysciasaponin P2, in addition to plysciasaponin P3. (10)

Properties
- Considered wound healing.
- Studies have shown wound healing and lipid peroxidation inhibition properties.

Parts used
Leaves, bark, and roots.

Uses
Edibility
- Leaves are edible. Young leaves used as ingredient in stews.
Folkloric
- Leaves are dipped in boiling water and applied hot to the region opposite the bladder to induce urination.
- Leaves and roots are mixed with parsley and used as diuretic.
- Leaves are used for dressing ulcers.
- In the Vanuatu Islands, leaf juice used in the immediate post-partum period to facilitate the expulsion of placental fragments.
Also postpartum, decoction of leaves used as cleansing solution. (13)
- Used as laxative, antiseptic, and deodorant.
- In Indonesia, leaf juice mixed with coconut oil and tumeric applied over breast engorgement.
- In Indonesia, coconut oil with leaf juice of N. scutellarium is gently massaged to the scalp to promote hair growth. Shoots and leaves used for urinary problems.
- In the Western Pacific, macerated bark used for treatment of ciguatera poisoning. (8)
- In Papua New Guinea, leaves used as stimulant. (15)
Others
- Fodder: Leaves used as fodder for cattle.
- Leaves used as food platter or drinking vessel.
- Used as hedge plant.
- Stems used as fuel in areas and times of fuel-wood scarcity. (15)

Studies
Hair Growth Activity / Leaves: Study evaluated the hair growth activity of an ethosomal and non-ethosomal gels of ethyl acetate fraction, as well as its ability to penetrate the skin and its safety. Results showed the ethosomal gel at concentration of of 1% had better activity than the non-ethosomal gel, together with a better cumulative penetration of quercetin. Safety testing showed both concentrations of 0.5% and 1% of the ethosomal gel can cause mild irritation on t
opical application. (14)
Wound Healing / Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition: Study of leaf saponin extract showed promotion of collagenation in excision and incision wound models. It also showed concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on lipid peroxidation.  (5) (7)

Availability
Wildcrafted.


Updated May 2017 / August 2016

Content / Photos © Godofredo Stuart / Scrutinised

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Nothopanax scutellarium / Vernacular names / Glob In Med
(3)
Triterpenic glycosides from Polyscias scutellaria / S. Paphassarang, J. Raynaud, M. Lussignol, M. Becchi / Phytochemistry, Volume 28, Issue 5, 1989, Pages 1539–1541
(4)
Polyscias scutellaria (Balfour Aralia) / Common names / ZipcodeZoo
(5)
Studies on wound healing property of Polyscias scutellaria leaf saponins / Madhu.C.Divakar, S.Laxmidevi, P. Senthil kumar, S.B.Rao / Indian Journal of Natural Products 01/2002; 17:37.
(6)
ANTIULCER HERBAL DRUGS- A REVIEW / Baheti J. R.*, Navale S. D., Awati S.T, Sonawane A.A., Dama G.Y., Bidkar J.S., Deore S. R. / Deccan J. Natural Products 1(4): Oct-Dec. 2010
(7)
Plants that heal wounds. A review / RAJESH SINGH PAWAR*, FEDELIC ASHISH TOPPO / Herba Polonica, Vol 58, No 1, 2012
(8)
Traditional remedies used in the Western Pacific for the treatment of ciguatera poisoning
/ G. Bourdy", P. Cabalionb, P. Amadea and D. Laurenta / Journal of Etlinopharniacology, 36 (1992) 163-174
(9)
A New Oleanolic Glycoside from Polyscias scutellaria / S Paphassarang, J. Raynaud, M Lussignol / Journal of Natural Products, Vol 53, No 1, pp 163-166, Jan-Feb 1990
(10)
Triterpenoid Saponins from Polyscias scutellaria / S. Paphassarang, J Raynaud, M Lussignol / Journal of Natural Products, Vol 52, No 2, pp 239-242, Mar-Apr 1989.
(11)
Polyscias scutellaria / Synonyms / The Plant List
(12)
Polyscias scutellaria / Useful Tropical Plants
(13)
Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu I. The cycle of reproduction / G. Bourdy and A. Walter / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 37 (1992) 179-196 179
(14)
Hair Growth Activity and Safety Test of Ethosomal Gel Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Nothopanax (Nothopanax scutellarium Merr.) Leaves / Mahdi Jufri, Abdul Mun'im / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, April 2017
(15)
Polyscias spp. Araliaceae / Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands / The United Nations University



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