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Family Araliaceae
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. f.) Fosberg
Yuan ye nan yang shen

Scientific names Common names
Aralia cochleata Lam. Platito (Tag.)
Aralia rotunda W.Bull Balfour's aralia (Engl.)
Aralia rotundifolia hort. ex Truff. Cup-leaved papua (Engl.)
Crasulla scutellaria Burm. f. Dinner plate aralia (Engl.)
Hedera cochleata (Lam.) Sweet False panax (Eng.)
Hedera latifolia Wight & Arn. Leaf bowl (Engl.)
Nothopanax cochleatus (Lam.) Miq. Saucer-leaf (Engl.)
Nothopanax scutellarius (Burm.f.) Merr. Shell-leaf (Engl)
Nothopanax tricochleatus Miq. Shield aralia (Engl)
Panax cochleatus (Lam.) DC.  
Panax heyneanus Wall. ex G.Don.  
Panax rotundatus B.S.Williams  
Panax rumphii Hassk.  
Panax scutellarioides Reinw. ex Blume  
Paratropia latifolia (Wight & Arn.) K.Koch  
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm. f.) Fosb.  
Polyscias scutellarioides (Reinw. ex Blume) M.R.Almeida.  
Polyscias trichchleata (Miq.) Fosberg  
Nothopanax cochleatus (Lam.) Miq. is a synonym of Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg The Plant List
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINA: Yuan ye nan yang shen.
COOK ISLANDS: Kapaie, Kaope pa.
FIJIAN: Danidani.
INDONESIA: Daun mangkok, Mamanukan, Godong mangkokan, Lanida, Ndalido, Ndari, Ranido, Daun koin, Daun papeda, Daun koin, Mangkok, Memangkokan, Goma matari, Sawoko, Rau paroro.
MALAYSIA: Pokok puding mangkok, Semangkok, Daun belangkas.
SPANISH: Platito.
THAI: Krut kra thong.
VANUATU ISLAND: Ndosir, Umroki.
VIETNAM: Dinh lang dia.

Platito is an erect shrub growing to a height of 1.5 to 3.5 meters. Stem is woody, branched, round, long and straight. Leaves are simple, somewhat rounded and concave, saucer-like, 6 to 12 centimeters wide, heart-shaped at the base and distantly toothed in the margins.

- Planted for ornamental purposes.
- Rarely flowers in the Philippines.

- Probably Malayan in origin.

- Yields polsciasaponin P1, calcium oxalae, peroxidase, amygdalin, phosphate, iron, fats, proteins, vitamins A, B1 and C.
- Yields a high content of triterpenoid saponins.
- Leaf yielded a triterpenic glycoside: saponin C in addition to saponins A (calendulas E) and saponin B.
- A triterpenoid saponin, polysciasaponin P, was isolated from the leaves identified as 3-O-[ß-D-glucuronopyranosl] oleanolic acid 28-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside. (9)
- Leaves of Polyscias scutellaria yielded an oleanolic glycoside, polysciasaponin P2, in addition to plysciasaponin P3. (10)

- Considered wound healing.
- Studies have shown wound healing and lipid peroxidation inhibition properties.

Parts used
Leaves, bark, and roots.

- Leaves are edible. Young leaves used as ingredient in stews.
- Leaves are dipped in boiling water and applied hot to the region opposite the bladder to induce urination.
- Leaves and roots are mixed with parsley and used as diuretic.
- Leaves are used for dressing ulcers.
- In the Vanuatu Islands, leaf juice used in the immediate post-partum period to facilitate the expulsion of placental fragments.
Also postpartum, decoction of leaves used as cleansing solution. (13)
- Used as laxative, antiseptic, and deodorant.
- In Indonesia, leaf juice mixed with coconut oil and tumeric applied over breast engorgement.
- In Indonesia, coconut oil with leaf juice of N. scutellarium is gently massaged to the scalp to promote hair growth. Shoots and leaves used for urinary problems.
- In the Western Pacific, macerated bark used for treatment of ciguatera poisoning. (8)
- In Papua New Guinea, leaves used as stimulant. (15)
- In Indonesia, used in the treatment of body odor. (16) Decoction of fresh leaves used for dysentery. (17) In Turgo, Yogyakarta, boiled leaves used for skin cuts and as diuretic. (19)
- In the Fiji, leaves used to facilitate childbirth. Juice from leaves used to relieve toothache. (18)
- In Malaysia, leaves used for bathing in anorexia. (20)
- Fodder: Leaves used as fodder for cattle.
- Leaves used as food platter or drinking vessel.
- Used as hedge plant.
- Stems used as fuel in areas and times of fuel-wood scarcity. (15)

Hair Growth Activity / Leaves: Study evaluated the hair growth activity of an ethosomal and non-ethosomal gels of ethyl acetate fraction, as well as its ability to penetrate the skin and its safety. Results showed the ethosomal gel at concentration of of 1% had better activity than the non-ethosomal gel, together with a better cumulative penetration of quercetin. Safety testing showed both concentrations of 0.5% and 1% of the ethosomal gel can cause mild irritation on t
opical application. (14)
Wound Healing / Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition: Study of leaf saponin extract showed promotion of collagenation in excision and incision wound models. It also showed concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on lipid peroxidation.  (5) (7)
• Antibacterial / Acinetobacter / Body Odor: Study evaluated the antibacterial activity of P. scutellaria against bacteria tat cause body odor i.e., Acinetobacter sp. through well diffusion and colony-formation unit methods. Hexane and ethyl acetate fractions of PS extract showed strong antibacterial activity against Acinetobacter sp. Results showed potential as antibacterial agent against Acinetobacter sp. on human armpit. (16)


Updated April 2019 / May 2017 / August 2016

Content / Photos © Godofredo Stuart / Scrutinised

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Nothopanax scutellarium / Vernacular names / Glob In Med
Triterpenic glycosides from Polyscias scutellaria / S. Paphassarang, J. Raynaud, M. Lussignol, M. Becchi / Phytochemistry, 1989; Volume 28, Issue 5: pp 1539–1541
Polyscias scutellaria (Balfour Aralia) / Common names / ZipcodeZoo
Studies on wound healing property of Polyscias scutellaria leaf saponins / Madhu.C.Divakar, S.Laxmidevi, P. Senthil kumar, S.B.Rao / Indian Journal of Natural Products, Jan 2002; 17:37.
ANTIULCER HERBAL DRUGS- A REVIEW / Baheti J. R.*, Navale S. D., Awati S.T, Sonawane A.A., Dama G.Y., Bidkar J.S., Deore S. R. / Deccan J. Natural Products 1(4): Oct-Dec. 2010
Plants that heal wounds. A review / RAJESH SINGH PAWAR*, FEDELIC ASHISH TOPPO / Herba Polonica, Vol 58, No 1, 2012
Traditional remedies used in the Western Pacific for the treatment of ciguatera poisoning
/ G. Bourdy", P. Cabalionb, P. Amadea and D. Laurenta / Journal of Etlinopharniacology, 36 (1992) 163-174
A New Oleanolic Glycoside from Polyscias scutellaria / S Paphassarang, J. Raynaud, M Lussignol / Journal of Natural Products, Vol 53, No 1, pp 163-166, Jan-Feb 1990
Triterpenoid Saponins from Polyscias scutellaria / S. Paphassarang, J Raynaud, M Lussignol / Journal of Natural Products, Vol 52, No 2, pp 239-242, Mar-Apr 1989.
Polyscias scutellaria / Synonyms / The Plant List
Polyscias scutellaria / Useful Tropical Plants
Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu I. The cycle of reproduction / G. Bourdy and A. Walter / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 37 (1992) 179-196 179
Hair Growth Activity and Safety Test of Ethosomal Gel Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Nothopanax (Nothopanax scutellarium Merr.) Leaves / Mahdi Jufri, Abdul Mun'im / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, April 2017
Polyscias spp. Araliaceae / Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands / The United Nations University
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF POLYSCIAS SCUTELLARIA FOSBERG AGAINST ACINETOBACTER SP. / De la Rosa, Yniwaty Halim, Natania Kam, Marcella Sugata, Ariela Samantha / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Jan 2019; 12(1): pp 516-519 / DOI https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2019.v12i1.30270
Screening of in vitro antimicrobial activity of plants used in traditional Indonesian medicine / Andreas Romulo, Ervizal A. M. Zuhud, Johana Rondevaldova & Ladislav Kokoska / Pharmaceutical Biology, 2018; 56(1): pp 287-293 / DOI: 10.1080/13880209.2018.1462834
Polyscieas scutellaria / RC Cambia, J Ash / Fijian Medicinal Plants
The ethnobotany of medicinal plants in supporting the family health in Turgo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia / MAIZER SAID NAHDI, IKA NUGRAHENI ARI MARTIWI, DISCA CAHYARI ARSYAH / BIODIVERSITAS, Oct 2016; Volume 17, Number 2: pp 900-906
MEDICINAL AND OTHER USEFUL PLANTSFTEOHLUNDA YEH / COMMUNITY OF SIPITANG, SABAH, MALAYSIA / Julius Kulip, George Majawat / Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2000; 12(4): pp 810-816

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