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Family Menyanthaceae
Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb.

Shui pi lian

Scientific names Common names
Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb. Lolokisen (Ilk.)
Menyanthes cristata Roxb. Pusong-lutang (Tag.)
Menyanthes hydrophyllum Lour. Crested floating heart (Engl.)
Villarsia cristata Spreng. Floating heart (Engl.)
Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Griseb. Snow flake (Engl.)
Nymphoides hydrophyllum Lour. White water snowflake (Engl.)

Other vernacular names
BENGALI: Jai chirata.
CHINESE: Shui pi lian.
HINDI: Hinambala.

Pusong-lutang is a water plant of the habit of the water lily. Stems are long, floating and rooting at the nodes. Leaves are rounded, heart-shaped, 2.5 to 7.5 cm wide, and on long stalks. Flowers are white but yellow on the base. Corolla lobes are 6 to 8 mm long, and the tube bears a ring of white hairs around the throat. Fruit is a somewhat rounded capsule, and contains 10 to 20 seeds.

- In shallow lakes, quiet streams, and sometimes rice paddies, at low and medium altitudes; however, ascending in Mount Data to an altitude of 2,100 meters.
- Sometimes cultivated in ponds or as an aquarium plant.
- Also found in India to Southern China.

Parts used
Stalks, seeds and leaves.


- In China, reported edible use.
- In India, stalks and leaves are pounded with oil and applied to ulcers and insect bites. Also, used as a substitute for Valeriana hardwickii in neurological disorders and colic.
- Decoction used as wash for parasitic skin complaints.
- Seeds eaten to destroy or prevent intestinal worms.
- Reported use for fever and jaundice.

Hepatoprotective / Roots:
Study evaluated a hydroalcoholic extract of roots of Limnanthemum cristatum for hepatoprotective activity against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in male Wistar rats. The root extract significantly increased total protein and antioxidant enzymes, catalase and reduced glutathione, and improvement in lipid peroxidation. Silymarin, a known hepatoprotective drug, was used as standard for comparison. (2)


Last Update December 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Crested Floatingheart (Nymphoides cristata) -- Mary Keim / Sept 19, 2011 / Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-share alike 2.0 / click on photo to go to source page / flickr
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Illustration / Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze [as Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb.] [4630-705250-123342]
Rheede tot Drakestein, Hendrik van, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus, vol. 11: t. 29 (1692) / PlantIllustrations.org

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb. / Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary / C. P. Khare
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF THE OF ROOTS OF LIMNANTHEMUM CRISTATUM AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE-INDUCED INJURY IN RATS / Phalke RUa, Ghosh Ra*, Priya Ga, Pitre SSa, Kadam VJa. / Pharmacologyonline 3: 777-784 (2010) / Pharmacologyonline 3: 777-784 (2010)

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