A plant with spreading and prostrate
branches and leaves divided in 3 leaflets. Flowers are small, violet-blue,
5 mm long, borne on long stalks from the leaf axil of the flowering
stems. Fruit is cylindrical and curved, about 5 cm long, with numerous
round, reddish-brown to black seeds, 1.5 mm diameter with barred surfaces.
Recently introduced; now aggressively
spreading on waysides, farmlands and gardens.
Phytochemical studies showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids and
cardiac glycosides; alkaloids, steroids, pentose and reducing sugars.
Roots and leaves.
• Diuretic / Antibacterial:
Study of crude aqueous extract showed CR to possess significant dose-dependent
diuretic activity and antibacterial activity against gram positive and
gram negative bacteria.
• Diuretic / Laxative:
Study of CR showed signigicant diuretic effect and well as dose-dependent
• Analgesic / Antipyretic / Antiinflammatory:
Study of ethanolic extract showed significant analgesic, antiinflammatory
and antipyretic activity.
• Nutritional Composition:
Flour from the seeds of Cleome rutidosperma revealed alkaloids, steroids,
pentose and reducing sugars. It also contained tannins, flavonoids and
cardiac glycosides. The major mineral contents were potassium, sodium
and calcium. Results suggest a potential use as human food or incorporation
into livestock feed.
• Analgesic / Locomotor Activity
Effect : Crude methanol, chloroform and petroleum ether
extracts of Cleome rutidosperma all showed significant analgesic and
depressed locomotor activity compared to control treatment with morphine
treatment, aspirin and chlorpromazine,.