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Family Myristacaceae
Myristica simiarum A. DC.

Scientific names Common names
Myristica simiarum A. DC. Anuping (Sul.)
Myristica discolor Merr. Duguan (C. Bis.)
  Lupau (Ilk.)
  Paria (Tag.)
  Pokipok (Ilk.)
  Tambalau (Tag.)
  Tanghas (Tag.)


Tanghas is a small tree. Leaves are alternate, leathery, sulphur yellow on the lower surface when dry, smooth, oblong or ovately so, about 15 centimeters and 5 to 7 centimeters wide, with pointed tip, and rather obtuse base, upon 2-centimeter long petioles. Inflorescences are lateral or axillary, up to 3 centimeters long. Flowers are hairy, ovately elongated, borne upon 3-millimeter long pedicels, and clustered toward the distal ends. Fruit is subglobose, about 3 centimeters long, smooth when old, with a very blunt, apical point, usually creased longitudinally, with a relatively thin exocarp, which is yellow when mature. Seeds are subglobose.

- Endemic species.
- In forests at low and medium altitudes in Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, La Union, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon and Camarines Provinces in Luzon; and in Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao.

Constituents and properties
Seeds yield an oil considered by Filipinos to be medicinal.

Parts used
Seeds, bark.


- Seed oil applied to itches and similar skin diseases.
- Pulp of bark also used for the same purpose.

No studies found.


Last Update June 2013


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