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Family Moraceae

Tibig
Ficus nota (Blanco) Merr.
SACKING TREE

Scientific names Common names
Ficus aspera var. nota Blanco Dalit (Tag.)
Ficus nota (Blanco) Merr. Ipo (Tag., Bis.)
  Dita (Ibn., Ap.)
  Lata (Neg.)
  Mananau (S. L. Bis.)
  Salogon (Tag.)
  Tambuyog (Bik.)
  Tibey (Pamp.)
  Tebey (Pamp.)
  Sacking tree (Engl.)
Ficus nota (Blanco) Merr. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
JAVA: Upas.
MALAYA: Ipoh.


Botany
Tibig is an erect, spreading, dioecious perennial tree, growing to a height of 8-10 meters. Branchlets are hairy. Leaves oblong to elliptic-obovate, 15 to 35 centimeters long and 8 to 12 centimeters wide; soft and pubescent beneath, the margins irregular and distinctly toothed, the apex abruptly acute, and the base auriculate. Midrib of leaves is stout, with 7 to 9 pairs of ascending, curved nerves. Petiole is brown, tomentose, 3 to 5 centimeters long. Tubercles are mostly cauline, occasionally from larger branches, clustered, rebranched, rigid, 20 centimeters long, bracteate. Figs are subglobose, 2 to 3.5 centimeters in diameter, glabrous, fleshy, pedunculate, green, becoming yellowish-white at the base, the umbilical scales exerted. Peduncle is acute, 2 centimeters long, with three bracts.

Distribution
- In thickets and forests, especially in areas saturated with water, at low and medium altitudes.
- Used as live fence.
- Occurs in Batan Island, Polilio, Mindoro, Culion and Balabac regions of Palawan, Panay, Samar, Leyte.
- Also occurs in North Borneo.

Constituents
- Dichlormethane extract of unripe fruits yielded 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 2-methoxyphenol (1), a mixture of meso-2,3-butanediol (2a), (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol (2b) and (2S,3S)-2,3- butanediol (2c) and β-sitosterol (3).

Parts used
Bark, fruit, leaves and seeds.

Uses
Edibility
- Ripe fruits are edible but rather tasteless; usually eaten with sugar.
- Young leaves eaten as vegetable.
Folkloric
- Water extracted from standing tree drunk three times daily for fever.
- Extracted water applied to relieve muscle pain.
- Decoction of roots and bark used for urinary tract inflections, hypertension, and diabetes.
- Water from cut branches used for urinary infections.
- The Mansaka tribe of the Compostela Valley used a bark decoction to treat asthma, cough, and other respiratory conditions.
(4)
- The Ayta people of Porac, Pampanga use the stem of the plant species as repellent against hematophagous insects. (4) Used for toothache and stomachache. (5)

Other

- Wood: Used as firewood or charcoal.

Studies
Constituents:
Dichlormethane extract of unripe fruits yielded 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 2-methoxyphenol (1), a mixture of meso-2,3-butanediol (2a), (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol (2b) and (2S,3S)-2,3- butanediol (2c) and β-sitosterol (3). (2)
Cytotoxicity / Stems: Study evaluated the potential cytotoxicity of stems of Ficus nota in brine shrimp lethality assay. Water and absolute ethanol extracts of stems showed activity against the brine shrimp with LC50 of 991.00 ppm and 852.22 ppm, respectively. (4)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update December 2015

Photo ©Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Ficus nota / Fruit at Near Ala Moana Blvd, Oahu / Forest & Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii / Creative Commons Attribution / click on image to go to source page / alterVISTA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Forest tree species with medicinal uses / Compiled by Maximo Lanting and Concepcion Palaypayon / DENR Recommends, Vol 11

(2)
Chemical constituents of Ficus nota / Consolacion Y. Ragasa*, Agnes B. Alimboyoguen and Chien-Chang Shen / Der Pharma Chemica, 2014, 6(4):98-101
(3)
Ficus nota / The Plant List
(4)
Evaluating the Potential Cytotoxic Activity of Ficus nota Using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test / Cindy D. Arquion, Olga M. Nuñeza*, Mylene M. Uy / Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci., Vol 4 [12] November 2015: 40-44
(5)
Useful Plants of Selected Ayta Communities from Porac, Pampanga, Twenty Years after the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo / Elena M. Ragragio*, Cynthia Neri Zayas** and Jasper John A. Obico* / Philippine Journal of Science, 142: 169-181, Special Issue


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