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Family Zygophyllaceae
Tribulus
Tribulus cistoidesLinn.
PUNCTURE VINE
Da hua ji li

Scientific names Common names
Tribulus cistoidesLinn. Tribulus (Engl., Tag.)
Tribulus macranthus Hassk. Billy goat weed (Engl.)
Tribulus moluccanus Decne. Bull's head (Engl.)
Tribulus sericeus Andersson Burrnut (Engl.)
Tribulus taiwanense T. C. Huang et T. H. Hsieh Coastal caltrops (Engl.)
Tribulus terrestris var. cistoides (L.) Oliv. Goat's head burr (Engl.)
Kallstroemia cistoides (L.) Endl. Jamaican fever plant (Engl.)
  Puncture vine (Engl.)
  Spiny-fruited caltrop (Engl.)
  Da hua ji li (Chin.)

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Tai wan ji li.
HAWAIIAN: Nohu, Nohunohu.
SPANISH: Abrojo, Abrojo rojo, Cabeza de arriero, Cacho de chivo, Herbe soleil, Herse, Pourpier-bord de mer, Yerba de araña
VIETNAMESE: Tật lê; Gai chống; Quỷ kiến sầu (hoa) to.

Botany
Tribulus is a prostrate or low-spreading, succulent, perennial hairy herb. Stems are long and slender, up to 90 centimeters in length. Leaves are opposite, stipulate, pinnately compound, in 6 to 11 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets are oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1.5 centimeters long, green above, and gray-pubescent below. Flowers are long-stalked, about 2.5 centimeters, with 5 spreading, roundish, yellow petals. Fruit is a capsule, 3- to 5-lobed, with sharp spines.

Distribution
- In waste places along the sandy shores of many coastal towns.
- Cultivated as ground cover.

- Found in most tropical countries.

Constituents
- Methanolic extract of roots yielded cardioactive saponin-3, along with tribolusin, a pregnance-type glycoside and 8 new cholestane glycosides. D-(+)-pinitol and sucrose were major constituents.
(4)

Properties
- Spiny seeds are caught in humans and animal fur, facilitating its spread.
- Considered anti-inflammatory, diuretic, stimulant, and hepatic.

Parts used
Roots, leaves.

Uses

Folkloric
- No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Elsewhere, used for headaches, constipation, nervous conditions.
- Used for water retention and to treat kidney and liver problems.


Studies
Cardioactive Saponin:
Methanolic extract of roots yielded cardioactive saponin-3, along with tribolusin, a pregnance-type glycoside and 8 new cholestane glycosides. (4)

Availability
Wild-crafted.
Pills, powders, and extracts in the cybermarket.

October 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / File:Starr 010520-0058 Tribulus cistoides.jpg / Tribulus cistoides (flowers and leaves). Location: Kure Atoll, Near coast / Forest & Kim Starr / 20 May 2001 /Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license / Click on photo to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Flower closeup / File:Puncture Vine (Tribulus cistoides) (6041053938).jpg / / Bob Peterson / North Palm Beach, Florida, Planet Earth! / 12 August 2011 /Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license / Click on photo to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Seeds / Tribulus cistoides L. - Jamaican feverplant / TRCI2 /Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database, 30 October 2013 / USDA

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Tribulus cistoides L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(2)
Tribulus cistoides L. / The Plant List
(3)
Tribulus cistoides / Common names / PIER
(4)
Cholestane- and pregnane-type glycosides from the roots of Tribulus cistoides. / Achenbach H, Hübner H, Reiter M. / Phytochemistry. 1996 Feb;41(3):907-17.
(5)
Medicinal Plants of the Borderlands: A Bilingual Resource Guide / Antonio Noe Zavaleta, Antonio Noe Zavaleta PhD / Google Books


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