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Family Amaryllidaceae
Orange lirio
Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss
AMARYLLIS LILY

Scientific names Other common names
Amaryllis barbata (Herb.) Traub Orange lirio (Tag., Engl.) 
Amaryllis barreirasa Traub Amaryllis lily (Engl.) 
Amaryllis belladona E.Mey. ex Steud.     [Invalid] Barbados lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis biflora Sessé Easter lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis brasiliensis Andrews Maroon lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis haywardii Traub & Uphof Red lily (Engl.)
Amaryllis ignescens Regel  
Amaryllis punicea Lam.  
Amaryllis pyrrhocroa (Lem.) W.Bull  
Amaryllis roezlii Regel  
Amaryllis spathacea (Sims) Sweet  
Hippeastrum barbatum Herb.  
Hippeastrum ignescens Regel  
Hippeastrum occidentale M.Roem.  
Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss  
Hippeastrum pyrrochroum Lem.  
Hippeastrum roezlii (Regel) Baker.  
Hippeastrum spathaceum Sims.  
Hippeastrum wolteri Wittm.  
Lirio is a commo name shared by Crinum latifolium (Lirio) and orange llirio (Hippeastrum puniceum).
Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Duende.
FRENCH: Lys rouge.

Botany
Orange lirio is a bulbous perennial with runners or stolons. Leaves are fleshy green, swordlike, 25 to 40 centimeters long, 3 centimeters wide, strap-shaped, narrowed at the tip, developing fully as the flowers wilt. Stem arising from the bulb is cylindrical, hollow, 30 to 40 centimeters long, the tip bearing 2 to 4 stalked, showy, more or less nodding, red or orange colored flowers. Flowers are trumpet-shaped, 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter, the tube about 2.5 centimeters long, and the 6 segments 10 to 12 centimeters long. The fruit is a roundish capsule.

There are several cultivated forms, including a hybrid with dark red flowers with a white stripe running along the center of each segment.

Distribution
- Cultivated.
- Planted in towns
and cities in the Philippines.
- Native to South America.

Constituents
- Study isolated an alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine.
- Phytochemical screening of various extracts of bulbs yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. (see study below) (4)

Properties
- Considered antispasmodic, emetic, purgative.

Parts used
Flowers, bulbs.

Uses
Folkloric
- No reported medicinal use in the Philippines.
- Used for stomachaches.
- In French Guiana, flower infusion is considered antispasmodic; locally used for whooping cough. In NW Guyana, root used to treat asthma, biliousness, as laxative and to induce vomiting. (2)
- In India fresh bulbs traditionally used for healing wounds, tumors, and piles.
- In Jamaica, bulb is used to make plaster with bread or Eryngium foetidum for use on swelling and sores. Also used for abscesses and ulcers. (3)


Studies
Bioactive Alkaloid / Antifeedant / Plant Protective:
Study isolated a bioactive alkaloid, 3-O-acetyl-narcissidine, which showed antifeedant activity against the polyphagous insect Spodoptera littoralis. Results suggest a plant protective role for H. puniceum alkaloids. (1)
Phytochemical Examination of Bulbs: Microscopic examination of bulbs showed starch grains, mucilage cells and xylem fibers. Phytochemical screening of various extracts yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, proteins and amino acids. A chloroform extract showed the highest phenolic content. (4)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update December 2015

Photos ©Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
3-O-Acetyl-narcissidine, a bioactive alkaloid from Hippeastrum puniceum Lam. (Amaryllidaceae) / Santana O, Reinab M, Anaya AL, Hernández F, Izquierdo ME, González-Coloma A. / Z Naturforsch C. 2008 Sep-Oct;63(9-10):639-43.
(2)
Hippeastrum puniceum / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)
(3)
MEDlCINAL PLANTS OF JAMAICA. PARTS 1 & 11. / G. F. Asprey, M.Sc., Ph.D. and Phyllis Thornton, B.Sc./ West Indian Medical Journal. Vol. 2 No. 4. Vol. 3 No. 1.

(4)
Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Evaluation of the Bulbs of Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.)Voss. / *C.P Deepa, Beena Briget Kuriakose / International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research 2014; 6(2); 399-404
(5)
Hippeastrum puniceum / Synonyms / The Plant List
(6)

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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