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Plants with Known Toxicity

List of toxic plants

This is a list in progress, far from complete, added on as I do the updating of the medicinal plants for scientifc studies. While some are known in the rural grapevine for their toxicity, many, surprisingly, are not. The toxicities are quite varied: fish poison and arrow poison uses, abortifacient properties. hallucinogenic effects, liver, renal, and other organ toxicities. Many have short-term gastrointestinal effects. Some toxicities are dose-dependent; some are toxic simply because of over-consumption of certain plant parts. Sometimes toxicity is brought about by herb-drug interactions. Fruits may be toxic when unripe, but safeky edible when ripe. Some have caused accidental deaths, while some have been used with suicidal or homicidal intent.

Patients may be well-advised to discuss their alternative herbal plant regimens with their physicians. But, alas, there never enough time for this in the hurried consultations.


Abuab / Lophopetalum toxicum, Bali-bali
Adelfa / Oleander
Apanang-gubat / Japanese boneset (?)
Apple of Sodom / Dead sea apple
Arnica / Mountain tobacco
Arrow leaf
Baket / Japanese false blueberry
Balaniog / Java brucea
Baaraibai / Sea mango
Belladona / Atropa bella dona
Bias-biasan (Paspalum scrobiculatum)
Binahian / Star gooseberry
Buta-buta / Excoecaria agallocha
Calico flower (Dutchman’s pipe)
Campanero / Yellow bell / Cascabela thevetia
Castor plants
Dieffenbachia
English rubber vine
Estrella / Star of Bethlehem
Granadilla / Passion fruit
Jerusalem cherry / Solanum pseudo-capsicum
Kalog-kalog
Komprey (Comfrey)
Lanot (Senecio scandena)
Laurel / Scarlet leadwort
Luhang dalaga / Zig-zag plant / Euphorbia tithylamoides
Malunggaian
Marjoram
Nami (Intoxicating yam)
Nandina / Sacred bamboo
Paraiso (Bead tree)
Pong-pong / Cerebra odollam
Purple milletia / Chittagong-balok?
Putat / Fish killer tree
Saga / Rosary bead
Silk tree / Mimosa
Sirit-sirit / African tulip tree
Talong-talongan / Bitter apple
Talumpunay / Thorn apple
Tangan-tangan (castor oil plant)
Thailand shower / Robles / Kassod tree
Tigau / Malabar hoary
Timbangan / Dutchman's pipe
Trompeta / Brugmasia suaveolens
Tubang-bakod / Purging nut tree
Tubli / Poison vine
Saga / Rosary beads
Wolfsbane / devil’s helmet / Aconitum spp.

 

Updated August 2020
If you are aware of a plant in the medicinal plant compilation with known toxicity not included in the above list. please send the name to: <godofredo.stuart@yahoo.com>
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Beware, These Philippine Plants Could Kill You / Pinoy Top Tens
New plant names needed The compilation now contain more than 1,100 medicinal plants.The last 100 plants came with great difficulty, many by happenstance, a few contributed to or suggested by site visitors. I believe there are hundreds more that can be added to this compilation. Please send suggestions for inclusion with as much of the following information: local plant name, scientific name, known folkloric medicinal use, and a photo.
© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D. / StuartXchange


It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

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